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Best Resume Examples for a Variety of Jobs. Airline! Do you need to write a resume? Knowing how to start can be the biggest challenge and looking at examples can be very helpful. The following samples are among the best resumes and you can use them as a starting point for creating your own resume. Masyarakat Membanteras Jenayah! They vary greatly in southwest airline skill level, profession and format and are filled with inspiration.
Take notes as you browse the shirek the movie, examples, this will help you remember what you like and dislike and southwest airline strategies, which elements you want to include when you begin writing your own. The first step to writing a great resume is to choose the best type of resume for your work history, experience and amicably define, the jobs you#39;re applying for. Browse these examples to get a sense of your options before choosing the strategies, right format for you. Chronological Resume - A very traditional resume format that focuses on your work experience and lists previous jobs in order. Functional Resume - Focus on your skills and expertise with a minor emphasis on the movie the companies you worked for. Southwest Airline! Combination Resume - Combine the elements of chronological and functional resumes to highlight both your skills and previous employment. Targeted Resume - Write a resume tailored to the specific position you#39;re applying for. Mini Resume - Everyone in your job search does not need to see a full-length resume, use the example to write one that#39;s brief and to jenayah the point. Nontraditional Resume - From a video to an online portfolio, discover how to create and use a resume that is strategies, unique.
Resume Examples with Specific Highlight Sections. Every job seeker#39;s experience and Essay on The Democracy on the World, goals are different and it#39;s important to add sections to your resume that highlight what makes you the best candidate. In these resumes, you will find examples of specific sections that can help you direct a hiring manager#39;s attention to what you feel is most important. Resume with Profile Statement - Give a brief and specific overview of airline your skills. Resume with Accomplishments Section - Highlight your career accomplishments at the top of your resume to show off your biggest achievements.
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These are skills that employers are looking for when hiring business professionals and it is best to include concrete facts and examples of your achievements. The world of strategies business is of the flies reviews, vast and there is a great variety of airline positions available in it. The examples below are a sampling of great resumes used by business professionals. In Usa! No matter your skill level or the position you#39;re applying for, these resumes should provide inspiration while writing your own. They include various skill sets and experience, which will help you along the southwest, way. Positions in the tech industry are particularly competitive and it is extremely important that your resume stands out from your competition. You need to be specific about your skills, the programs you#39;re proficient with, and it#39;s good if you can give examples of end results as well. Many resumes in the technology space include a #39;Technical Skills#39; section in which you list every program, language, etc. Amicably Define! you know.
It gives your prospective employer the chance to quickly understand where your skills lie. Resumes for Education and Human Services Positions. If your career is in education or any field related to human services, your resume needs to highlight both your work experience and certifications. Be sure to southwest airline include any professional licenses or affiliations you have as well. You will notice that a number of these sample resumes feature volunteer experience.
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Freelancers, writers, and other professionals in creative fields may have the most difficult time writing a resume. Your jobs may be varied, your experience and lord of the, skills vast, and it can be difficult getting it all on paper. There are many ways to southwest strategies approach these types of resumes and the examples should help you find a direction that#39;s right for on The Impose Democracy you. You are a creative, so you need to put some of that ingenuity into writing the airline, most effective resume you can. You might also consider developing a curriculum vitae (CV) and Essay on The Democracy on the World, have that available as well. Southwest Strategies! Resumes for Customer Service Jobs. Customer service is a key element in many jobs and drinking age 18, it is important that you focus on that in southwest airline your resume.
Whether you are applying at a restaurant, a hair salon or a local store, the hiring manager will want to know that you will put their customers first. Some of these resume examples also include specific skills required for the position. For instance, a chef may choose to highlight the presentation and speed involved in serving meals to drinking age 18 customers. A stylist will want to focus on special treatments they have learned and a retail associate may want to show off their merchandising expertise. Also, be sure to include any special honors or achievements you have received.
Were you the airline strategies, employee of the religions in usa, month? Did you reach a high sales goal? Teenagers and recent college graduates may need to southwest airline strategies write a resume as well and this can be tricky because of your limited work history. In Usa! You will need to supplement your resume with other achievements. Include volunteer work and accomplishments at school in your resume and southwest strategies, use these examples to learn how to feature them.
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National Science Foundation - Where Discoveries Begin. Chapter II - Proposal Preparation Instructions. Each proposing organization that is new to strategies NSF or has not received an NSF grant within the the movie previous two years should be prepared to submit basic organization and management information and certifications, when requested, to the applicable award making division within BFA. The requisite information is described in the Prospective New Awardee Guide. The information contained in this Guide will assist the organization in southwest airline preparing documents which the National Science Foundation requires to of the flies conduct administrative and financial reviews of the organization. This Guide also serves as a means of highlighting the accountability requirements associated with Federal awards. To facilitate proposal preparation, Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) regarding proposal preparation and submission are available electronically on the NSF website.
8. A. Conformance with Instructions for Proposal Preparation. It is important that all proposals conform to the instructions provided in southwest strategies the GPG. Conformance is required and will be strictly enforced unless an authorization to deviate from religions standard proposal preparation requirements has been approved. NSF may return without review proposals that are not consistent with these instructions. See GPG Chapter IV.B for additional information.
NSF must authorize any deviations from these instructions in advance of proposal submission. Deviations may be authorized in one of two ways: 1. through specification of different requirements in an NSF program solicitation; or. 2. by the written approval of the cognizant NSF Assistant Director/Office Head or designee. These approvals to deviate from NSF proposal preparation instructions may cover a particular program or programs or, in rare instances, an southwest airline “individual” deviation for a particular proposal. Proposers may deviate from these instructions only to the extent authorized. Amicably Define! Proposals must include an authorization to deviate from standard NSF proposal preparation instructions has been received in one of the following ways, as appropriate: (a) by identifying the solicitation number that authorized the deviation in the appropriate block on the proposal Cover Sheet; or (b) for individual deviations, by identifying the name, date and southwest strategies, title of the NSF official authorizing the deviation. 9 Further instructions are available on the FastLane website.
B. Format of the Proposal. Prior to electronic submission, it is strongly recommended that proposers conduct an administrative review to ensure that proposals comply with the proposal preparation guidelines established in the GPG. GPG Exhibit II-1 contains a proposal preparation checklist that may be used to assist in this review. This checklist is not intended to be an all-inclusive repetition of the required proposal contents and associated proposal preparation guidelines. It is, however, meant to highlight certain critical items so they will not be overlooked when the proposal is prepared. 1. Proposal Pagination Instructions. Proposers are advised that FastLane does not automatically paginate a proposal. Each section of the proposal that is uploaded as a file must be individually paginated prior to upload to peranan jenayah the electronic system. 2. Proposal Margin and Spacing Requirements. The proposal must be clear, readily legible, and southwest airline, conform to the following requirements: a. Use one of the following typefaces identified below: Arial 10 , Courier New, or Palatino Linotype at a font size of 10 points or larger Times New Roman at a font size of 11 points or larger Computer Modern family of amicably define fonts at a font size of 11 points or larger.
A font size of less than 10 points may be used for mathematical formulas or equations, figure, table or diagram captions and southwest airline, when using a Symbol font to insert Greek letters or special characters. PIs are cautioned, however, that the text must still be readable; b. No more than 6 lines of text within a vertical space of 1 inch; and. c. Margins, in all directions, must be at least an inch. These requirements apply to all uploaded sections of a proposal, including supplementary documentation. 3. Page Formatting. Since many reviewers will be reviewing proposals electronically, proposers are strongly encouraged to use only a standard, single-column format for the text. Shirek! Avoid using a two-column format since it can cause difficulties when reviewing the southwest airline document electronically. While line spacing (single-spaced, double-spaced, etc.) is at the discretion of the proposer, established page limits must be followed. (Individual program solicitations, however, may eliminate this proposer option by requiring other type size, margin or line spacing requirements.)
The guidelines specified above establish the lord reviews minimum type size requirements; however, PIs are advised that readability is of paramount importance and should take precedence in selection of an appropriate font for airline strategies, use in lord the proposal. Small type size makes it difficult for reviewers to read the proposal; consequently, the airline strategies use of flies reviews small type not in compliance with the above guidelines may be grounds for NSF to return the proposal without review. Adherence to type size and line spacing requirements also is necessary to ensure that no proposer will have an unfair advantage, by using smaller type or line spacing to provide more text in airline strategies the proposal. C. Proposal Contents. NSF utilizes a variety of mechanisms to in usa generate proposals. A brief description of each category of funding opportunity follows: 1. Single-Copy Documents. Certain categories of information that are submitted in conjunction with a proposal are for NSF Use Only. As such, the information is not provided to reviewers for use in the review of the southwest proposal. With the exception of lord of the flies proposal certifications (which are submitted via the Authorized Organizational Representative function 11 ), these documents should be submitted electronically via the Proposal Preparation Module in the FastLane System.
A summary of each of these categories follows: a. Information About Principal Investigators/Project Directors and co-Principal Investigators/co-Project Directors. NSF is committed to providing equal opportunities for southwest airline strategies, participation in its programs and promoting the full use of the Nation's research and engineering resources. To aid in meeting these objectives, NSF requests information on the gender, race, ethnicity and disability status of individuals named as PIs/co-PIs on proposals and awards. Except for the required information about current or previous Federal research support and the name(s) of the PI/co-PI, submission of the information is voluntary, and drinking age 18, individuals who do not wish to provide the personal information should check the box(es) provided for that purpose. b. Authorization to Deviate from NSF Proposal Preparation Requirements (if applicable) Instructions for obtaining authorization to southwest deviate from NSF proposal preparation instructions are provided in GPG Chapter II.A. c. List of masyarakat membanteras jenayah Suggested Reviewers or Reviewers Not to Include (optional) Proposers may include a list of suggested reviewers who they believe are especially well qualified to review the proposal. Proposers also may designate persons they would prefer not review the proposal, indicating why. Airline! These suggestions are optional. GPG Exhibit II-2 contains information on conflicts of interest that may be useful in preparation of this list.
The cognizant Program Officer handling the proposal considers the suggestions and may contact the proposer for further information. However, the amicably define decision whether or not to southwest airline use the suggestions remains with the Essay USA Should Impose Democracy on the Program Officer. d. Proprietary or Privileged Information (if applicable) Instructions for submission of proprietary or privileged information are provided in GPG Chapter I.D.3. e. Proposal Certifications. With the exception of the Disclosure of Lobbying Activities (SF LLL) identified below, the procedures for submission of the southwest strategies proposal certifications differ from those used with other single-copy documents.
The AOR must use the Authorized Organizational Representative function in the FastLane System to on The Impose World electronically sign and submit the proposal certifications. It is the proposing organization's responsibility to assure that only properly authorized individuals sign in southwest this capacity. 12. The required proposal certifications are as follows: Certification for Authorized Organizational Representative or Individual Proposer: The AOR is required to jenayah complete certifications regarding the strategies accuracy and completeness of statements contained in the proposal, as well as to certify that the organization (or individual) agrees to accept the of the flies obligation to southwest comply with award terms and conditions. Certification Regarding Conflict of Interest: The AOR is required to complete certifications stating that the institution 13 has implemented and is enforcing a written policy on conflicts of interest, consistent with the provisions of AAG Chapter IV.A.; that, to drinking age 18 the best of his/her knowledge, all financial disclosures required by the conflict of interest policy were made; and southwest strategies, that conflicts of amicably define interest, if any, were, or prior to the institution's expenditure of any funds under the southwest award, will be, satisfactorily managed, reduced or eliminated in masyarakat membanteras jenayah accordance with the southwest strategies institution's conflict of interest policy. Conflicts that cannot be satisfactorily managed, reduced or eliminated must be disclosed to shirek NSF via use of the Notifications and Requests Module in the NSF FastLane System. Drug-Free Workplace: The AOR is required to complete a certification regarding the Drug-Free Workplace Act.
See GPG Exhibit II-3 for the full text of the Drug-Free Workplace Certification. Debarment and southwest strategies, Suspension: The AOR is the movie required to complete a certification regarding Debarment and Suspension. See GPG Exhibit II-4 for the full text of the strategies Debarment and Suspension Certification. Certification Regarding Lobbying: When the proposal exceeds $100,000, the AOR is amicably define required to complete a certification regarding lobbying restrictions. Southwest Airline! The Certification for Contracts, Grants, Loans and religions in usa, Cooperative Agreements is airline included in full text on the FastLane submission screen as well as in GPG Exhibit II-5. Religions In Usa! The box for Disclosure of Lobbying Activities must be checked on the proposal Cover Sheet only if, pursuant to paragraph 2 of the certification, submission of the SF LLL is required.
14. Certification Regarding Nondiscrimination: The AOR is required to southwest strategies complete a certification regarding compliance with NSF Nondiscrimination regulations and policies. See GPG Exhibit II-6 for the full text of the Nondiscrimination Certification. Certification Regarding Flood Hazard Insurance: Two sections of the lord of the flies National Flood Insurance Act of 1968 (42 USC §4012a and §4106) bar Federal agencies from airline strategies giving financial assistance for acquisition or construction purposes in Essay on The USA Should Democracy on the any area identified by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) as having special flood hazards unless the: (1) community in which that area is located participates in strategies the national flood insurance program; and. (2) building (and any related equipment) is covered by adequate flood insurance. By electronically signing the amicably define proposal Cover Sheet, AORs for airline strategies, prospective grantees located in FEMA-designated special flood hazard areas are certifying that adequate flood insurance has been or will be obtained in lord reviews the following situations: (1) for NSF grants for the construction of a building or facility, regardless of the dollar amount of the grant; and. (2) for other NSF grants when more than $25,000 has been budgeted in southwest strategies the proposal for repair, alteration or improvement (construction) of drinking age 18 a building or facility. 15.
Prospective grantees should contact their local government or a federally-insured financial institution to determine what areas are identified as having special flood hazards and the availability of flood insurance in their community. 2. Sections of the southwest strategies Proposal. The sections described below represent the body of a proposal submitted to NSF. With the Essay on The Impose Democracy on the World exception of “Special Information and Supplementary Documentation” and “Appendices,” all sections are required parts of the proposal. These documents must be submitted electronically via the Proposal Preparation Module in southwest airline strategies the FastLane System. 16. There are four major components of the proposal Cover Sheet.
A number of the boxes contained on masyarakat the Cover Sheet are electronically prefilled as part of the FastLane login process. Southwest Airline Strategies! The information requested on the Cover Sheet is as follows: (1) Awardee and Performing/Research Organization: This information is pre-filled on the Cover Sheet based on the login information entered. (2) Program Announcement/Solicitation/Description Number: Proposers are required to select the applicable program announcement, solicitation or program description. If the amicably define proposal is southwest airline strategies not submitted in response to drinking age 18 a specific program announcement, solicitation, or program description, proposers should select Grant Proposal Guide. Compliance with this requirement is critical in determining the relevant proposal processing guidelines. Proposals submitted with Grant Proposal Guide selected that are directed to Division/Program combinations with active program descriptions will default to the nearest target date for southwest airline, that program.
Proposers are advised to select No Closing Date when the proposal is not submitted in flies reviews response to any relevant NSF funding opportunity (which includes program announcements, solicitations or program descriptions). (3) NSF Unit of Consideration: Proposers must follow instructions for selection of an applicable NSF Division/Office and Program(s) to southwest airline which the proposal should be directed. (4) Remainder of the Cover Sheet: (a) Title of shirek the movie Proposed Project. The title of the airline project must be brief, scientifically or technically valid, intelligible to a scientifically or technically literate reader, and suitable for use in religions the public press. NSF may edit the title of a project prior to making an award. (b) Budget and Duration Information. The proposed duration for which support is requested must be consistent with the nature and airline strategies, complexity of the proposed activity. Grants are normally awarded for up to three years but may be awarded for periods of up to five years. The Foundation encourages PIs to request awards for durations of three to five years when such durations are necessary for completion of the proposed work and are technically and drinking age 18, managerially advantageous. Specification of a desired starting date for the project is important and helpful to NSF staff; however, requests for specific effective dates may not be met.
Except in southwest airline strategies special situations, requested effective dates must allow at least six months for NSF review, processing and decision. Should unusual situations (e.g., a long lead time for procurement) create problems regarding the proposed effective date, the PI should consult his/her organization’s sponsored projects office. (c) PI Information and co-PI Information. Information (including address information) regarding the PI is derived from login information and is not entered when preparing the amicably define Cover Sheet. The proposal also may identify up to four additional co-Principal Investigators. Each individual's name and either pseudo social security number or primary registered e-mail address, should be entered in the boxes provided. (d) Previous NSF Award. If the southwest strategies proposal is a renewal proposal, or an accomplishment-based renewal proposal, the applicable box must be checked. If yes, the of the reviews proposer will be requested to strategies select the applicable previous award number.
Some NSF program solicitations require submission of both a preliminary and full proposal as part of the proposal process. In such cases, the following instructions apply: (i) During the preliminary proposal stage, the proposing organization should identify the submission as a preliminary proposal by checking the peranan masyarakat membanteras block entitled, “Preliminary Proposal” on the proposal Cover Sheet; (ii) During the southwest airline strategies full proposal submission stage, the drinking age 18 proposing organization should identify in the block entitled, “Show Related Preliminary Proposal Number”, the related preliminary proposal number assigned by NSF. (e) Other Federal Agencies. If the proposal is being submitted for consideration by another Federal agency, the abbreviated names of the Federal agencies must be identified in the spaces provided. (f) Awardee Organization Information. The awardee organization name, address, DUNS number and southwest airline, Employer Identification Number/Taxpayer Identification Number are derived from the login information and are not entered when preparing the Cover Sheet via FastLane. Profit making organizations must identify their status by checking the the movie appropriate boxes on airline the Cover Sheet, using the following guidelines: A small business must be organized for profit, independently owned and operated (not a subsidiary of or controlled by another firm), have no more than 500 employees, and not be dominant in its field.
The appropriate box also must be checked when the religions in usa proposal involves a cooperative effort between an strategies academic institution and USA Should Democracy World, a small business. A minority business must be: (i) at least 51 percent owned by one or more minority or disadvantaged individuals or, in the case of a publicly owned business, have at least 51 percent of the voting stock owned by one or more minority or disadvantaged individuals; and (ii) one whose management and airline, daily business operations are controlled by one or more such individuals. A woman-owned business must be at least 51 percent owned by a woman or women, who also control and operate it. Lord Flies! Control in southwest airline this context means exercising the power to make policy decisions. Operate in membanteras jenayah this context means being actively involved in the day-to-day management.
(g) Performing/Research Organization. Should the project be performed at southwest strategies a place other than where the award is to be made, that should be identified in amicably define the block entitled, “Name of Performing Organization.” Examples are as follows: Northern Virginia University. Northern Virginia University Health Center. Southern Virginia University. Southern Virginia University. (h) Other Information. Should any of the following items on the proposal Cover Sheet apply to a proposal, the applicable box(es) must be checked.
Beginning Investigator (See GPG I.G.2) Disclosure of Lobbying Activities (See GPG II.C.1.e) Proprietary or Privileged Information (See GPG I.D.3 II.C.1.d) Historic Places (See GPG II.C.2.j) Small Grants for Exploratory Research (SGER) (See GPG II.D.1) Vertebrate Animals 17 (See GPG II.D.5) Human Subjects 18 (See GPG II.D.6) High Resolution Graphics/Other Graphics Where Exact Color Representation is Required for southwest airline strategies, Proper Interpretation (See GPG I.G.1) International Cooperative Activities Country Name(s) (See GPG II.C.2j) b. Project Summary. The proposal must contain a summary of the proposed activity suitable for publication, not more than one page in length. It should not be an abstract of the proposal, but rather a self-contained description of the activity that would result if the proposal were funded. The summary should be written in the third person and include a statement of objectives and methods to be employed. It must clearly address in separate statements (within the one-page summary): the intellectual merit of the shirek proposed activity; and. the broader impacts resulting from the proposed activity. It should be informative to other persons working in the same or related fields and, insofar as possible, understandable to a scientifically or technically literate lay reader. Southwest Airline! Proposals that do not separately address both merit review criteria within the one-page Project Summary will be returned without review. c. Table of Contents.
A Table of Contents is automatically generated for the proposal by the FastLane system. The proposer cannot edit this form. d. Project Description (including Results from Prior NSF Support) All proposals to NSF will be reviewed utilizing the two merit review criteria described in greater length in drinking age 18 GPG Chapter III. The Project Description should provide a clear statement of the work to be undertaken and strategies, must include: objectives for the period of the proposed work and expected significance; relation to longer-term goals of the PI's project; and relation to the present state of knowledge in the field, to work in shirek progress by the PI under other support and to work in progress elsewhere. The Project Description should outline the general plan of work, including the broad design of activities to be undertaken, and, where appropriate, provide a clear description of experimental methods and procedures and strategies, plans for preservation, documentation, and sharing of data, samples, physical collections, curriculum materials and other related research and education products. It must describe as an integral part of the narrative, the broader impacts resulting from the proposed activities, addressing one or more of the following as appropriate for the project: how the project will integrate research and education by advancing discovery and understanding while at the same time promoting teaching, training, and learning; ways in which the proposed activity will broaden the participation of underrepresented groups (e.g., gender, ethnicity, disability, geographic, etc.); how the project will enhance the infrastructure for research and/or education, such as facilities, instrumentation, networks, and religions, partnerships; how the results of the project will be disseminated broadly to enhance scientific and technological understanding; and potential benefits of the proposed activity to society at airline large. Examples illustrating activities likely to demonstrate broader impacts are available electronically on drinking age 18 the NSF website. A Table of Contents is automatically generated for the proposal by the FastLane system. The proposer cannot edit this form. (ii) Page Limitations and Inclusion of southwest strategies Universal Resource Locators (URLs) within the Project Description.
Brevity will assist reviewers and Foundation staff in membanteras jenayah dealing effectively with proposals. Therefore, the Project Description (including Results from Prior NSF Support, which is limited to five pages) may not exceed 15 pages . Airline Strategies! Visual materials, including charts, graphs, maps, photographs and other pictorial presentations are included in the 15-page limitation. PIs are cautioned that the project description must be self-contained and that URLs that provide information related to the proposal should not be used because 1) the information could circumvent page limitations, 2) the reviewers are under no obligation to view the sites, and 3) the sites could be altered or abolished between the time of submission and the time of review. Conformance to the 15-page limitation will be strictly enforced and may not be exceeded unless a deviation has been specifically authorized. (GPG Chapter II.A contains information on deviations.) (iii) Results from religions Prior NSF Support. If any PI or co-PI identified on the project has received NSF funding in the past five years, information on the award(s) is required. Each PI and co-PI who has received more than one award (excluding amendments) must report on the award most closely related to airline strategies the proposal. The following information must be provided: (a) the Impose on the World NSF award number, amount and period of support; (b) the title of the airline project; (c) a summary of the Democracy World results of the completed work, including, for a research project, any contribution to the development of human resources in science and engineering; (d) publications resulting from the NSF award; (e) a brief description of available data, samples, physical collections and other related research products not described elsewhere; and. (f) if the proposal is for renewed support, a description of the relation of the completed work to the proposed work. Reviewers will be asked to comment on the quality of the prior work described in this section of the proposal. Please note that the proposal may contain up to southwest airline five pages to describe the results.
Results may be summarized in fewer than five pages, which would give the balance of the 15 pages for the Project Description. (iv) Unfunded Collaborations. Any substantial collaboration with individuals not included in the budget should be described and documented with a letter from the movie each collaborator, which should be provided in the supplementary documentation section of the FastLane Proposal Preparation Module. Collaborative activities that are identified in airline the budget should follow the instructions in GPG Chapter II.D.3. NSF encourages submission of proposals by groups of investigators; often these are submitted to peranan masyarakat jenayah carry out interdisciplinary projects. Unless stipulated in a specific program solicitation, however, such proposals will be subject to the 15-page Project Description limitation established in Section (ii) above. PIs who wish to exceed the established page limitations for the Project Description must request and receive a deviation in advance of proposal submission. (GPG Chapter II.A contains information on deviations.) (vi) Proposals for Renewed Support.
A proposal for renewed support may be either a “traditional” proposal in which the southwest airline strategies proposed work is amicably define documented and described as fully as though the proposer were applying for the first time; or, an “Accomplishment-Based Renewal” (ABR) proposal, in which the project description is airline replaced by copies of no more than six reprints of on The USA Should Democracy on the World publications resulting from the southwest strategies research supported by membanteras NSF during the preceding three to five year period, plus a brief summary of plans for the proposed support period. (See GPG Chapter V for additional information on preparation of Renewal Proposals.) e. References Cited. Reference information is required. Each reference must include the southwest names of all authors (in the same sequence in which they appear in the publication), the article and journal title, book title, volume number, page numbers, and amicably define, year of publication. If the document is available electronically, the website address also should be identified. Southwest Airline Strategies! 19 Proposers must be especially careful to follow accepted scholarly practices in providing citations for source materials relied upon shirek the movie when preparing any section of the proposal. Strategies! While there is no established page limitation for the references, this section must include bibliographic citations only and must not be used to provide parenthetical information outside of the 15-page project description. f. Biographical Sketch(es) (i) Senior Personnel. A biographical sketch (limited to two pages) is required for each individual identified as senior project personnel. (See GPG Exhibit II-7 for the definitions of Senior Personnel.) The following information must be provided in masyarakat the order and format specified below. Do not submit personal information such as home address; home telephone, fax, or cell phone numbers; home e-mail address; date of birth; citizenship; drivers’ license numbers; marital status; personal hobbies; and the like. Southwest! Such personal information is of the flies irrelevant to the merits of the proposal.
If such information is included, NSF will make every effort to airline strategies prevent unauthorized access to such material, but the Foundation is not responsible or in any way liable for the release of such material. (See also GPG Chapter III.G). (a) Professional Preparation. A list of the individual's undergraduate and graduate education and postdoctoral training as indicated below: Inclusive Dates (years) A list, in reverse chronological order, of all the individual's academic/professional appointments beginning with the current appointment.
A list of: (i) up to 5 publications most closely related to the proposed project; and (ii) up to 5 other significant publications, whether or not related to the proposed project. Each publication identified must include the names of all authors (in the same sequence in which they appear in the publication), the article and lord of the, journal title, book title, volume number, page numbers, and year of publication. If the document is airline available electronically, the website address also should be identified. For unpublished manuscripts, list only those submitted or accepted for publication (along with most likely date of publication). Patents, copyrights and software systems developed may be substituted for publications.
Additional lists of publications, invited lectures, etc., must not be included. The Movie! Only the list of 10 will be used in the review of the proposal. (d) Synergistic Activities. A list of up to five examples that demonstrate the broader impact of the individual’s professional and scholarly activities that focuses on the integration and transfer of knowledge as well as its creation. Southwest Airline! Examples could include, among others: innovations in peranan jenayah teaching and training (e.g., development of airline strategies curricular materials and religions, pedagogical methods); contributions to the science of learning; development and/or refinement of research tools; computation methodologies, and algorithms for problem-solving; development of databases to support research and education; broadening the southwest strategies participation of religions groups underrepresented in science, mathematics, engineering and technology; and southwest airline strategies, service to the scientific and engineering community outside of the individual’s immediate organization.
(e) Collaborators Other Affiliations. Collaborators and religions, Co-Editors. A list of all persons in alphabetical order (including their current organizational affiliations) who are currently, or who have been collaborators or co-authors with the individual on a project, book, article, report, abstract or paper during the 48 months preceding the submission of the strategies proposal. Lord Of The! Also include those individuals who are currently or have been co-editors of southwest a journal, compendium, or conference proceedings during the 24 months preceding the submission of the Democracy World proposal. If there are no collaborators or co-editors to report, this should be so indicated.
Graduate Advisors and Postdoctoral Sponsors. A list of the names of the airline individual’s own graduate advisor(s) and principal postdoctoral sponsor(s), and their current organizational affiliations. Thesis Advisor and Postgraduate-Scholar Sponsor. A list of all persons (including their organizational affiliations), with whom the individual has had an in usa association as thesis advisor, or with whom the individual has had an association within the last five years as a postgraduate-scholar sponsor. The total number of graduate students advised and southwest airline, postdoctoral scholars sponsored also must be identified. The information in amicably define section (e) above of the biographical sketch is used to help identify potential conflicts or bias in the selection of reviewers.
See GPG Exhibit II-2 for additional information on potential reviewer conflicts. (ii) Other Personnel. For the personnel categories listed below, the proposal also may include information on exceptional qualifications that merit consideration in the evaluation of the proposal. (a) Postdoctoral associates. (b) Other professionals. (c) Students (research assistants) (iii) Equipment Proposals. For equipment proposals, the following must be provided for each auxiliary user: (a) Short biographical sketch; and. (b) List of up to five publications most closely related to the proposed acquisition. Each proposal must contain a budget for each year of southwest airline strategies support requested, unless a particular program solicitation stipulates otherwise.
The amounts requested for each budget line item should be documented and justified in the budget justification as specified below. The budget justification should be no more than three pages. The proposal may request funds under any of the categories listed so long as the item and amount are considered necessary, reasonable, allocable, and allowable under the peranan membanteras jenayah applicable cost principles, NSF policy, and/or the program solicitation. Southwest Strategies! Amounts and shirek the movie, expenses budgeted also must be consistent with the proposing organization's policies and procedures and cost accounting practices used in accumulating and reporting costs. A discussion of the budget and the allowability of selected items of cost is airline contained in both the GPG (from a budget preparation perspective) and in the Award Administration Guide (AAG) (from an allowability and administration perspective), as well as NSF program solicitations. In preparation of the budget, however, proposers are encouraged to consult the AAG to determine whether a certain category of cost is allowable under an NSF award. Cost principles governing the allowability of costs are contained in OMB Circulars A-21 (Colleges Universities), A-87 (State, Local, Indian Tribal Governments), and A-122 (Non-Profit Organizations) and are available at http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/circulars/index.html. Cost Principles applicable to for-profit organizations can be found in the Federal Acquisition Regulations (FAR), Part 31. (i) Salaries and Wages (Lines A and B on the Proposal Budget)
As a general policy, NSF recognizes that salaries of peranan masyarakat faculty members and other personnel associated directly with the project constitute appropriate direct costs and may be requested in proportion to the effort devoted to the project. Southwest! Individuals included on budget lines A and B should be employees of the proposing organization. Budget lines A and Essay USA Should World, B should not include compensation related to consultants or subawardees. Salaries and wages for consultants and subawardees should be budgeted on southwest airline Lines G.3. and G.5 of the proposal budget, respectively. NSF regards research as one of the normal functions of faculty members at institutions of higher education. Compensation for time normally spent on research within the term of peranan masyarakat membanteras jenayah appointment is deemed to be included within the faculty member’s regular organizational salary. Grant funds may not be used to strategies augment the total salary or salary rate of faculty members during the period covered by the term of faculty appointment or to reimburse faculty members for of the, consulting or other time in addition to a regular full-time organizational salary covering the same general period of employment. Exceptions may be considered under certain NSF science and engineering education program solicitations for weekend and evening classes, remote locations, or for administrative work done as overload.
If anticipated, any intent to provide salary compensation above the base salary should be disclosed in the grant proposal budget justification and strategies, must be specifically approved by NSF in the award notice. Summer salary for faculty members at colleges and universities on academic-year appointments is limited to no more than two-ninths of their regular academic-year salary. This limit includes summer salary received from all NSF-funded grants. These same general principles apply to other types of non-academic organizations, such as research institutes. Since their employment periods are usually annual, salary must be shown under “calendar months.” An independent institute or laboratory may propose to employ college or university faculty members on on The Impose on the World a part-time basis.
In such cases, it is the airline strategies general intent of the drinking age 18 above policies to limit an individual’s total compensation to what would be earned under a grant to the home academic institution. In most circumstances, particularly for institutions of higher education, salaries of administrative or clerical staff are included as part of indirect costs (also known as Facilities and Administrative Costs (FA) for Colleges and southwest airline strategies, Universities). Religions! Salaries of strategies administrative or clerical staff may be requested as direct costs for shirek, a project requiring an airline strategies extensive amount of administrative or clerical support and where these costs can be readily and specifically identified with the project with a high degree of accuracy. Salaries for administrative or clerical staff shall be budgeted as a direct cost only if this type of amicably define cost is strategies consistently treated as a direct cost in like circumstances for all other projects and flies, cost objectives. The circumstances for southwest airline, requiring direct charging of these services must be clearly described in the budget justification. Such costs, if not clearly justified, may be deleted by NSF. See OMB Memorandum dated July 13, 1994, for examples of where direct charging of administrative salaries may be appropriate. Additional information on the charging of salaries and wages to an NSF award is available in AAG Chapter V.B.1. The names of the PI(s), faculty, and other senior personnel and the estimated number of full-time-equivalent academic-year, summer, or calendar-year person-months for which NSF funding is requested and the total amount of salaries requested per in usa, year must be listed.
For postdoctoral associates and other professionals, the total number of persons for airline, each position must be listed, with the number of full-time-equivalent person-months and total amount of salaries requested per year. For graduate and undergraduate students, secretarial, clerical, technical, etc., whose time will be charged directly to the project, only the total number of persons and total amount of drinking age 18 salaries requested per airline, year in of the flies each category is required. Southwest Airline Strategies! Salaries requested must be consistent with the organization’s regular practices. The budget justification should detail the rates of shirek the movie pay by individual for senior personnel, postdoctoral associates, and other professionals. The budget may request funds for support of graduate or undergraduate research assistants to airline help carry out the proposed research. Compensation classified as salary payments must be requested in the salaries and wages category. (c) Confidential Budgetary Information.
The proposing organization may request that salary data on senior personnel not be released to persons outside the Government during the review process. In such cases, the item for senior personnel salaries in the proposal may appear as a single figure and the person-months represented by shirek the movie that amount omitted. If this option is exercised, senior personnel salaries and person-months must be itemized in a separate statement, and forwarded to southwest airline NSF in accordance with the lord flies instructions specified in southwest strategies GPG Chapter I.D.3. This statement must include all of the information requested on the proposal budget for each person involved. NSF will not forward the in usa detailed information to strategies reviewers and will hold it privileged to the extent permitted by law. The information on lord of the flies reviews senior personnel salaries will be used as the basis for determining the airline strategies salary amounts shown in the grant budget. The box for Proprietary or Privileged Information must be checked on lord of the reviews the proposal Cover Sheet when the airline proposal contains confidential budgetary information. 20. (ii) Fringe Benefits (Line C on the Proposal Budget)
If the proposer's usual accounting practices provide that its contributions to lord reviews employee benefits (social security, retirement, other payroll-related taxes and time off including vacation, sick, and other leave, etc.) be treated as direct costs, NSF grant funds may be requested to fund fringe benefits as a direct cost. These are typically determined by application of a calculated fringe benefit rate for a particular class of airline employee (full time or part-time) applied to the salaries and wages requested. Although, they also may be paid based on actual costs for peranan membanteras, individual employees, if that institutional policy has been approved by the cognizant federal agency. (iii) Equipment (Line D on the Proposal Budget) Equipment is defined as an item of property that has an acquisition cost of $5,000 or more (unless the organization has established lower levels) and an expected service life of more than one year.
It is important to note that the acquisition cost of equipment includes modifications, attachments, and strategies, accessories necessary to make the masyarakat membanteras jenayah property usable for the purpose for southwest airline, which it was purchased. Items of needed equipment must be adequately justified, listed individually by description and estimated cost. Allowable items ordinarily will be limited to Essay USA Should research equipment and apparatus not already available for the conduct of the work. General-purpose equipment, such as a personal computer and office furnishings, are not eligible for support unless primarily or exclusively used in the actual conduct of airline strategies scientific research. Additional information on the charging of equipment to an NSF award is available in AAG Chapter V.B.2. (iv) Travel (Line E on the Proposal Budget)
Travel and its relation to of the the proposed activities must be specified and itemized by destination and cost. Funds may be requested for field work, attendance at meetings and conferences, and southwest airline, other travel associated with the proposed work, including subsistence. Religions In Usa! In order to qualify for southwest airline strategies, support, however, attendance at meetings or conferences must be necessary to accomplish proposal objectives, or disseminate its results. Allowance for air travel normally will not exceed the cost of round-trip, economy airfares. Persons traveling under NSF grants must travel by US-Flag Air carriers, if available.
21. Additional information on the charging of travel costs to an NSF award is available in AAG Chapter V.B.4. (b) Domestic Travel. For budget preparation purposes, domestic travel includes travel in the US, its possessions, Puerto Rico, and travel to Canada and Mexico. (c) Foreign Travel.
For budget purposes, travel outside the areas specified above is considered foreign. The proposal must include relevant information, including countries to be visited (also enter names of countries on the proposal budget), dates of visit, if known, and justification for any foreign travel planned in connection with the drinking age 18 project. Travel support for dependents of key project personnel may be requested only when all of the following conditions apply: (i) the individual is a key person who is essential to airline the research on a full-time basis; (ii) the lord of the flies reviews individual’s residence away from home and in a foreign country is for a continuous period of six months or more and is essential to the effective performance of the project; and. (iii) the dependent’s travel allowance is consistent with the policies of the strategies organization administering the grant. (v) Participant Support (Line F on the Proposal Budget) This budget category refers to on The USA Should Impose Democracy costs of transportation, per diem, stipends and other related costs for participants or trainees (but not employees) in connection with NSF-sponsored conferences, meetings, symposia, training activities and workshops. 22 (See GPG Chapter II.D.7) For some educational projects conducted at airline local school districts, however, the of the reviews participants being trained are employees. In such cases, the costs must be classified as participant support if payment is airline made through a stipend or training allowance method. Essay On The USA Should Impose On The World! The school district must have an accounting mechanism in airline strategies place (i.e., sub-account code) to amicably define differentiate between regular salary and stipend payments.
Generally, indirect costs (FA) are not allowed on southwest airline strategies participant support costs. The number of participants to be supported must be entered in shirek the movie the parentheses on the proposal budget. These costs also must be justified in the budget justification section of the strategies proposal. Lord Reviews! Some programs, such as Research Experiences for Undergraduates, have special instructions for treatment of participant support. Additional information on the charging of participant support costs to an NSF award is available in AAG Chapter V.B.8. (vi) Other Direct Costs (Lines G1 through G6 on the Proposal Budget) Any costs proposed to an NSF grant must be allowable, reasonable and directly allocable to the supported activity.
The budget must identify and itemize other anticipated direct costs not included under the headings above, including materials and airline, supplies, publication costs, computer services and consultant services. Essay On The! Examples include aircraft rental, space rental at research establishments away from the grantee organization, minor building alterations, payments to human subjects, service charges, and construction of equipment or systems not available off the southwest airline strategies shelf. Reference books and reviews, periodicals may be charged to the grant only southwest, if they are specifically allocable to the project being supported by NSF. (a) Materials and Supplies (Line G1 on the Proposal Budget) The proposal budget justification should indicate the general types of expendable materials and supplies required. Materials and Essay USA Should World, supplies are defined as tangible personal property, other than equipment, costing less than $5,000, or other lower threshold consistent with the policy established by the proposing organization.
Cost estimates must be included for items that represent a substantial amount of the strategies proposed line item cost. (b) Publication/Documentation/Dissemination (Line G2 on amicably define the Proposal Budget) The proposal budget may request funds for the costs of strategies documenting, preparing, publishing or otherwise making available to others the findings and products of the work conducted under the grant. This generally includes the following types of activities: reports, reprints, page charges or other journal costs (except costs for prior or early publication); necessary illustrations; cleanup, documentation, storage and indexing of data and databases; development, documentation and peranan membanteras, debugging of software; and storage, preservation, documentation, indexing, etc., of physical specimens, collections or fabricated items. Additional information on the charging of publication/documentation/dissemination costs to an NSF award is southwest airline available in AAG Chapter V.B.7.
(c) Consultant Services (Line G3 on the Proposal Budget) Anticipated consultant services must be justified and information furnished on each individual’s expertise, primary organizational affiliation, normal daily compensation rate, and number of lord of the reviews days of expected service. Southwest Airline Strategies! Consultants’ travel costs, including subsistence, may be included. Essay USA Should! If requested, the proposer must be able to justify that the proposed rate of pay is reasonable. 23.
Additional information on the charging of consultant costs to an NSF award is available in AAG Chapter V.B.6. (d) Computer Services (Line G4 on southwest the Proposal Budget) The cost of computer services, including computer-based retrieval of of the flies scientific, technical and educational information, may be requested only southwest airline, where it is institutional policy to lord flies charge such costs as direct charges. A justification based on the established computer service rates at the proposing organization must be included. The proposal budget also may request costs for leasing of computer equipment. General purpose (word processing, spreadsheets, communication) computer equipment should not be requested.
Special purpose or scientific use computers or associated hardware and software, however, may be requested as items of equipment when necessary to accomplish the project objectives and not otherwise reasonably available. Additional information on the charging of computer services to southwest strategies an NSF award is peranan masyarakat available in AAG Chapter V.B.5. (e) Subawards 24 (Line G5 on the Proposal Budget) Except for southwest strategies, the procurement of such items as commercially available supplies, materials, equipment or general support services allowable under the grant, no significant part of the research or substantive effort under an on The USA Should Impose Democracy NSF grant may be contracted or otherwise transferred to southwest airline strategies another organization without prior NSF authorization. The intent to enter into such arrangements must be disclosed in the proposal, and a separate budget should be provided for each subawardee, if already identified, along with a description of the work to be performed. Otherwise, the disclosure should include a clear description of the work to Democracy on the be performed, and the basis for selection of the subawardee (except for collaborative/joint arrangements).
(f) Other (Line G6 on the Proposal Budget) Any other direct costs not specified in airline Lines G1 through G5 must be identified on Line G6. Such costs must be itemized and detailed in lord of the reviews the budget justification. 25. (vii) Total Direct Costs (Line H on the Proposal Budget) The total amount of direct costs requested in the budget, to include Lines A through G, must be entered on Line H. (viii) Indirect Costs (also known as Facilities and Administrative Costs (FA) for Colleges and Universities) (Line I on the Proposal Budget) The applicable indirect cost rate(s) negotiated by the organization with the cognizant negotiating agency must be used in computing indirect costs (FA) for a proposal. Southwest Airline Strategies! The amount for indirect costs should be calculated by applying the current negotiated indirect cost rate(s) to peranan the approved base(s). Indirect cost recovery for colleges, universities, and other organizations of higher education are additionally restricted by OMB Circular A-21.
The Circular stipulates in southwest strategies section G.7.a. that Federal agencies are required to use the negotiated FA rates that are in Essay on The USA Should on the World effect at the time of the initial award throughout the life of the sponsored agreement. Additional information on the charging of strategies indirect costs to an NSF award is available in amicably define AAG Chapter V.D. For proposing organizations that do not have a current negotiated rate agreement with a cognizant Federal agency, its business officer should prepare an indirect cost proposal based on expenditures for its most recently ended fiscal year. If the proposal is recommended for funding, the proposing organization will be required to provide its indirect cost proposal to support the budgeted indirect rate. The contents and financial data included in airline strategies indirect cost proposals vary according to the make-up of the proposing organization. A sample indirect cost proposal is USA Should Democracy on the available at: https://www.nsf.gov/bfa/dias/caar/indirect.htm. Proposing organizations submitting a proposal to airline strategies NSF for the first time are encouraged to request guidance from the Cost Analysis Audit Resolution Branch of NSF’s Division of Institution Award Support at (703) 292-8244. Within Government guidelines, it is NSF policy that grantees are entitled to reimbursement from grant funds for religions in usa, indirect costs (FA) allocable to the NSF share of allowable direct costs of a project. NSF program staff may not negotiate indirect costs as a discrete item of a proposal budget since only the duly authorized Grants and Agreements Officer has authority to negotiate indirect costs. NSF program staff are not authorized to suggest or request that PI/PDs seek reductions or waivers of indirect costs except as explicitly specified in applicable NSF program solicitations.
Exceptions to Basic Policy. No Indirect or Limited Reimbursement. In some cases, however, NSF program solicitations may indicate no or limited reimbursement for indirect costs. In addition, NSF generally provides no amounts for southwest, indirect costs for the following: grants solely for the support of travel, equipment, construction of facilities, or doctoral dissertation research; grants in lord of the which NSF support is exclusively in the form of fellowships, traineeships or other fixed amounts such as cost-of-education allowances; participant support costs. However, an allowance for indirect costs associated with participant support costs may be established or negotiated in advance when circumstances indicate that the grantee could be expected to incur significant expenses in administering participant payments (other than salary or other direct expenses being reimbursed under the award). or, foreign grantees (unless the foreign grantee has a previously negotiated rate agreement with a US Federal agency that has a practice of negotiating rates with foreign entities). (ix) Total Direct and Indirect Costs (FA) (Line J on the Proposal Budget) The total amount of direct and indirect costs (FA) (sum of Lines H and southwest airline strategies, I) must be entered on the movie Line J. (x) Amount of This Request (Line L on the Proposal Budget) The total amount of funds requested by the proposer should be the same as the amount entered on Line J. If disapproved, Line L will be equal to Line J minus Line K. (xi) Cost Sharing (Line M on the Proposal Budget)
Since issuance of the NSF Cost Sharing Policy in 1999, the Foundation’s cost sharing policy has continued to be an issue widely discussed by southwest airline the community, as well as within NSF and religions in usa, the National Science Board (NSB). Cost sharing was most recently discussed formally at the NSB's 382nd meeting on October 13-14, 2004, when the strategies Board approved a revision to Essay on the the Foundation's policy on southwest cost sharing to religions in usa eliminate NSF program-specific cost sharing requirements. In implementation of the Board's policy, there is no expectation by the Foundation that proposals submitted for funding will include a cost sharing component. Southwest Strategies! When cost sharing is Essay on the included on Line M, it is solely at the discretion of the proposing institution and will not be a factor in the Foundation's decision to make an award. However, once cost sharing is proposed on Line M, and accepted by the Foundation, the commitment of funds becomes legally binding and is subject to audit. 26. Failure to provide the level of cost sharing reflected in the approved grant budget may result in termination of the NSF grant, disallowance of southwest strategies grant costs and/or refund of grant funds to NSF by the grantee. (xii) Unallowable Costs. Proposers should be familiar with the complete list of unallowable costs that is contained in the applicable cost principles.
The following categories of unallowable costs are highlighted because of their sensitivity: Costs of entertainment, amusement, diversion and social activities and any costs directly associated with such activities (such as tickets to shows or sporting events, meals, lodging, rentals, transportation and peranan jenayah, gratuities) are unallowable. Travel, meal and hotel expenses of airline strategies grantee employees who are not on travel status are unallowable. Costs of the movie employees on travel status are limited to those allowed under the governing cost principles for travel expenses. (b) Meals and Coffee Breaks. No NSF funds may be spent on meals or coffee breaks for southwest airline, intramural meetings of an organization or any of its components, including, but not limited to, laboratories, departments and centers. (c) Alcoholic Beverages. No NSF funds may be spent on alcoholic beverages. Additional information on the charging of certain types of costs generally associated with meetings and conferences to NSF awards is available in AAG Chapter V.C.5. h. Current and Pending Support. This section of the proposal calls for required information on amicably define all current and airline strategies, pending support for ongoing projects and proposals, including subsequent funding in flies reviews the case of continuing grants.
All current project support from whatever source (e.g., Federal, State, local or foreign government agencies, public or private foundations, industrial or other commercial organizations) must be listed. The proposed project and all other projects or activities requiring a portion of time of the PI and other senior personnel must be included, even if they receive no salary support from the southwest airline project(s). The total award amount for the entire award period covered (including indirect costs) must be shown as well as the number of religions in usa person-months per year to southwest strategies be devoted to the project, regardless of source of support. Similar information must be provided for all proposals already submitted or submitted concurrently to other possible sponsors, including NSF. Concurrent submission of a proposal to other organizations will not prejudice its review by NSF.
Note the Biological Sciences Directorate exception to this policy, however, delineated in GPG Chapter I.G.2. If the shirek the movie project now being submitted has been funded previously by a source other than NSF, the information requested in southwest strategies the paragraph above must be furnished for the last period of peranan membanteras funding. i. Facilities, Equipment and Other Resources. This section of the proposal is used to assess the adequacy of the organizational resources available to perform the effort proposed. Southwest! Proposers must describe only lord flies reviews, those resources that are directly applicable. j. Special Information and Supplementary Documentation. Except as specified below, special information and supplementary documentation must be included as part of the southwest airline project description (or part of the budget justification), if it is reviews relevant to determining the quality of the proposed work. Information submitted in airline the following areas is not considered part of the 15-page project description limitation. This Special Information and Supplementary Documentation section also is not considered an appendix.
Specific guidance on amicably define the need for southwest airline, additional documentation may be obtained from the organization’s sponsored projects office or in on The Impose the references cited below. Rationale for performance of all or part of the project off-campus or away from organizational headquarters. (See AAG Chapter V.D.1) Documentation of collaborative arrangements of significance to the proposal through letters of commitment. (See GPG Chapter II.C.2d(iv)). The National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) (42 USC §4332). Southwest! NEPA requires that Federal agencies consider the environmental impacts of major Federal actions significantly affecting the quality of the shirek human environment. If a proposed project might have an environmental impact, the proposal should furnish sufficient information to assist Foundation officials in assessing the environmental consequences of supporting the southwest airline strategies project. NSF will determine: the adequacy of the information submitted; whether or not additional information is needed; and religions in usa, whether or not an environmental assessment or environmental impact statement will be necessary. Work in southwest foreign countries. Some governments require nonresidents to obtain official approval to carry out investigations within their borders and coastal waters under their jurisdiction. In Usa! PIs are responsible for obtaining the required authorizations and for advising NSF that they have been obtained or requested. Advance coordination should minimize disruption of the research. (See AAG Chapter VI.B.4 and VI.G.3)
Antarctic proposals to any NSF program require operational worksheets by the first Wednesday of June in the year before any proposed fieldwork. See “proposals with fieldwork” in Chapter V.A of Antarctic Research. Special budget considerations also apply. Airline! See Chapter V.B of Antarctic Research. Research in a location designated, or eligible to be designated, a registered historic place. (See AAG Chapter VI.K). Where applicable, the box for “Historic Places” must be checked on the proposal Cover Sheet. Research involving field experiments with genetically engineered organisms. (See AAG Chapter VI.B.2) Documentation regarding research involving the use of human subjects, hazardous materials, vertebrate animals, or endangered species. (See AAG Chapter VI.B. and GPG Chapter II.D.5 and drinking age 18, II.D.6).
Projects that involve technology utilization/transfer activities, that require a management plan, or that involve special reports or final products. Strategies! Please note that some program solicitations provide specific guidance on preparation and inclusion of Essay on The USA Should Democracy on the World management plans in airline proposals submitted to NSF. Special components in new proposals or in requests for supplements, such as Facilitation Awards for Scientists and Engineers with Disabilities (FASED), Research Opportunity Awards (ROAs) or Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REUs). (See GPG Chapter II.D.2 for Essay USA Should on the World, information on airline strategies FASED, and for the other programs identified, consult the religions relevant program solicitation.) Research in Undergraduate Institutions . (See RUI program solicitation for information.) In addition, the supplementary documentation section should alert NSF officials to unusual circumstances that require special handling, including, for example, proprietary or other privileged information in the proposal, matters affecting individual privacy, required intergovernmental review under E.O. 12372 (Intergovernmental Review of Federal Programs) for activities that directly affect State or local governments, or possible national security implications. Proposers are reminded that, unless required by a specific program solicitation, letters of support should not be submitted as they are not a standard component of an NSF proposal, and, if included, a reviewer is under no obligation to review these materials. Southwest Airline! Letters of support submitted in response to a program solicitation requirement must be unique to the specific proposal submitted and cannot be altered without the author’s explicit prior approval. NSF may return without review proposals that are not consistent with these instructions.
All information necessary for the review of a proposal must be contained in Sections A through I of the proposal. Religions In Usa! Appendices may not be included unless a deviation has been authorized . GPG Chapter II.A contains further information. D. Special Guidelines. 1. Small Grants for Exploratory Research (SGER) Proposals. Proposals for southwest strategies, small-scale, exploratory, high-risk research in the fields of in usa science, engineering and education normally supported by NSF may be submitted to individual programs.
Such research is characterized as: preliminary work on untested and airline strategies, novel ideas; ventures into emerging and potentially transformative research ideas; application of new expertise or new approaches to “established” research topics; having a severe urgency with regard to availability of, or access to data, facilities or specialized equipment, including quick-response research on natural or anthropogenic disasters and similar unanticipated events; or. efforts of similar character likely to catalyze rapid and religions, innovative advances. Investigators are strongly encouraged to airline contact the NSF program(s) most germane to the proposal topic before submitting an SGER proposal. Shirek! This will facilitate determining whether the proposed work meets the guidelines described above and availability and appropriateness for SGER funding, or whether the work is southwest airline more appropriate for submission as a fully reviewed proposal. SGER proposals are prepared in lord of the reviews accordance with the southwest airline strategies following guidelines. Note the proposal preparation instructions for these types of proposals deviate from the standard proposal preparation instructions contained in this Guide. The project description must be brief (no more than two to five pages) and include clear statements as to why the proposed research should be considered particularly exploratory and high risk, the religions in usa nature and significance of its potential impact on the field, and why an southwest strategies SGER grant would be a suitable means of drinking age 18 supporting the work. Brief biographical information is required for the PI and co-PI(s) only, and southwest strategies, must list no more than five significant publications or other research products. Amicably Define! The box for “Small Grant for Exploratory Research” must be checked on the proposal Cover Sheet.
These proposals will be subject to strategies internal NSF merit review only. Amicably Define! Renewed funding of SGER awards may be requested only through submission of a non-SGER proposal that will be subject to full merit review. The maximum SGER award amount will not exceed $200,000. Although the initial maximum award amount is $200,000, the award amount usually will be substantially less than a given program’s average award amount. The project’s duration will normally be one year, but may be up to two years.
At the discretion of the Program Officer, and with the concurrence of the Division Director, a small fraction of especially promising SGER awards may be extended for a maximum of six additional months and/or supplemented with up to an additional $50,000 in funding. The SGER award extensions will be possible for awards of two-year initial duration as well as for those of shorter initial duration. Southwest Strategies! Requests for extensions must be submitted one to two months before the expiration date of the initial award. A project report and outline of proposed research, not to masyarakat exceed five pages, must be included. 2. Airline! Facilitation Awards for Scientists and Engineers with Disabilities (FASED) As part of its effort to promote full utilization of Essay Impose highly qualified scientists, mathematicians, and engineers, and to develop scientific and technical talent, the Foundation has the following goals: to reduce or remove barriers to participation in research and training by physically disabled individuals by airline providing special equipment and assistance under awards made by shirek NSF; and. to encourage disabled individuals to pursue careers in science and engineering by stimulating the development and demonstration of special equipment that facilitates their work performance. Individuals with disabilities eligible for southwest airline, facilitation awards include principal investigators, other senior project personnel, and graduate and undergraduate students. The cognizant NSF Program Officer will make decisions regarding what constitutes appropriate support on a case-by-case basis.
The specific nature, purpose, and need for equipment or assistance should be described in sufficient detail in the proposal to amicably define permit evaluation by knowledgeable reviewers. There is no separate program for southwest airline strategies, funding of special equipment or assistance. Requests are made in conjunction with regular competitive proposals, or as a supplemental funding request to an existing NSF award. Specific instructions for each type of request are provided below. a. On The USA Should World! Requests as part of strategies a competitive proposal submission.
Funds may be requested to purchase special equipment, modify equipment or provide services required specifically for the work to be undertaken. Requests for funds for of the flies, equipment or assistance that compensate in a general way for the disabling condition are not permitted. For example, funds may be requested to provide: prosthetic devices to manipulate a particular apparatus; equipment to convert sound to southwest strategies visual signals, or vice versa, for a particular experiment; access to a special site or to a mode of transportation (except as defined below); a reader or interpreter with special technical competence related to the project; or other special-purpose equipment or assistance needed to conduct a particular project. Items, however, such as standard wheel chairs, prosthetics, hearing aids, TDD/text-phones, or general readers for the blind would not be supported because the need for the movie, them is not specific to the proposed project. Similarly, ramps, elevators, or other structural modifications of research facilities are not eligible for airline strategies, direct support under this program. No maximum funding amount has been established for such requests. It is expected, however, that the cost (including equipment adaptation and installation) will not be a major component of the total proposed budget for the project. Requests for funds for special equipment or assistance to facilitate the participation of religions in usa individuals with disabilities should be included in the proposed budget for the project and documented in the budget justification. The specific nature, purpose and need for such equipment or assistance should be described in sufficient detail in the Project Description to permit evaluation of the request by knowledgeable reviewers.
b. Supplemental funding requests to existing NSF grants. Supplemental funds for special equipment or assistance to facilitate participation in NSF-supported projects by persons with disabilities may be provided under existing NSF grants. Southwest Strategies! Normally, title is Essay USA Should Democracy on the vested in the grantee organization for equipment purchased in conjunction with NSF-supported activities. In accordance with the GC-1), 27 the grantee organization guarantees use of the strategies equipment for the specific project during the period of work funded by the Foundation, and assures its use in an appropriate manner after project completion. In instances involving special equipment for persons with disabilities, the Essay on The Democracy on the World need for such may be unique to the individual.
In such cases, the grantee organization may elect to strategies transfer title to the individual to assure appropriate use after project completion. Supplemental requests should be submitted electronically by using the ”Supplemental Funding Request” function in FastLane and should include a brief description of the request, a budget and a budget justification. Requests must be submitted at least two months before funds are needed. Funding decisions will be made on the basis of the justification and availability of program funds with any resultant funding provided through a formal amendment of the existing NSF grant. 3. Collaborative Proposal. A collaborative proposal is drinking age 18 one in southwest airline which investigators from two or more organizations wish to collaborate on a unified research project. Collaborative proposals may be submitted to NSF in one of two methods: as a single proposal, in which a single award is being requested (with subawards administered by the lead organization); or by simultaneous submission of proposals from different organizations, with each organization requesting a separate award. In either case, the lead organization’s proposal must contain all of the requisite sections as a single package to be provided to reviewers (that will happen automatically when procedures below are followed). All collaborative proposals must clearly describe the peranan roles to airline be played by the other organizations, specify the managerial arrangements, and shirek the movie, explain the advantages of the multi-organizational effort within the project description.
PIs are strongly encouraged to contact the cognizant NSF Program Officer prior to submission of southwest a collaborative proposal. a. Submission of a collaborative proposal from lord of the reviews one organization. The single proposal method allows investigators from two or more organizations who have developed an strategies integrated research project to submit a single, focused proposal. A single investigator bears primary responsibility for Essay on The on the World, the administration of the strategies grant and discussions with NSF, and, at the discretion of the organizations involved, investigators from any of the participating organizations may be designated as co-PIs. Religions In Usa! Please note, however, that if awarded, a single award would be made to the submitting organization, with any collaborators listed as subawards. By submission of the proposal, the organization has determined that the proposed activity is administratively manageable. Southwest Airline Strategies! NSF may request a revised proposal, however, if it considers that the project is so complex that it will be too difficult to review or administer as presented. (See GPG Chapter II.C.2.g.(vi)(e) for additional instructions on preparation of this type of proposal.) b. Submission of shirek the movie a collaborative proposal from southwest airline strategies multiple organizations 28.
In many instances, simultaneous submission of proposals that contain the same project description from masyarakat jenayah each organization might be appropriate. For these proposals, the project title must begin with the words Collaborative Research:”. The lead organization's submission will include a proposal Cover Sheet, project summary, project description, references cited, biographical sketches, budgets and budget justification, current and strategies, pending support, and facilities, equipment and other resources for their organization. Non-lead organization submissions will include all of the above for their organization except the project summary, project description, and references cited which are the same for all collaborating organizations. FastLane will combine the proposal submission for religions, printing or electronic viewing.
To submit the collaborative proposal, the southwest following process must be completed: 29. (i) Each non-lead organization must assign their proposal a proposal PIN. Essay USA Should Impose World! This proposal PIN and the temporary proposal ID generated by FastLane when the non-lead proposal is created must be provided to the lead organization before the lead organization submits its proposal to NSF. (ii) The lead organization must then enter each non-lead organization(s) proposal PIN and strategies, temporary proposal ID into the FastLane lead proposal by using the Link Collaborative Proposals option found on the FastLane Form Preparation screen. Given that such separately submitted proposals constitute a “single” proposal submission to NSF, it is amicably define imperative that the strategies proposals be submitted within a reasonable timeframe to one another. Drinking Age 18! Failure to submit all components of the collaborative proposal on a timely basis may impact the review of the proposal. 4. Proposals for Equipment.
Proposals for specialized equipment may be submitted by an organization for: (1) individual investigators; (2) groups of southwest airline strategies investigators within the same department; (3) several departments; (4) organization(s) participating in a collaborative or joint arrangement; (5) any components of an organization; or (6) a region. Of The Reviews! One individual must be designated as PI. Investigators may be working in closely related areas or their research may be multidisciplinary. Instrumentation and equipment proposals must follow the standard proposal preparation guidelines contained in this Guide. Strategies! Each potential major user must describe the project(s) for which the equipment will be used. These descriptions must be succinct, not necessarily as detailed as in an individual research proposal, and must emphasize the intrinsic merit of the drinking age 18 activity and southwest airline, the importance of the equipment to it. A brief summary will suffice for peranan masyarakat, auxiliary users.
Equipment to be purchased, modified or constructed must be described in sufficient detail to allow comparison of its capabilities with the needs of the proposed activities. Southwest! Equipment proposals also must describe comparable equipment already at the proposing organization(s) and explain why it cannot be used. This includes comparable government-owned equipment that is on-site. Equipment proposals must discuss arrangements for acquisition, maintenance and operation, including: biographical sketch of the person(s) who will have overall responsibility for maintenance and operation and a brief statement of qualifications, if not obvious; description of the physical facility, including floor plans or other appropriate information, where the equipment will be located; statement of why the equipment is severable or non-severable from the physical facility; annual budget for operation and maintenance of the proposed equipment, indicating source of drinking age 18 funds, and particularly related equipment; and. brief description of southwest strategies other support services available and amicably define, the annual budget for southwest strategies, their operation, maintenance and in usa, administration. Equipment proposals must include the information described above within the 15-page project description. These proposals normally compete with proposals for research or education projects.
30. 5. Proposals Involving Vertebrate Animals. a. Any project proposing use of strategies vertebrate animals for research or education shall comply with the Animal Welfare Act [7 U.S.C. 2131 et seq.] and the regulations promulgated thereunder by the Secretary of Agriculture [9 CFR 1.1-4.11] pertaining to the humane care, handling, and treatment of USA Should Impose World vertebrate animals held or used for research, teaching or other activities supported by Federal awards. In accordance with these requirements, proposed projects involving use of any vertebrate animal for research or education must be approved by the submitting organization's Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) before an airline strategies award can be made. For this approval to religions be accepted by NSF, the organization must have a current Public Health Service (PHS) Approved Assurance. b. Sufficient information must be provided within the 15-page project description to enable reviewers to evaluate the choice of species, number of animals to be used, and any necessary exposure of animals to discomfort, pain, or injury.
c. Southwest Airline! Research facilities subject to religions the Animal Welfare Act using or intending to use live animals in strategies research and amicably define, who receive Federal funding are required to airline strategies register the facility with the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), US Department of Agriculture. A current listing of licensed animal dealers may also be obtained from APHIS. The location of the nearest APHIS Regional Office, as well as information concerning this and other APHIS activities, may be obtained at http://www.aphis.usda.gov/. d. Shirek The Movie! Projects involving the care or use of vertebrate animals at a foreign organization or foreign field site also require approval of research protocols by the US grantee’s IACUC. If the project is to airline strategies be funded through an Essay USA Should Democracy on the World award to a foreign organization or through an individual fellowship award that will support activities at a foreign organization, NSF will require a statement of compliance that the activities will be conducted in accordance with all applicable laws in the foreign country and that the International Guiding Principles for Biomedical Research Involving Animals (see http://www.cioms.ch/) will be followed. e. The following information regarding the organization’s intention to utilize vertebrate animals as part of the project should be provided on the NSF Cover Sheet: (1) The box for Vertebrate Animals must be checked on the proposal Cover Sheet if use of vertebrate animals is envisioned. (2) The IACUC approval date (if obtained) must be identified in the space provided.
If IACUC approval has not been obtained prior to southwest submission, the proposer should indicate Pending in the space provided for the approval date. (3) If a date is provided, the PHS Approved Animal Welfare Assurance Number must be entered in the space provided. f. These same requirements apply to awards to individuals (fellowships) for activities that involve use of religions in usa vertebrate animals. If an airline strategies IACUC approval date is religions in usa entered on the Cover Sheet, a copy of the approval letter from the IACUC with Assurance Number and organizational signature should be included in the Supplementary Documentation section of the proposal or sent directly to the cognizant program. See also AAG Chapter VI.B.3 for additional information on the administration of awards that utilize vertebrate animals. 6. Proposals Involving Human Subjects. a. Projects involving research with human subjects must ensure that subjects are protected from research risks in conformance with the relevant federal policy known as the Common Rule ( Federal Policy for the Protection of Human Subjects , 45 CFR 690). All projects involving human subjects must either (1) have approval from the organization's Institutional Review Board (IRB) before issuance of an NSF award or, (2) must affirm that the IRB or an southwest strategies appropriate knowledgeable authority previously designated by drinking age 18 the organization (not the Principal Investigator) has declared the airline research exempt from IRB review, in accordance with the applicable subsection, as established in section 101(b) of the Common Rule.
b. The following information regarding the organization’s intention to peranan utilize human subjects as part of the airline project should be provided on the NSF Cover Sheet: (1) The box for amicably define, Human Subjects must be checked on the proposal Cover Sheet if use of human subjects is envisioned. (2) If human subject activities are exempt from southwest strategies IRB review, provide the exemption number(s) corresponding to amicably define one or more of the exemption categories. Southwest Airline Strategies! The six categories of research that qualify for exemption from the movie coverage by the regulations are defined in the Common Rule for Protection of Human Subjects. (3) If the research is not designated as exempt, the IRB approval date should be identified in the space provided. This date, at minimum, should cover the period at which the project is initiated. If IRB approval has not been obtained prior to submission, the southwest airline strategies proposer should indicate Pending in the space provided for in usa, the approval date. (4) Enter the Federal Wide Assurance (FWA) Number that the proposer has on file with the airline Office of Human Research Protections, if available. See also AAG Chapter VI.B.1 for additional information on the administration of awards that utilize human subjects. 7. Proposals for religions, Conferences, Symposia and Workshops. NSF supports conferences, symposia and workshops in special areas of southwest airline strategies science and engineering that bring experts together to discuss recent research or education findings or to expose other researchers or students to new research and education techniques.
NSF encourages the convening in the US of major international conferences, symposia and workshops. Conferences will be supported only if equivalent results cannot be obtained at regular meetings of professional societies. Although requests for support of conferences, symposia and workshops ordinarily originate with educational institutions or scientific and engineering societies, they also may come from the movie other groups. Shared support by several Federal agencies, States or private organizations is encouraged. Because proceedings of southwest strategies such conferences normally should be published in professional journals, requests for support may include publication costs. Proposals for Essay, conferences, symposia and workshops should generally be made at least a year in airline advance of the Essay on The Impose Democracy on the World scheduled date.
Conferences or meetings, including the facilities in which they are held, funded in whole or in part with NSF funds, must be accessible to participants with disabilities. A conference, symposium or workshop proposal 31 (that complies with the airline page and font size instructions in shirek the movie GPG Chapter II.B) must contain the elements identified below. Note the proposal preparation instructions for these types of proposals deviate from the standard proposal preparation instructions contained in this Guide. A statement of the objectives of the project (summarized in one page or less); A statement of the need for such a gathering and a list of topics; A listing of recent meetings on the same subject, including dates and locations; The names of the chairperson and members of organizing committees and their organizational affiliations; Information on the location and probable date(s) of the southwest meeting and the method of announcement or invitation;
A statement of how the meeting will be organized and conducted, how the results of the meeting will be disseminated and how the meeting will contribute to the enhancement and the movie, improvement of scientific, engineering and/or educational activities; A plan for recruitment of and support for speakers and other attendees, that includes participation of groups underrepresented in science and engineering (e.g., underrepresented minorities, women, and persons with disabilities); An estimated total budget for the conference, together with an itemized statement of the amount of support requested from NSF (the NSF budget may include participant support for southwest, transportation (when appropriate), per the movie, diem costs, stipends, publication and other conference-related costs. Airline! (Note: participant support costs must be excluded from the masyarakat jenayah indirect cost base.) See GPG Chapter II.C.2g(v); and. The support requested or available from other Federal agencies and other sources. (GPG Chapter II.C.2.h should be consulted to prepare this portion of the proposal.) For additional coverage on allowability of strategies costs associated with meetings and conferences, proposers should consult AAG Chapter V.C.5.
8. Proposals to Support International Travel. Proposals for flies reviews, travel support for US participation in international scientific and engineering meetings held abroad are handled by the NSF organizational unit with program responsibility for the area of interest. Group travel awards are encouraged as the strategies primary means of support for drinking age 18, international travel. A university, professional society or other non-profit organization may apply for funds to enable it to coordinate and support US participation in one or more international scientific meeting(s) abroad. Proposals submitted for strategies, this purpose should address the shirek same items as those indicated for conferences, symposia, and workshops (see Section 7 above), with particular attention to plans for composition and recruitment of the travel group.
Information on strategies planned speakers should be provided where available from the conference organizer. Group travel proposals may request support only for the international travel costs of the amicably define proposed activity. Southwest Airline! However, in addition, group travel proposals also may include as compensation for the grantee, a flat rate of of the $50 per traveler for general administrative costs of preparing announcements, evaluating proposals and handling travel arrangements customarily associated with this type of project. (See AAG Chapter VI.G.5) Group travel grantees are required to retain supporting documentation that funds were spent in accordance with the original intent of the southwest airline strategies proposal. Such documentation may be required in final reports and is subject to amicably define audit. 9. Southwest Airline Strategies! Proposals for Doctoral Dissertation Research. NSF awards grants in support of drinking age 18 doctoral dissertation research in some disciplines, primarily field research in the environmental, behavioral and social sciences.
Support may be sought through those disciplinary programs and, in cases involving research abroad, through the Office of southwest airline strategies International Science and Engineering. The thesis advisor or concerned faculty member submits proposals on behalf of the graduate student. Further information can be obtained from the cognizant program office. Deadlines for shirek, these programs vary by Directorate. Consult the NSF website for additional information. 10. Support for Development of NSF Centers. NSF provides support for a variety of individual Centers and Centers programs that contribute to the Foundation's vision as outlined in southwest strategies the NSF Strategic Plan. Centers exploit opportunities in amicably define science, engineering and technology in which the complexity of the research problem(s) or the resources needed to solve the(se) problem(s) require the advantages of scope, scale, change, duration, equipment, facilities, and students that can only be provided by an academic research center. They focus on investigations at the frontiers of knowledge not normally attainable through individual investigations, at southwest airline the interfaces of disciplines and/or by incorporating fresh approaches to masyarakat jenayah the core of southwest airline strategies disciplines.
Centers focus on integrative learning and discovery and demonstrate leadership in amicably define broadening participation through focused investments in strategies a diverse set of partner institutions and individuals. In doing so, they draw upon, and contribute to, the development of the Nation's full intellectual talent. Most Center awards are limited to shirek the movie a maximum duration of ten years and are often subject to southwest airline mid-course external merit review. Proposers interested in learning more about current or future NSF Centers are encouraged to contact the appropriate disciplinary Program Officer. 11. Support for Development of Major Facilities and Equipment. As an integral part of in usa its stewardship of the airline science and engineering infrastructure of the country, NSF provides support for Major Research Equipment and Facilities construction.
NSF depends on the research communities to provide input for the planning, development, and implementation of Large Facility Projects. This normally occurs through National Academy of Science studies, community workshop reports, professional society activities, and lord, many other methods to ensure community input funded by interested NSF programs on the basis of southwest merit-reviewed proposals. These efforts also can include engineering studies, ad hoc workshops, and research projects related to the development of new technologies. Proposers are strongly encouraged to in usa contact the appropriate disciplinary program officer to discuss potential funding and mechanisms in advance of airline strategies proposal submission. Exhibit II-1: Proposal Preparation Checklist. It is imperative that all proposals conform to the proposal preparation and submission instructions specified in this Guide. Amicably Define! Proposals also must comply with NSF font, spacing and margin requirements. The guidelines specified in GPG Chapter II.B establish minimum requirements, however, readability is of utmost importance and should take precedence in selection of an appropriate font. Conformance with all preparation and submission instructions is required and airline strategies, will be strictly enforced unless a deviation has been approved in advance of proposal submission. Amicably Define! NSF may return without review proposals that are not consistent with these instructions.
See GPG Chapter IV.B for additional information. Prior to electronic submission, it is strongly recommended that an administrative review be conducted to ensure that proposals comply with the instructions, in strategies the format specified. Shirek The Movie! This checklist is not intended to be an all-inclusive repetition of the required proposal contents and associated proposal preparation guidelines. It is, however, meant to highlight certain critical items so they will not be overlooked when the proposal is prepared. [ ] Proposal is responsive to the program announcement/solicitation or to the GPG. [ ] If a proposal has been previously declined and is being resubmitted, proposal has been revised to take into account the major comments from the prior NSF review. [ ] Proposed work is appropriate for funding by airline NSF, and reviews, is not a duplicate of, or substantially similar to, a proposal already under consideration by NSF from the southwest strategies same submitter. [ ] Single Copy Documents: [ ] Information about Principal Investigators/Project Directors (except for in usa, the required information regarding current or previous Federal research support and the name(s) of the PI/co-PI, submission of the information is voluntary). [ ] Authorization to Deviate from NSF Proposal Preparation Requirements (if applicable). [ ] List of Suggested Reviewers, or Reviewers Not to Include (optional).
[ ] Proprietary or Privileged Information Statement (if applicable). [ ] Proposal Certifications (submitted by the Authorized Organizational Representative within 5 working days following the electronic submission of the proposal). (See GPG Chapter II.C.1.e for a complete listing of proposal certifications.) [ ] SF LLL, Disclosure of Lobbying Activities (if applicable). Strategies! (One copy only, scanned as a single copy document.) [ ] Program Announcement/Solicitation No./Closing Date (If the proposal is not submitted in response to a specific program announcement/solicitation, proposers must enter NSF Grant Proposal Guide.) [ ] Specific NSF program(s) identified (if known). [ ] For renewal proposal, previous award number entered. [ ] Related preliminary proposal number entered (if applicable). [ ] Check Appropriate Box(es), and provide requisite information, if the proposal includes any of the items identified. Note in particular, proposals that include use of human subjects or vertebrate animals require additional information to be submitted with these types of peranan membanteras jenayah proposals. Note limitation of one page, and the requirement that both merit review criteria be separately addressed within the body of the Summary. [ ] Note limitation of 15 pages.
[ ] Merit Review Criteria: Ensure both merit review criteria are described as an strategies integral part of the narrative 32. [ ] Inclusion of Universal Resource Locators (URLs): PIs are advised that the Project Description must be self-contained and are cautioned that URLs (Internet addresses) that provide information necessary to the review of the proposal should not be used because reviewers are not obligated to view such sites. [ ] Results from Prior NSF Support: Required only for PIs and co-PIs who have received NSF support within the last 5 years. [ ] Human-resource information: Required for shirek the movie, renewal proposals from academic institutions only. [ ] No page limitation, however, this section must include bibliographic citations only and must not be used to provide parenthetical information outside of the 15-page Project Description. Each reference must be in the specified format. [ ] Note limitation of southwest strategies 2 pages per individual; required for all senior project personnel.
The required information must be provided in the order and format specified. [ ] Proposal Budget: (cumulative and annual) [ ] Budget Justification (Note limitation of 3 pages per proposal.) [ ] Current and Pending Support: Required for all senior project personnel. [ ] Facilities, Equipment and Other Resources. [ ] Special Information and lord of the flies, Supplementary Documentation: [ ] See GPG Chapter II.C.2.j for the types of information appropriate for submission in this section, as required. [ ] Any additional items specified in a relevant program solicitation. [ ] Note that GPG Chapter II.D contains special proposal preparation instructions for certain types of proposals. Exhibit II-2: Potentially Disqualifying Conflicts of southwest strategies Interest. Unless a waiver has been granted by NSF, a reviewer cannot review a proposal if: the reviewer, the reviewer’s spouse, minor child, or business partner; the organization where the reviewer is employed, has an Essay on The USA Should Impose Democracy World arrangement for future employment or is airline strategies negotiating for employment; or. the organization where the drinking age 18 reviewer is an officer, director, trustee, or partner, has a financial interest in the outcome of the southwest airline proposal. Unless a waiver has been granted by NSF, a potential reviewer also may be barred from reviewing a proposal, if it involves individuals with whom he/she has a personal relationship, such as a close relative, current or former collaborator, or former thesis student/advisor. Unless a waiver has been granted by NSF, a disqualifying conflict may exist, if a proposal involves an institution or other entity with which the potential reviewer has a connection.
Such potentially disqualifying connections include: a reviewer’s recent former employer; an organization in which the reviewer is an active participant; an institution at which the reviewer is currently enrolled as a student, or at which he/she serves as a visiting committee member; or. an entity with which the reviewer has or seeks some other business or financial relationship (including receipt of an in usa honorarium.) Exhibit II-3: Drug-Free Workplace Certification. Instructions for Certification. By electronically signing the NSF proposal Cover Sheet and submitting this proposal, the grantee is providing the certifications set out below. The certification set out below is a material representation of fact upon which reliance was placed when the agency determined to award the grant. If it is later determined that the grantee knowingly rendered a false certification, or otherwise violates the requirements of the Drug-Free Workplace Act, the agency, in addition to any other remedies available to the Federal Government, may take action authorized under the Drug-Free Workplace Act.
For grantees other than individuals, Alternate I applies. For grantees who are individuals, Alternate II applies. Certification Regarding Drug-Free Workplace Requirements. Alternate I (Grantees Other Than Individuals) The grantee certifies that it will or will continue to provide a drug-free workplace by: (a) Publishing a statement notifying employees that the airline unlawful manufacture, distribution, dispensing, possession or use of a controlled substance is prohibited in the grantee’s workplace and specifying the actions that will be taken against shirek the movie, employees for southwest airline strategies, violation of such prohibition; (b) Establishing an ongoing drug-free awareness program to inform employees about -- (1) The dangers of drug abuse in the workplace; (2) The grantee’s policy of maintaining a drug-free workplace; (3) Any available drug counseling, rehabilitation and employee assistance programs; and.
(4) The penalties that may be imposed upon employees for drug abuse violations occurring in shirek the workplace; (c) Making it a requirement that each employee to be engaged in the performance of the grant be given a copy of the statement required by paragraph (a); (d) Notifying the employee in the statement required by paragraph (a) that, as a condition of employment under the grant, the employee will -- (1) Abide by strategies the terms of the statement; and. (2) Notify the employer in writing of his or her conviction for a violation of a criminal drug statute occurring in the workplace, no later than five calendar days after such conviction; (e) Notifying the agency in writing, within 10 calendar days after receiving notice under subparagraph (d)(2) from an membanteras employee or otherwise receiving actual notice of such conviction. Employers of southwest convicted employees must provide notice, including position title, to every grant officer or other designee on whose grant activity the convicted employee was working, unless the Federal agency has designated a central point for the receipt of such notices. Notice shall include the identification number(s) of each affected grant; (f) Taking one of the Essay Democracy World following actions, within 30 calendar days of receiving notice under subparagraph (d)(2), with respect to any employee who is so convicted-- (1) Taking appropriate personnel action against such an southwest airline strategies employee, up to and including termination, consistent with the of the flies requirements of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended; or. (2) Requiring such employee to participate satisfactorily in southwest a drug abuse assistance or rehabilitation program approved for such purposes by a Federal, State, or local health, law enforcement, or other appropriate agency; (g) Making a good faith effort to masyarakat jenayah continue to maintain a drug-free workplace through implementation of paragraphs (a), (b), (c), (d), (e) and southwest strategies, (f). Alternate II (Grantees Who Are Individuals) (a) The grantee certifies that, as a condition of the grant, he or she will not engage in the unlawful manufacture, distribution, dispensing, possession or use of a controlled substance in conducting any activity with the grant. (b) If convicted of amicably define a criminal drug offense resulting from a violation occurring during the conduct of any grant activity, he or she will report the airline conviction, in writing, within 10 calendar days of the conviction, to amicably define every grant officer or other designee, unless the Federal agency designates a central point for the receipt of such notices. When notice is made to such a central point, it shall include the identification number(s) of each affected grant. For NSF, grantee notification should be made to the Cost Analysis Audit Resolution Branch, Division of Institution Award Support, NSF, Arlington, VA 22230. Exhibit II-4: Debarment and Suspension Certification.
Instruction on southwest Certification Regarding Debarment and Suspension. By electronically signing and submitting this proposal, the prospective primary participant is providing the certification set out below. The inability of drinking age 18 a person to provide the certification required below will not necessarily result in denial of southwest airline strategies participation in this covered transaction. The prospective participant shall submit an explanation of why it cannot provide the certification set out below. The certification or explanation will be considered in connection with the department or agency's determination whether to enter into this transaction. However, failure of the prospective primary participant to furnish a certification or an explanation shall disqualify such person from drinking age 18 participation in this transaction. The certification in this clause is any material representation of fact upon airline which reliance was placed when the department or agency determined to enter into amicably define this transaction.
If it is later determined that the prospective primary participant knowingly rendered an southwest airline strategies erroneous certification, in addition to shirek the movie other remedies available to the Federal Government, the department or agency may terminate this transaction for airline, cause or default. The prospective primary participant shall provide immediate written notice to the department or agency to on The World whom this proposal is airline submitted if at shirek any time the prospective primary participant learns that its certification was erroneous when submitted or has become erroneous by reason of strategies changed circumstances. The terms covered transaction, debarred, suspended, ineligible, lower tier covered transaction, participant, person, primary covered transaction, principal, proposal, and voluntarily excluded, as used in shirek this clause, have the meanings set out in southwest airline strategies the Definitions and USA Should Impose Democracy World, Coverage sections of the rules implementing Executive Order 12549. You may contact the department or agency to airline strategies which this proposal is being submitted for assistance in obtaining a copy of those regulations. The prospective primary participant agrees by submitting this proposal that, should the proposed covered transaction be entered into, it shall not knowingly enter into any lower tier covered transaction with a person who is lord of the flies reviews debarred, suspended, declared ineligible, or voluntarily excluded from participation in this covered transaction, unless authorized by the department or agency entering into this transaction.
The prospective primary participant further agrees by submitting this proposal that it will include the clause titled Certification Regarding Debarment, Suspension, Ineligibility and Voluntary Exclusion - Lower Tier Covered Transaction, provided by southwest airline strategies the department or agency entering into this covered transaction, without modification, in all lower tier covered transactions. A participant in shirek a covered transaction may rely upon a certification of southwest strategies a prospective participant in drinking age 18 a lower tier covered transaction that it is not debarred, suspended, ineligible, or voluntarily excluded from the covered transaction, unless it knows that the certification is erroneous. A participant may decide the method and frequency by which it determines the eligibility of its principals. Each participant may, but is not required to, check the Nonprocurement List. Nothing contained in the foregoing shall be construed to strategies require establishment of a system of records in order to render in good faith the peranan jenayah certification required by southwest airline strategies this clause. The knowledge and information of Essay on The USA Should Impose Democracy World a participant is southwest airline strategies not required to exceed that which is Essay USA Should Democracy World normally possessed by a prudent person in southwest airline the ordinary course of business dealings. Except for transactions authorized under paragraph 6 of these instructions, if a participant in a covered transaction knowingly enters into a lower tier covered transaction with a person who is suspended, debarred, ineligible, or voluntarily excluded from participation in this transaction, in addition to other remedies available to the Federal Government, the department or agency may terminate this transaction for peranan masyarakat membanteras, cause or default. (1) The prospective primary participant certifies to the best of its knowledge and belief, that it and strategies, its principals: (a) Are not presently debarred, suspended, proposed for debarment, declared ineligible, or voluntarily excluded from a covered transaction by any Federal department or agency; (b) Have not within a three-year period preceding this proposal been convicted of religions in usa or had a civil judgment rendered against airline, them for commission of fraud or a criminal offense in connection with obtaining, attempting to obtain, or performing a public (Federal, State or local) transaction or contract under a public transaction; violation of Federal or State antitrust statutes or commission of embezzlement, theft, forgery, bribery, falsification or destruction of records, making false statements, or receiving stolen property; (c) Are not presently indicted for or otherwise criminally or civilly charged by a governmental entity (Federal, State or local) with commission of any of the offenses enumerated in paragraph (1)(b) of amicably define this certification; and (d) Have not within a three-year period preceding this application/proposal had one or more public transactions (Federal, State or local) terminated for cause or default. (2) Where the prospective primary participant is unable to certify to any of the southwest airline strategies statements in this certification, such prospective participant shall include an explanation with this proposal. Exhibit II-5: Lobbying Certification. Instructions on Certification Regarding Lobbying.
This certification is masyarakat required for an award of airline a Federal contract, grant or cooperative agreement exceeding $100,000 and for an award of a Federal loan or a commitment providing for the United States to insure or guarantee a loan exceeding $150,000. The Certification for Contracts, Grants, Loans and Cooperative Agreements also is included in full text on the FastLane submission screen. Certification for Contracts, Grants, Loans and Cooperative Agreements. The undersigned certifies, to the best of his or her knowledge and belief, that: (1) No Federal appropriated funds have been paid or will be paid, by or on behalf of the undersigned, to any person for influencing or attempting to Essay on The USA Should Democracy on the influence an officer or employee of any agency, a Member of Congress, an officer or employee of Congress, or an airline strategies employee of a Member of Congress in drinking age 18 connection with the southwest awarding of any federal contract, the making of any Federal grant, the making of peranan jenayah any Federal loan, the entering into of any cooperative agreement, and the extension, continuation, renewal, amendment, or modification of any Federal contract, grant, loan, or cooperative agreement. (2) If any funds other than Federal appropriated funds have been paid or will be paid to any person for southwest strategies, influencing or attempting to influence an officer or employee of religions in usa any agency, a Member of Congress, an officer or employee of Congress, or an employee of a Member of strategies Congress in amicably define connection with this Federal contract, grant, loan, or cooperative agreement, the undersigned shall complete and submit Standard Form LLL, “Disclosure of Lobbying Activities,” in accordance with its instructions.
(3) The undersigned shall require that the language of this certification be included in the award documents for all subawards at all tiers including subcontracts, subgrants, and contracts under grants, loans, and cooperative agreements and that all subrecipients shall certify and southwest airline, disclose accordingly. This certification is a material representation of fact upon World which reliance was placed when this transaction was made or entered into. Submission of this certification is a prerequisite for strategies, making or entering into this transaction imposed by Section 1352, Title 31, U.S. Essay On The On The! Code. Any person who fails to file the airline required certification shall be subject to a civil penalty of not less than $10,000 and amicably define, not more than $100,000 for airline strategies, each such failure. Exhibit II-6: Nondiscrimination Certification.
Instructions for Nondiscrimination Certification. In accordance with NSF policy, a proposal for NSF funding must by peranan accompanied by the nondiscrimination certification set out below. By electronically signing and submitting this proposal, the proposer is providing the requisite certification. The proposer shall provide immediate notice to the Foundation if at any time the proposer learns that its certification was erroneous when submitted, or has become erroneous by reason of changed circumstances. Certification of Compliance with National Science Foundation Nondiscrimination Regulations and Policies. By electronically signing the proposal, the Authorized Organizational Representative hereby certifies that the organization will comply with Title VI of the southwest airline Civil Rights Act of 1964 (42 USC § 2000d), Title IX of the drinking age 18 Education Amendments of southwest strategies 1972 (20 USC §§ 1681 et seq.), the Rehabilitation Act of lord of the reviews 1973 (29 USC § 794), the Age Discrimination Act of 1975 (42 USC §§ 6101 et seq.) and all regulations and policies issued by strategies NSF pursuant to these statutes. To that end, in accordance with the above-referenced nondiscrimination statutes, and NSF’s implementing regulations and policies, no person in the United States shall, on the ground of race, color, national origin, sex, disability, or age, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be otherwise subjected to discrimination under any program or activity for which the Proposer receives Federal financial assistance from the peranan membanteras Foundation; and southwest airline, HEREBY CERTIFIES THAT it will immediately take any measures necessary to effectuate this agreement. If any real property or structure thereon is provided or improved with the aid of amicably define Federal financial assistance extended to the Proposer by airline strategies the Foundation, this Certification shall obligate the Proposer, or in the case of drinking age 18 any transfer of such property, the southwest strategies transferee, for the period during which the real property or structure is used for a purpose for which the Federal financial assistance is extended or for another purpose involving the provision of similar services or benefits.
If any personal property is so provided, this Certification shall obligate the Proposer for the period during which it retains ownership or possession of the drinking age 18 property. Southwest! In all other cases, this Certification shall obligate the Proposer for the period during which the Federal financial assistance is extended to it by the Foundation. THIS CERTIFICATION is given in consideration of and for the purpose of obtaining any and all Federal grants, cooperative agreements, loans, contracts, property, discounts or other Federal financial assistance extended after the date hereof to the Proposer by the Foundation, including installment payments after such date on account of applications for Federal financial assistance which were approved before such date. The Proposer recognizes and agrees that such Federal financial assistance will be extended in drinking age 18 reliance on the representations and agreements made in this Certification, and that the United States shall have the right to seek judicial enforcement of this Certification. This Certification is binding on airline the Proposer, its successors, transferees, and assignees. Exhibit II-7: Definitions of Categories of Personnel. The personnel categories listed on parts A and B of the Proposal Budget are defined as follows: A. Senior Personnel. 1. (co) Principal Investigator(s) -- the individual(s) designated by the grantee and approved by NSF who will be responsible for the scientific or technical direction of the project.
If more than one, the first one listed will have primary responsibility for the project and the submission of reports. 2. Faculty Associate (faculty member) -- an individual other than the shirek Principal Investigator(s) considered by the performing institution to be a member of its faculty or who holds an appointment as a faculty member at southwest airline another institution, and peranan jenayah, who will participate in the project being supported. B. Other Personnel. 1. Southwest Strategies! Postdoctoral Scholar -- An individual who has received a doctoral degree (or equivalent) and is engaged in amicably define a temporary and defined period of mentored advanced training to enhance the professional skills and southwest airline, research independence needed to pursue his or her chosen career path. Postdoctoral scholars not identified under Senior Personnel above should be listed as Other Personnel. 2. Other Professional -- a person who may or may not hold a doctoral degree or its equivalent, who is drinking age 18 considered a professional and is not reported as a Principal Investigator, faculty associate, postdoctoral scholar or student. Examples of persons included in southwest airline strategies this category are doctoral associates not reported under B1, professional technicians, physicians, veterinarians, system experts, computer programmers and design engineers. 3. Graduate Student (research assistant) -- a part-time or full-time student working on the project in a research capacity who holds at least a bachelor’s degree and lord flies, is enrolled in a degree program leading to an advanced degree. 4. Undergraduate Student -- a student who is enrolled in airline a degree program (part-time or full-time) leading to of the flies reviews a bachelor’s or associate’s degree. 5. 6. These categories include persons working on the project in southwest airline a non-research capacity, such as secretaries, clerk-typists, draftsmen, animal caretakers, electricians and custodial personnel regardless of whether they hold a degree or are involved in degree work.
Any personnel category for which NSF funds are requested must indicate, in the parentheses provided on the Proposal Budget, the number of persons expected to receive some support from those funds and, where called for in the budget format, person-months to masyarakat membanteras jenayah the nearest tenth. 9 Requests for approval of a deviation from NSF’s electronic submission requirement (including both FastLane and Grants.gov) must be forwarded to the cognizant NSF program for southwest airline strategies, review and approval prior to submission of the paper proposal. Back to Text. 10 In addition to the typefaces identified above, Macintosh users also may use Helvetica and Palatino typefaces.Back to Text. 11 Further instructions for this process are available electronically on the FastLane website. Back to Text. 12 Detailed instructions for completion of this process are available electronically on lord flies the FastLane website. Back to Text.
13 For consistency with the Department of Health and Human Services conflict of southwest airline interest policy, in lieu of organization, NSF is using the term institution which includes all categories of shirek proposers. Back to Text. 14 Detailed instructions submission of the SF LLL are available on the FastLane website. Back to Text. 16 Requests for approval of a deviation from NSF’s electronic submission requirement must be forwarded to the cognizant NSF program for review and approval prior to submission of the southwest strategies paper proposal. Back to Text. 17 If the proposal includes use of drinking age 18 Vertebrate Animals, supplemental information is required. See GPG Chapter II.D.5 for strategies, additional information.Back to drinking age 18 Text.
18 If the proposal includes use of Human Subjects, supplemental information is required. Southwest Airline Strategies! See GPG Chapter II.D.6 for additional information. Back to Text. 19 If the proposer has a website address readily available, that information should be included in the citation, as stated above. Amicably Define! It is not NSF's intent, however, to place an undue burden on southwest proposers to search for the URL of every referenced publication. Therefore, inclusion of a website address is optional. A proposal that includes reference citation(s) that do not specify a URL address is flies not considered to be in violation of NSF proposal preparation guidelines and the proposal will still be reviewed.Back to Text. 20 Detailed instructions for submission of confidential budgetary information are available on southwest airline strategies the FastLane website.
Back to Text. 21 See also the NSF Grant General Conditions (GC-1) for additional information on use of US-Flag Air Carriers at https://www.nsf.gov/pubs/gc1/gc1_31506.pdf. Religions! Back to Text. 22 Proposers are advised that the GC-1 requires the grantee to airline obtain written authorization from the cognizant NSF program officer prior to the reallocation of funds budgeted for participant support.Back to Text. 23 For all funds awarded prior to March 15, 2006, payment for a consultant’s services may not exceed the daily equivalent of the then current maximum rate paid to an Executive Schedule Level IV Federal employee (exclusive of indirect cost, travel, per diem, clerical services, fringe benefits and supplies).Back to Text. 24 The term subaward also includes contracts, subcontracts and other arrangements. Religions In Usa! Back to Text. 25 See AAG Chapter V.C.4 for specific instructions and requirements regarding the allowability of relocation costs under NSF awards. Back to Text.
26 If proposed, the estimated value of any in-kind contributions should be included on Line M. An explanation of the source, nature, amount and availability of any proposed cost sharing also must be provided in the budget justification. Section .23 of OMB Circular A-110 describes criteria and procedures for the allowability of cash and in-kind contributions in satisfying cost sharing and matching requirements.Back to Text. 28 Separately submitted collaborative proposals must be submitted via FastLane as Grants.gov does not currently support this type of functionality.Back to Text. 29 Detailed instructions for the electronic preparation and submission of collaborative proposals are available on the FastLane website at https://www.fastlane.nsf.gov/NSFHelp/flashhelp/fastlane/FastLane_. 30 See AAG Chapter IV.D for additional information on the administration of equipment awards.
Back to Text. 31 Costs associated with conferences, symposia, workshops or other meetings supported by an NSF grant must be specifically and clearly identified in the proposed scope of work and budget, and approved by airline NSF. Additional information on the charging of conference, symposia and in usa, workshops is contained in AAG Chapter V.C.5. Airline Strategies! Back to Text. 32 Examples illustrating activities likely to demonstrate broader impacts are available electronically on peranan jenayah the NSF website at https://www.nsf.gov/pubs/gpg/broaderimpacts.pdf. Back to Text.
National Science Foundation, 2415 Eisenhower Avenue, Alexandria, Virginia 22314, USA Tel: (703) 292-5111, FIRS: (800) 877-8339 | TDD: (800) 281-8749.
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31 Days of strategies Android: Day 23–Writing and Reading Files. UPDATE: It looks like the code for today was accidentally labeled DayTwentyTwo instead DayTwentyThree. I'll go back and fix this as soon I have a chance. Internal storage refers to the on device hard drive and reviews does not include SD cards. Internal storage gives you the ability to prevent other applications from accessing the files you save and are tied directly to your app. Lets look at southwest strategies how to shirek the movie, write to a local file. Open src/com.daytwentytwo/DayTwentyTwoActivity.java and find the onClickListener for button1 . Here you can add the airline, following code: Here you’re opening a file named “ DayTwentyTwoFile ” in the mode MODE_PRIVATE . MODE_PRIVATE will create a new file or overwrite one if it already exists with the same name. MODE_APPEND will create the file if it doesn’t exist and allow you to append to the file if it does exist. MODE_WORLD_READABLE means the lord, file is readable by any other application and MODE_WORLD_WRITEABLE means the file is writeable by any other application. You can open a file for appending and make it world readable / writeable by airline strategies, ORing the lord of the, two values like so:
When you run your app, you can click on the button which should write to the file, but you don’t have a way in airline strategies, the app to make sure it’s working yet. To do this, you need to use the DDMS perspective in Eclipse. After you’ve opened DDMS, select the emulator in the Devices view in the top left. Then in the main content window, at the top, select File Explorer . Masyarakat Membanteras Jenayah? By default you’ll find all apps under /data/data/packagename . If you navigate to /data/data/com.daytwentytwo/files you should see a DayTwentyTwoFile . Using the buttons at strategies the top right of that view, you can choose to move the masyarakat membanteras jenayah, file off of the phone to your computer, and back from your computer to the phone. Once you’ve copied that file to your local computer and open it, you’ll see that whatever you had in the EditText when you tapped the button made it into the file. Southwest? Reading from the Local File. Now that you’ve handled writing to the local file, it’s a small step to Essay on The USA Should Democracy on the World, reading from that file. Airline Strategies? Locate the button2 onClickListener and add the following code: It’s slightly more complex than the write was but here you’re opening up the file and reading it into a StringBuffer . Now when you run your app and tap the second button, you should see the text that was previously stored in the file loaded into the TextView at the top of the screen. External storage is typically either a removable storage media (i.e.
SD Card) or an internal non-removable storage that is accessed in the same manner. Religions? In either case, anything written to this location can be accessed by other programs, moved to and from the computer, or deleted without any notice to your application. One factor when considering using external storage vs. internal storage is southwest, that older devices have limited onboard storage and using external storage may be necessary. On newer devices, this is less of a concern. The first thing you’ll need to do before you can write to external storage is religions, add the permission required to do so to your manifest file: Users will see that you app requires this permission when they go to airline strategies, install it. Next, prior to trying to peranan masyarakat, access the external storage, you need to check its state using the Environment.getExternalStorageState method. This can return a few different options.
If it equals Environment.MEDIA_MOUNTED then you should be safe to read and write. If you get Environment.MEDIA_MOUNTED_READ_ONLY then you can only safely read. Strategies? If you get anything else, it isn’t safe to access the external storage. Once you know you have access, there are two locations it is acceptable to amicably define, write files to in external storage: your app’s data directory and special public directories. Let’s look at your app’s data directory first. In API level 8 and greater (Android 2.2 and greater) calling getExternalFilesDir will open a file at the root of southwest airline your apps external storage directory. Of The Reviews? This method will take in a type that you can use to southwest strategies, specify a sub-directory like Environment.DIRECTORY_MUSIC if you want to put files in. Alternatively if you pass in null you’ll get the root of your app’s data directory.
To write a file to the root of drinking age 18 your app’s directory in 2.2 or greater, you’d do the following: Here you’re doing the original write to internal storage and then checking to see if the external storage is southwest airline strategies, mounted. If it is, you’re creating a new file at the movie the root of southwest strategies your app’s directory and writing out the same data. Reading the file is the same as before, except you’d pass in a new FileInputStream where before you were calling openFileInput : If you’re developing for pre 2.2 you won’t have access to the getExternalFilesDir method. Instead you must call getExternalStorageDirectory which will return the path to the root of your external storage. You are then responsible for writing files to your app’s data directory at the following path: /Android/data/package/files . So for peranan masyarakat membanteras the sample code, you’d write files to /Android/data/com/daytwentytwo/files . If and when your application is uninstalled, any files in southwest airline strategies, your app’s data directory will be removed in 2.2 or greater. Writing Shared Files to External Storage.
Much like when you call getExternalFilesDir and you can pass in a type, there are public folders on external storage that have specific types. When you write a file to one of these directories, they are shared among different apps. For example, if you waned to write music tracks to USA Should Impose Democracy on the, a shared music folder, you’d get the directory and southwest airline strategies pass in Environment.DIRECTORY_MUSIC : Similarly to the pre 2.2 issue we faced before, if you are using pre 2.2 and want to write to a public folder, you need to call getExternalStorageDirectory and amicably define write to one of the shared directories (so “ Music/ ” in the previous case). You should now be capable of writing and reading files on your Android device in airline, your applications. Remember that users can see how much space your app is taking up in user data. Furthermore they can clear it freely from the shirek, Manage Applications area of settings.
Knowing that, and southwest airline that anything can access and change files on the movie external storage, you should remember that these files could be removed outside of your application. Copyright: 2017 Chris Risner | Unless otherwise stated or granted, code samples licensed under the MIT license. Airline? | Theme based on dbyll by dbtek.
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essay gun violence Gun control is a hot button issue, especially in the wake of so many recent, tragic mass shootings. It is also a polarizing issue, which means that it tends to divide people. When you’re writing an argumentative essay, it generally doesn’t matter what side of an issue you take. Southwest Airline Strategies! What matters is that you take a side and support whichever position you choose. In the case of the gun control issue, you could plausibly—and defensibly—take either side: strict regulation up to and including an outright ban on firearms or complete legalization of in usa individual gun ownership. Either way, you’re going to need strong evidence.
With this in mind, I’ve sourced 12 gun control articles from online publications that illustrate both sides of the debate, plus two articles that can help you understand the background of the airline strategies, issue. For each article, I’ve included the author’s basic point and why the article is a worthwhile resource, as well as citations for APA and MLA 7th and MLA 8th editions. No matter what side you argue, this post will point you to some credible sources for your argumentative gun control essay. 6 Supporting Gun Control Articles. Pro-gun control article #1: Gun Control and the Constitution: Should We Amend the Second Amendment? This article discusses what is perhaps the greatest source of peranan membanteras contention in the entire debate: the Second Amendment’s wording. The author quotes former Supreme Court Justice John Paul Stevens, who advocates changing the Second Amendment’s confusing language to clarify that it only applies to those serving in strategies a militia. Formerly called BusinessWeek until 2010, Bloomberg Businessweek has been around since 1929 and has earned numerous industry publication awards. Barrett, P. M. (2014, February 10). Gun control and the Constitution: Should we amend the Second Amendment?
Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved from http://www . bloomberg.com/news/articles/2014-02-20/gun-control-and-the-constitution-should-we-amend-the-second-amendment. Barrett, Paul M. “Gun Control and the Constitution: Should We Amend the Second Amendment?” Bloomberg Businessweek . Bloomberg, 20 Feb. 2014. Web. 10 July 2016.
Barrett, Paul M. Impose! “Gun Control and the Constitution: Should We Amend the Second Amendment?” Bloomberg Businessweek , 20 Feb. Southwest Airline! 2014, www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2014-02-20/gun-control-and-the-constitution-should-we-amend-the-second-amendment. Religions In Usa! Accessed 10 July 2016. A quick note about southwest airline strategies, citations. I’ve included both MLA 7th edition and MLA 8th edition, as well as APA, citations for each article that you can use if you decide to reference the source in your gun control essay. Because the MLA 8th edition went into effect in early 2016, not all professors/schools will require the use of the new format. Check with your professor to see which edition he or she prefers. The 8th edition of MLA also suggests that you include the URL in each entry. Including the date you accessed an online source is now optional. I’ve included both pieces of information in shirek the movie my examples.
(Again, check with your professor to see what he or she prefers.) Pro-gun control article #2: It’s Time to Ban Guns. Yes, All of southwest airline Them. Bovy tackles the on The USA Should Impose on the World, gun issue by arguing that the southwest airline strategies, debate should not be about closing loopholes in gun control. Lord Of The Flies Reviews! She doesn’t argue that specific types of guns should be banned, but argues that all guns should be banned. This article is published by New Republic, which “…was founded in southwest 1914 as a journal of opinion which seeks to meet the challenge of membanteras a new time” (NewRepublic.com). “Today, the airline strategies, New Republic is the Essay Democracy, voice of airline creative thinkers, united by a collective desire to challenge the status quo” (NewRepublic.com). Bovey, P. Shirek The Movie! M. (2015, December 10).
It’s time to ban guns. Yes, all of them. New Republic. Retrieved from http://www.newrepublic.com/article/125498/its-time-ban-guns-yes-them. Bovey, Phoebe, M. “It’s Time to southwest airline, Ban Guns. Yes, All of masyarakat jenayah Them.” New Republic. New Republic, 10 Dec. 2015. Web. 10 July 2016.
Bovey, Phoebe, M. “It’s Time to Ban Guns. Yes, All of Them.” New Republic , 10 Dec. 2015, newrepublic.com/article/125498/its-time-ban-guns-yes-them. Accessed 10 July 2016. Pro-gun control article #3: Battleground America. This well-researched article was written in southwest the aftermath of the Trayvon Martin shooting. It covers three main areas: An in-depth discussion of the meaning of existing gun laws and the Second Amendment. The difference between now and drinking age 18, the time in which the Amendment was drafted.
How the drastically increased killing power of modern firearms makes any reference to the laws crafted two centuries ago obsolete. LePore is airline, a frequent contributor to The New Yorker, as well as many other national news magazines. LePore, J. (2012, April 23). Battleground America. The New Yorker. Of The Flies! Retrieved from http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2012/04/23/battleground-america. LePore, Jill. “Battleground America.” The New Yorker . The New Yorker, 23 Apr. 2012. Web. Southwest Strategies! 10 July 2016.
LePore, Jill. “Battleground America.” The New Yorker , 23 Apr. Drinking Age 18! 2012, www.newyorker.com/magazine/2012/04/23/battleground-america. Accessed 10 July 2016. Pro-gun control article #4: Why We Can’t Talk About Gun Control. Hamblin discusses one of the southwest strategies, most problematic aspects of the gun control debate: the fact that it is so politicized. Here, the author explains his opinion by framing it in peranan masyarakat his own experiences. He states that he lost his job when he published a column arguing that it’s possible to southwest, regulate guns without infringing on individuals’ rights. Hamblin is a frequent contributor and senior editor at The Atlantic . Hamblin, J. (2014, June 29). Why we can’t talk about gun control.
The Atlantic. Retrieved from in usa, http://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive /2014/06/how-to-interpret-the-second-amendment/373664. Hamblin, James. “Why We Can’t Talk About Gun Control.” The Atlantic . The Atlantic Monthly Group , 29 June 2014. Web. 10 July 2016. Hamblin, James. “Why We Can’t Talk About Gun Control.” The Atlantic , The Atlantic Monthly Group , 29 June 2014, www.theatlantic.com/politics /archive/2014/06/how-to-interpret-the-second-amendment/373664. Accessed 10 July 2016. Pro-gun control article #5: California’s proposed gun laws won’t change our culture of violence, but they will make us safer. This editorial by the the LA Times Editorial Board explains that, even though California has some of the toughest gun laws in southwest airline the country, there are still many loopholes. The editorial board argues that stricter regulations for purchasing guns and ammunition need to be in place to stop gun violence.
The Los Angeles Times is a Pulitzer Prize-winning newspaper that has been in publication for more than 134 years. Times Editorial Board. (2016, April 22). California’s proposed gun laws won’t change our culture of violence, but they will make us safer. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved from http://www.latimes.com/opinion/editorials/la-ed-adv-california-guns-20160422-story.
Times Editorial Board. On The World! “California’s Proposed Gun Laws Won’t Change Our Culture of Violence, but They Will Make Us Safer.” LATimes.com . Los Angeles Times Media Group, 22 Apr. Southwest! 2016. Web. Religions! 10 July 2016. Times Editorial Board. Southwest Airline Strategies! “California’s Proposed Gun Laws Won’t Change Our Culture of in usa Violence, but They Will Make Us Safer.” Los Angeles Times, Los Angeles Times Media Group, 22 Apr. 2016, www.latimes.com/opinion/ editorials/la-ed-adv-california-guns-20160422-story. Accessed 10 July 2016. Pro-gun control article #6: 4 Pro-Gun Arguments We’re Sick of Hearing. Though you might not automatically think hard-hitting news when you think of airline Rolling Stone magazine, the author of peranan this brief article succinctly sums up four common pro-gun arguments and southwest strategies, explains why she doesn’t feel they’re effective. Rolling Stone covers a variety of cultural, music, social, and drinking age 18, political news and is a well-established magazine.
Marcotte, A. (2015, October 1). 4 pro-gun arguments we’re sick of hearing. Rolling Stone . Retrieved from http://www.rollingstone.com/ politics/news/4-pro-gun-arguments-were-sick-of-hearing-20151001. Marcotte, Amanda. “4 Pro-Gun Arguments We’re Sick of southwest airline strategies Hearing.” Rolling Stone . Rolling Stone, 1 Oct. 2015. Web.
10 July 2016. Marcotte, Amanda. “4 Pro-Gun Arguments We’re Sick of masyarakat membanteras jenayah Hearing.” Rolling Stone, 1 Oct. 2015, www.rollingstone.com/politics/news/4-pro-gun-arguments-were-sick-of-hearing-20151001. Accessed 10 July 2016. Now that we’ve examined articles in favor of southwest strategies gun control, let’s take a look at amicably define a few articles that are against gun control.
Anti-gun control article #1: 5 arguments against airline strategies, gun control — and why they are all wrong. Published in the LA Times , this op-ed piece is written by Evan DeFilippis and Devin Hughes, who are the of the flies reviews, founders of the gun violence prevention site Armed With Reason. The authors argue that gun control laws don’t deter criminals and cannot prevent mass shootings. DeFillipis, E., Hughes, D. (2016). Strategies! 5 arguments against gun control—and why they are all wrong. Drinking Age 18! Los Angeles Times. Retrieved from http://www.latimes.com/ opinion/op-ed/la-oe-defilippis-hughes-gun-myths-debunked-20160708-snap-story. DeFillipis, Evan and Devin Hughes “5 Arguments Against Gun Control—and Why They are All Wrong.” LATimes.com . Los Angeles Times, 8 July 2016. Southwest Strategies! Web. 10 July 2016.
DeFillipis, Evan and of the flies, Devin Hughes “5 Arguments Against Gun Control—and Why They are All Wrong.” Los Angeles Times , 8 July 2016, www.latimes.com/ opinion/op-ed/la-oe-defilippis-hughes-gun-myths-debunked-20160708-snap-story. Southwest! Accessed 10 July 2016. Anti-gun control article #2: Gun control isn’t the answer. Wilson, an lord of the reviews, author of airline several books about crime and a teaching fellow at of the flies reviews Pepperdine University, asks an interesting question: how could or would we ever get rid of the hundreds of millions of guns that already exist in the United States? He takes the stance that banning firearms is pointless, that “the genie is out of the bottle.” He discounts the debate—driven by the Virginia Tech shootings that occurred just before he wrote the article—as being driven by election politics and, therefore, insincere. Though this source is strategies, a bit older, it still raises a valid question. Wilson, J. Q. (2007, April 20).
Gun control isn’t the answer. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved from http://www.latimes.com/la-oe-wilson20apr20-story.html. Wilson, James Q. “Gun Control Isn’t the Answer.” LATimes.com . Los Angeles Times, 20 Apr. 2007. Web. 10 July 2016. Wilson, James Q. “Gun Control Isn’t the Answer.” Los Angeles Times, 20 Apr. 2007, www.latimes.com/la-oe-wilson20apr20-story.html. Accessed 10 July 2016.
Anti-gun control article #3: Why Gun Owners are Right to drinking age 18, Fight Against Gun Control. Hardy argues that sweeping gun control legislation proposed by the anti-gun lobby leaves no room for compromise. Southwest Strategies! He then does a U-turn and complains about the of the flies reviews, slippery-slope nature of bans on one kind of weapon, such as assault weapons or sniper rifles, leading slowly but surely to total prohibition. Hardy fears that the gun control lobby is on a crusade to wipe out individual gun ownership altogether. Hardy is an Arizona attorney and southwest airline strategies, a Second Amendment scholar and writer. Hardy, D. T. (2013, July 18). Why gun owners are right to fight against gun control. Reason.com.
Retrieved from http://www.reason.com/archives/ 2013/07/18/why-second-amendment-supporters-are-righ. Hardy, David T. “Why Gun Owners are Right to Fight Against Gun Control.” Reason.com . Reason Foundation, 18 July 2013. Web. 10 July 2016. Hardy, David T. “Why Gun Owners are Right to Fight Against Gun Control.” Reason.com, Reason Foundation, 18 July 2013, reason.com/ archives/2013/07/18/why-second-amendment-supporters-are-righ. Accessed 10 July 2016. Anti-gun control article #4: ‘American Sniper’ widow: Gun control won’t protect us.
This opinion piece discusses one woman’s experience with gun violence and why she believes gun control is lord of the flies, not the answer. Taya Kyle, the writer of this article, is also the author of American Wife: A Memoir of Love, War, Faith, and Renewal . The movie American Sniper was based on her late husband, Chris Kyle. Kyle, T. Strategies! (2013, July 18). ‘American Sniper’ widow: Gun control won’t protect us. CNN. Retrieved from amicably define, http://www.cnn.com/2016/01/07/opinions/taya-kyle-gun-control. Kyle, Taya. “‘American Sniper’ Widow: Gun Control Won’t Protect Us.” CNN.com. Cable News Network, 18 July 2013. Web. 10 July 2016. Kyle, Taya. “‘American Sniper’ Widow: Gun Control Won’t Protect Us.” CNN , 18 July 2013, www.cnn.com/2016/01/07/opinions/taya-kyle-gun-control.
Accessed 10 July 2016. Anti-gun control article #5: A Criminologist’s Case Against Gun Control. This article includes an interview with James Jacobs, director of the Center for airline strategies Research in Crime and Justice at New York University School of shirek Law. He is southwest airline, also a professor of constitutional law and of the, the author of Can Gun Control Work? In this article, Jacobs examines misunderstandings about gun control and examines the effectiveness of southwest various gun control strategies. Davidson, J. (2015, December 1).
A criminologist’s case against gun control. Time. Retrieved from masyarakat membanteras, http://www.time.com/4100408/a-criminologists-case-against-gun-control. Davidson, Jacob. “‘A Criminologist’s Case Against Gun Control.” Time.com. Time Inc., 1 Dec. 2015. Airline! Web. 10 July 2016. Davidson, Jacob. “‘A Criminologist’s Case Against Gun Control.” Time , 1 Dec. Religions! 2015, time.com/4100408/a-criminologists-case-against-gun-control.
Accessed 10 July 2016. Anti-gun control article #6: How Gun Control Kills. The author gives examples of incidents of airline strategies gun violence that were stopped by drinking age 18 people carrying guns, arguing that had such people not been on the scene, the results would have been worse. Hunter is an aide to conservative senator Rand Paul. Hunter, J. (2012, December 27). How gun control kills. The American Conservative.
Retrieved from http://www.theamericanconservative.com/ articles/how-gun-control-kills. Hunter, Jack. “How Gun Control Kills.” The American Conservative . Burr Media Group, 27 Dec. Southwest! 2012. Web. 10 July 2016. Hunter, Jack. Lord Of The Flies Reviews! “How Gun Control Kills.” The American Conservative, Burr Media Group, 27 Dec. 2012, www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/how-gun-control-kills. Accessed 10 July 2016. 2 Resources About the airline strategies, Gun Control Debate. If you’re looking for articles with more background on the subject, check out religions these two resources that provide an airline, overview of gun control and a variety of discussions about the topic. In 2015–2016, the well-respected news source CNN aired a series of programming titled Guns in shirek America . This resource contains both articles and videos about southwest strategies, a wide array of gun-related topics, including town-hall meetings, an interview with President Obama, gun violence statistics, interviews with the NRA, a discussion of the gun industry, and segments about guns and police.
The articles and videos are too numerous to cite in this post, but I’ve included one sample to help illustrate how you might cite these resources. Simon, M., Sanchez, R. (2015, December 4). U.S. The Movie! gun violence: The story in charts and graphs. CNN. Retrieved from http://www.cnn.com/2015/12/ 04/us/gun-violence-graphics/index.html. Simon, Mallory and Ray Sanchez. “U.S. Gun Violence: The Story in airline Charts and Graphs.” CNN.com.
Cable News Network, 4 Dec. Amicably Define! 2015. Web. 10 July 2016. Simon, Mallory and Ray Sanchez. “U.S. Gun Violence: The Story in Charts and southwest airline, Graphs.” CNN , 4 Dec. 2015, cnn.com/2015/12/04/us/gun-violence-graphics/index.html.
Accessed 10 July 2016. This article, published by the The New York Times , provides broad definitions of gun control, includes arguments both for and against gun control, and even speculates as to why it’s so difficult to solve the debate. Perez-Pena, R. (2015, October 7). Gun control explained. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2015/10/ 07/us/gun-control-explained.html?_r=0. Perez-Pena, Richard. “Gun Control Explained.” NYTimes.com . The New York Times Company, 7 Oct. 2015. Web. 10 July 2016.
Perez-Pena, Richard. Amicably Define! “Gun Control Explained.” The New York Times , 7 Oct. 2015, nytimes.com/interactive/2015/10/07/us/gun-control-explained.html?_r=0. Accessed 10 July 2016. You can cite these or any of strategies thousands of other gun control articles to amicably define, buttress your argument. (Read 5 Best Resources to Help With Writing a Research Paper if you need assistance researching more scholarly sources.) Whichever side of the issue you take, make sure to mention the southwest strategies, source, cite it properly (in-text and in your Works Cited or References list), and format direct quotations, summaries, and paraphrases per MLA 7th edition, MLA 8th edition, or APA guidelines. If you copy the APA or MLA citations I created above, be sure to update the accessed date (10 July 2016) to lord of the reviews, the date that you accessed the article. Keep in mind that there will be very, very few sources (including the ones I used above) that are totally objective. Most writers—and most websites—will be catering to airline strategies, an audience. Lord Of The! For a fuller list of issues on both sides of the debate, check out these Top Pro Con Arguments on gun control. Your job is to filter out the bias and see what value a given person’s argument really has.
Some of the southwest airline strategies, most rabid commentators on both sides of the issue actually make good points—you just have to masyarakat jenayah, get past all the screaming. Once you’re ready to start writing, check out these sample essays on gun control for southwest airline some ideas on how to membanteras, put your paper together. If you need help with writing your essay, read How to Write a Research Paper: a Step-by-Step Guide. Need help with overall formatting according to the style guide you’re using? Give these resources a try:
When you’re finished drafting your argument, don’t forget to have an editor proofread your essay for you. Psst. Southwest Airline Strategies! 98% of Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays. About the Author.
Naomi Tepper is a former Kibin editor, the Essay on The USA Should, former content manager for the Kibin blog, and forever a word nerd. You’re welcome! I’m glad you found this to strategies, be helpful. 1) “This is a good place to start because the Second Amendment is pretty. much the cornerstone of the whole debate, and the modification that. Stevens suggests highlights the fact that the Second Amendment refers to.
an armed citizen militia, not individual gun ownership.” Actually, the fact that Stevens wants to the movie, change the 2nd points to the fact that the 2nd DOES NOT refer to an armed militia, because his change is nonsense. Southwest Strategies! The organized militia is a body of the government and thus, needs no right to Essay on The Impose on the, be armed. 2) If you use this one, you are arguing for southwest prior restraint against an inalienable right. 110 million gun owners. 8855 “gun murders.” 99.9996% of all gun owners…. Of The! safe. 3) David Hardy is southwest airline strategies, absolutely right.
He’s the only one that backs up his arguments with evidence. 4) Yep. Gun control…or the possibility of drinking age 18 gun control is costing some states long held jobs. And some state politicians their jobs, too. 5) Interesting premise…but just an opinion. Here’s a sixth: Investigate the racist roots of gun control.
If you want to discuss the 2nd amendment, stay away from emotional arguments. The 2nd amendment protects a pre-existing, individual, inalienable right to keep and strategies, bear arms. It does not derived from the Constitution. It is protected by it. Drinking Age 18! That is the base from which you should discuss all gun control.
Clearly some one PRO gun control based on their wording. The second amendment, the southwest airline, right to bear arms, is currently under heavy fire. Many people believe that firearms are directly linked to crime, and are just too dangerous in general. Drinking Age 18! These people believe that stricter gun laws need to be in strategies place, or the second amendment is outdated and no longer relative or necessary. Drinking Age 18! This is untrue. The second amendment and southwest, the right to bear arms must remain intact. The second amendment is amicably define, long standing, and crucial to the American citizens, for purposes including worst case scenarios and life or death situations, and not to mention that through multiple studies, statistics and research have shown and discovered that stricter gun laws, or prohibition altogether, would only worsen the situation. Firearms actually prevent more crimes than they are involved in committing.
This right gives the American citizens the ability to defend and fight for themselves, their neighbors, and their family, in the face of southwest airline any evil, foreign or local. One must also remember that stricter gun laws will not necessarily stop or hinder crime. Criminals do, after all, break the law on a regular basis. Most firearms used in criminal activities are illegally obtained, whether stolen or bought through an illegal source. Overall, the second amendment, the drinking age 18, right to keep and bear arms, is still in southwest place for a very good reason. This right allows the people to defend themselves at any given time, and therefor live without certain fear. Looks like you have a good start to your own pro-gun essay here. (Just be sure to back up your statements with credible sources and research.) This is just skippy except the second amendment gives me the right to be armed to protect me from an oppressive government. They colonists had just fought a war to free themselves from an oppressive government, so the religions in usa, second amendment is not there to give me the strategies, right to hunt or shoot burglars. If the lord, government allows the police or the military to become excessive, calling them to protect you from them doesn’t make much sense does it?
And yes, there were some pretty awesome weapons (multi-shot repeaters) in the 1700’s that the founders were fully aware of. Just some questions from an outsider. Why are Americans afraid of southwest strategies their neighbor and so have to carry a weapon? Why do Americans think that the Police are so incompetent that they have to arm themselves to shirek, do their job. Why are citizens allowed to airline, open carry their guns to the mall and local store but politicians will not allow them to the movie, carry a weapon to the Conservative Party National Convention? Why do Americans give criminals the right to carry weapons? All of these questions would make great material for airline a paper on flies the topic. wow the southwest strategies, potato is strong with you, the most violent states in the country are california, new york illinois, and DC, all have some of the most restrictive laws in the country, and in usa, are suprisingly full of “tolerant liberals”
Sounds like you could definitely write an essay defending this position, Bree — great research. As an Englishman I have been – on and off – following this for years. Up till fairly recently, under the Truck Acts( passed in the 19th century) stipulated that all persons in gainful employment had to be paid in “current currency of the realm”. In other words, they had to be paid in cash. Thus the employer would send the pay clerk to the bank, after having worked out how many items of each piece of currency was needed to southwest strategies, render the exact amount down to the last smallest value coin. He would go to membanteras jenayah, the same bank, the same local branch, and the same time. Pre-WW2 this was for the most part safe. The reason was quite simple; in the 1930s the moral standards set out in the Christian faith were still strongly respected, even by southwest airline strategies many who were either non-churchgoers or were not exactly noted for their fervency of belief.
However, the influence of the Sunday School movement was very strong. WW2 disrupted this, a factor commented on shirek the movie unfavourably in Vol.1 of Sir John Hamerton’s work, The Second Great War. All the evacuations had the airline, effect of depriving many of the “means of grace” that inculcated moral standards. Peranan Masyarakat! The result was a progressive decline in such standards post-WW2. Then, first one, then another began to notice the pay clerks’ routine.
Result? An increasing round of wage-snatching of progressively increasing violence. In the wake of these, some started up security firms who would guarantee safe delivery of the cash. Eventually some security firms’ personnel began carrying handguns. One incident in December, 1961 fairly threw the airline strategies, cat among the pigeons. A gang attacked a security van, not knowing that its personnel were armed, as well as having a guard dog. Drinking Age 18! One of the guards opened fire, wounding one of the gang, who fled away empty-handed, leaving a fearsome array of weapons.
The reaction of the airline, police was to demand the disarming of all bank guards; one senior police officer even bleated that was “better to lose ?100,000” than to risk the criminals carrying guns in response. Religions! I suppose he had in strategies mind that Parliament had not long before decided to limit the categories of capital murder to, among other, “murder committed in the furtherance of theft”, but he may have also feared a more widespread rise in drinking age 18 armed robberies. As it was, not far from airline strategies, where I am typing this out, and in usa, only 18 months later, 26 times the southwest airline strategies, amount he mentioned was stolen in what we still call the Great Train Robbery. Jumping from there to the Dunblane massacre and the subsequent Acts that banned all civilian ownership of handguns(1996, 1997), a number of features emerge. The murderer had already gotten into bad odour with the Scouts, and increasingly with others, and this led at least one junior police officer to suggest that his licences(for FOUR handguns!) be revoked. Religions In Usa! In the wake of Lord Cullen’s report the cop’s superior resigned. However, the reaction of at least one, if not more, of London’s grubbier tabloids was to scream out louder for all civilian ownership of handguns to airline strategies, be banned, a sentiment led one Tory MP to flies reviews, say that he now knew what it was like to have been a Jew in Hitler’s Germany. Airline! For the shirek, Sun, read Der Sturmer; for the Sun’s then editor read Julius Streicher, who duly swung at a rope’s end for the crimes he committed in WW2. As if that hasn’t been enough, it appears that the proceedings of the Cullen Committee will remain under lock and southwest airline, key till 2096.
There has been one recent development—albeit a small one. Two men attempted to break into a house; one of the owners had a shotgun, and religions in usa, he fired at them, killing one. Southwest Airline Strategies! When arraigned before a court on shirek a charge of murder, the southwest strategies, presiding judge directed the lord flies reviews, jury to southwest, acquit. He cited a noted English jurist, Sir Edward Coke, who lived some 400 years ago, as saying that “an Englishman’s home is his castle”. Yes, one of the leaders of the gun control mob(not very large, but unduly influential) expressed “disappointment” at the ruling and verdict. Still, it is amicably define, a chink of light.
What happens in the future is yet to be seen. Incidentally, during November 2000 I spent a fortnight on holiday in Texas at the invitation of a woman friend. Amazingly, I felt safer in downtown San Antonio than I would in many British cities. I put it down to three factors, viz. (I) they still have the southwest, death penalty for murder – we pensioned off the hangman in masyarakat membanteras jenayah 1965; (ii) after training and certification one can carry a concealed handgun – makes it dangerous for intending burglars or muggers; (iii) in Teas, and in large parts of the US, one enjoys the “means of grace” in the form of Christian schooling and Christian broadcasting – here in the UK faith schools are allowed, but secular humanists bleat about southwest strategies, “indoctrination” of children, while Christian broadcasting is severely restricted, with even one complainer being apparently enough to shut it down. Molon Labe. My question is how do you plan on finding and removing ever gun across the nation? Stop the black market where other cartel and gangs will flood the street with weapons from other countries that produce them?
Leprechauns riding unicorns patrolling the candy land streets of delusionalville? So the plan is to membanteras jenayah, remove them from the law abiding citizens (because they are the airline strategies, only ones that would turn them in without a fire fight). Criminalize the ones that refuse to turn them in AND fight them with government agencies that have guns. So now with the law abiding citizen are disarmed, the ones that refuse to be disarmed are criminals and the gangs and religions, criminals keep their firearms because well…they are criminals…yeap seems like a solid plan to me! Let’s move forward with this and see how well it turns out.
Hitler, Stalin, Pot and Moa would be proud!