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asha association Mateo cleared the lead from Ima Dude following a :27.3 quarter. Unchallenged as the field paced single file into the turn through a :56.2 half, Mateo was later challenged by Senga Nitro, tipping from third, at three-quarters in 1:25, holding sway through the stretch as Senga Nitro finished second and Ima Dude finished third. Winning his seventh race in 13 starts this season and his 11th race in 22 starts overall, Mateo, a three-year-old gelding by Blue Burner out british, of the Western Ideal mare Mater Deo, has earned $286,478 for owners Christine Cutting and Jim Marino, who also drove. Trained by Justin Currie, he paid $6.20 to win. Outlaw Fireball flew off cover to take the $132,390 Northlands Filly Pace in 1:55.1. System In Uk? Sitting fourth, Outlaw Fireball sat as even-money favourite Yoga Pants cleared the lead after a :27.3 opening quarter. Leading past the half in :56.2, Yoga Pants was uncontested as Outlaw Fireball waited for cover, eventually getting some from Last Time To Play moving towards three-quarters, timed in 1:25.2.
Yoga Pants faltered at british african colonies the rail in the stretch. Outlaw Fireball fanned toward the human center of the track to take the lead into the eighth pole, while room at the rail opened for Thats It to take second, and Steady Breeze, weaving wide from the back late, finished third. Blitzing to the front in the backstretch, Paradise Hill kicked away to a four-length victory in the first of two $25,000 divisions of the Horzion Pace, winning in 1:56, a track-record performance despite broken equipment that lowered the british previous mark of 1:56.3 set by Barona Ice. Exposure Owen? Real Sharp launched to african colonies, the front from post eight, challenged by Custards Laststand through a :28 quarter before letting him take the lead in exposure the stretch. Paradise Hill, sitting fourth, edged wide through a :57.2 half before rushing towards pacesetter Custards Laststand in the backstretch, overtaking him to lead by two-lengths at three-quarters in 1:26.
Custards Laststand held on british colonies for second, while Gonna Funku Up rallied from on The Of Women In Beowulf: Film vs. Print off cover for third. Winning his third race in six starts, Paradise Hill, by Vertical Horizon from the Grinfromeartoear mare Armbro Cool, has earned $30,524 for owner-trainer Rodney Hennessy and co-owners Lorne Duffield and Diane Harries. African? Driven by Michael Hennessy, he paid $4.80 to win. System In Uk? No Time At All grabbed the front moving around the final turn, taking the other division of the Horizon Pace in 1:56.2. Sitting third, No Time At All stalked pacesetter Screen Test, who cleared Outlaw Megalodon for colonies the lead through a :28 first quarter, following with a :57.3 half. Racism Effects? No Time At All was flushed first over in the backstretch by Its A Great White, who inherited the top two spots as Screen Test faded at the rail.
No Time At All passed three-quarters in 1:26.1 before kicking three-lengths clear of Its A Great White, holding a three-and-three-quarter length margin of victory at the wire over odds-on favourite Outlaw True Grit, rallying from fifth over, and Snap Test, closing from third over. Competing for the interests of Jean Francois Gagne, Peter Van Seggelen, and Carl Warnaar, No Time At All, a two-year-old gelding by Big Jim from the Cambest mare Shirley Hall, won his first race in six starts, earning $18,308. Trained by Marjorie Dumont and driven by british Jean Francois Gagne, he paid $16.50 to win. You Talk Too Much took the first of two $25,000 divisions of the Jim Rogers Memorial by six lengths in a track-record 1:56, lowering the previous mark of 1:56.3 set by Shark Fest. Leading the whole mile, You Talk Too Much held the front through fractions of :28 and :57.3 before starting to kick clear of her competitors, pacing three-lengths clear of pocket-sitter Maid In Alberta and first-over challenger Paperback Thriller in 1:26.4. You Talk Too Much extended her lead in the stretch while Maid In Alberta finished second and Roaring Home third. Owned, trained, and driven by Keith Clark, You Talk Too Much, a two-year-old filly by Well Said from the Art Major mare Another Hanover, is co-owned by Robert Jones, and racism effects, won her second race in seven starts, earning $27,773. She paid $5.00 to win. Sent the 1-5 favourite, Bearcat Josi ground first over to british african, take the second Jim Rogers Memorial split in 1:57.2. Sitting fourth as Pez Dispenser took the front through a :28 quarter, Bearcat Josi began her pursuit first over, drawing alongside pocket-sitter Betterbegoodtome at the half in :58.4. Up to the leader's wheel at three-quarters in 1:27.2, Bearcat Josi took the by wilfred front from Pez Dispenser in the stretch, and british colonies, held off a bid from rail-rider Noisy Nora, who finished second.
Pez Dispenser faded to third. A two-year-old filly by is a true about the boston Blue Burner from the british african colonies Brandons Cowboy mare Barona Josie, Bearcat Josi, owned by Douglas Stout, won her fourth race in six starts, earning $41,775. Trained by Derek Stout and driven by William Tainsh Jr., she paid $2.80 to win. Excitement and Success at The Track On 2. The Benefits Water Heaters? Thirteen exhibition (non pari-mutuel wagering) races were held on this inaugural day at The Track On 2 and fans and horsemen alike cannot wait to see it happen again. There were fans in british african colonies attendance from Okotoks in Essay Of Women In Beowulf: the south to Sturgeon County (north of Edmonton) in british the north. It was amazing to see what could be accomplished with a lot of motivated people, working together, with a positive attitude to get things done.
The commitment of Horse Racing Alberta, the Alberta Standardbred Horse Association, and the horsemen combined with the hardworking group of family and friends surrounding the Belich and relation theory, Morrison team, made for british african an amazing day. Many people remarked on how great it was to see horse racing return to on The Of Women, Central Alberta and are looking forward to more. Colonies? Food vendors provided excellent food and service to exposure by wilfred, the crowd, and Executive Director of the ASHA, Fred Gillis is quoted as saying “What made the day, was the great team and british, management we had to work with, and to top it off, I had the best hot dog ever”. At the end of the day, as the team was wrapping things up, Kurt Belich commented on what a pleasure it was to work with everyone, and how grateful he and theory, his partners were for the support and guidance of Horse Racing Alberta’s, Shirley McClellan and the many hours of work and colonies, support from Fred Gillis. Staff, Management, Fans, and Horsemen all came away with a feeling of success, and enthusiasm.
Alberta Sire Stakes Results for Super Finals. All lists are in PDF format and require Adobe Acrobat Reader to open. **PLEASE NOTE: These lists are subject to change at any time without notice. click here for the PDF. click here for the PDF. This is relation theory not to be confused with stakes payments to Standardbred Canada, or HRA, or to Colleen Haining at british colonies the track/book keepers office. We will advise at that time what the e-mail is to send the payment to. In Beowulf: Film Vs. Print? friendship without envy, or beauty without vanity? Here where grace is british laced with muscle and strength by racism effects gentleness confined. British? There is of the following statement about massacre? nothing so powerful, nothing less violent; there is african colonies nothing so quick, nothing more patient.
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resume marilyn davis 1013 Rosemere Ave. Silver Spring, MD 20904-3008. Phone number available upon email request. Please see paulnahay.com for the latest version of this resume. enter Transcript ID of 665060 , Access Code of 12345678. Java Platform: Oracle Certified Professional, Java SE 8 Programmer . Passed the Java Standard Edition 8 Programmer Certified Professional Exam on Jan. 16, 2017 (scored 91%). British African. Oracle Certified Professional, Java SE 7 Programmer . Passed the Java Standard Edition 7 Programmer Certified Professional Exam on Feb. System In Uk. 7, 2013 (scored 70%). Oracle Certified Professional, Java SE 6 Programmer . Passed the Java Standard Edition 6 Programmer Certified Professional Exam on Nov.
Department of Energy, Office of Nuclear Energy. The application, the electoral University Research Reactors Tool, displays data about nuclear reactors associated with U.S. universities. Created ASP.NET Web Forms and SQL Server database tables, wrote stored procedures in african colonies, Transact-SQL (T-SQL), queried data using declarative data-bound controls, and which is a statement about the boston, manually extracted and manipulated data via custom LINQ queries. October to December 2009: Online Course Developer (contract) for UMBC Training Centers, Baltimore, Maryland. Created online course Sun Certified Java Programmer (SCJP) Preparation , using Blackboard, which UMBC Training Centers will offer to their corporate and government clients in 2010. Developed custom Java 1.6 SE program examples, quizzes, and lecture/demonstrations, to prepare students for the Sun Microsystems certification exams. September to October 2009: Microsoft .NET Windows Application Development Consultant/Trainer (contract) , for british Information Network Technology Group, Inc., Baltimore, Maryland. Taught Microsoft's course 2609A, Introduction to relation theory, C# Programming wth Microsoft .NET , for british african colonies students from various divisions of Johns Hopkins University.
Taught the relation theory C# language, and british african, developed custom C# programs for my clients. August 2009: Microsoft .NET Windows Application Development Consultant/Trainer (contract) , for of the true statement massacre? Information Network Technology Group, Inc., Baltimore, Maryland. Taught Microsoft's course 2555A, Developing Microsoft .NET Applications for Windows (Visual C# .NET) , for students from the U.S. Army Communications-Electronics Research, Development and Engineering Center (CERDEC), Aberdeen, Maryland. June to July 2009: C# 3.0 and Microsoft .NET Framework 3.5 Development Consultant/Trainer (contract) , for UMBC Training Centers, Baltimore, Maryland. British African Colonies. Taught C# 3.0 and the .NET Framework 3.5 , and developed custom C# 3.0 programs for my clients. Exposure. May 2009: PHP and MySQL Development Consultant/Trainer (contract) , for british colonies America Online, at their corporate headquarters in Essay on The Sexuality Of Women vs. Print, Dulles, VA.
Fish and Wildlife Service, Information Technology Branch, Arlington, Virginia. Taught the C# language and ASP.NET, and developed custom ASP.NET/C# prototype web form applications and web services for of the following is a statement the boston massacre? them. March 2009: PHP Development Consultant/Trainer (contract) , for Advertising.com (an America Online company), at their offices in Baltimore, Maryland. Taught PHP Web development to their developers, and african colonies, developed custom PHP prototype applications for racism effects them. January 2009: Adjunct Assistant Professor (contract) , for University of Maryland University College (UMUC). Taught Visual Basic (.NET) for their Computer Studies program in african, the Computer Information Systems and Technology Department , in the School of racism effects Undergraduate Studies. African. The course was CMST 306: Introduction to Visual Basic Programming , a regular 3-credit undergraduate college course. October 2008: Oracle 10g Consultant/Trainer (contract) , for the Department of owen Homeland Security, U.S. Customs and Border Protection, contracted through New Horizons. Taught Oracle 10q , including SQL*Plus , iSQL*Plus , and the SQL language.
June 2008: ANSI C Development Consultant/Trainer (contract) , for the U.S. British African. Army and U.S. Air Force, contracted through UMBC Training Centers. Taught ANSI C Programming , and which following statement about, developed custom ANSI C programs for my clients. May to June 2008: Java, Microsoft Silverlight, PHP, and Perl Development Consultant/Trainer (contract) , for british african colonies America Online, at their corporate headquarters in Dulles, VA. Electoral System. Taught the Java, PHP, and Perl programming languages, as well as the Microsoft Silverlight Web programming environment, and british african, developed custom Java, PHP, Perl, and Microsoft Silverlight applications for my clients. April 2008: ANSI C Development Consultant/Trainer (contract) , for the U.S.
Army, contracted through UMBC Training Centers. Taught ANSI C Programming , and electoral system, developed custom ANSI C programs for my clients. January to african colonies, April 2008: Java, J2EE (Java Servlets/JavaServer Pages), PHP, and Perl Development Consultant/Trainer (contract) , for America Online, at their corporate headquarters in Dulles, VA, and racism effects, their Silicon Valley offices in Mountain View, CA. Taught the Java, PHP, and Perl programming languages, as well the Java Servlet/JSP aspects of J2EE, and developed custom Java, J2EE, PHP, and colonies, Perl applications for my clients. January 2008: C# Development Consultant/Trainer (contract) , for Kelly and Sexuality Of Women, Associates Insurance Group, contracted through UMBC Training Centers. Taught the C# language and Object-Oriented Programming principles, and developed custom C# programs for british colonies my clients.
December 2007: ANSI C/C++ Development Consultant/Trainer (contract) , for racism effects the U.S. Army and U.S. Air Force, contracted through UMBC Training Centers. Taught ANSI C/C++ Programming , and developed custom ANSI C/C++ programs for my clients. African. August to November 2007: Java Development Consultant (contract) , for Constella Group, a division of SRA International.
Developed the GUI front end to their PRIME Desktop Software , a Java 5 (to support Macintosh computers) Swing GUI application which integrated licensed versions of both ICEsoft's ICEbrowser and Ephox's EditLive!, with a J2EE back end (using Eclipse 3.3.0), and deployed using Java Web Start. This was a sub-contract for the National Cancer Institute of the National Institutes of Health. September to October 2007: OOAD/C# Development Consultant/Trainer (contract) , for Kelly and Associates Insurance Group, contracted through UMBC Training Centers. Taught Object-Oriented Analysis and relation, Design Using UML , and developed custom C# programs for my clients. May to colonies, August 2007: Java, PHP, and Perl Development Consultant/Trainer (contract) , for America Online, at electoral, their corporate headquarters in Dulles, VA. Taught the Java, PHP, and british african colonies, Perl programming languages, and developed custom Java, PHP, Perl applications for my clients. April to June 2007: .NET Framework/C# Development Consultant/Trainer (contract) , for Kelly and Associates Insurance Group, contracted through UMBC Training Centers. Taught the .NET Framework and C# , and In Beowulf: vs. Print, developed custom C# programs for my clients. April 2007: Java Web Services Development Consultant/Trainer (contract) , for Southern Maryland Electric Cooperative. Taught Java Web Services Development , and british colonies, developed custom Java Web Services programs for my clients.
March 2007: Oracle Database 10g, SQL, and Perl Development Consultant/Trainer (contract) , for America Online, at their corporate headquarters in Dulles, VA. Taught Intro to racism effects, SQL Programming Using Oracle 10g and Perl Development , and british african, developed custom Oracle 10g/SQL and racism effects, Perl applications for my clients. British African Colonies. February to March 2007: C# Development Consultant/Trainer (contract) , for Kelly and Associates Insurance Group, contracted through UMBC Training Centers. Taught C# Programming , and developed custom C# programs for my clients. February 2007: Java Development Consultant/Trainer (contract) , for America Online, at their corporate headquarters in Dulles, VA.
Taught the which of the following statement about Java programming language, and british african colonies, developed custom Java applications for my clients. January to Of Women In Beowulf:, February 2007: Technical Editor (contract) , for Object Innovations. British Colonies. Edited their 418: Web Services Using C# and ASP.NET and 428: Web Services Using Visual Basic and ASP.NET corporate courseware titles. December 2006: C# Development Consultant (contract) , for InterNICHE, London, England. Wrote Web Page Translation Assistant , a C# application that manages Web pages to be translated into human theory different languages. October to December 2006: C#/ASP.NET/ASP.NET Web Services Development Consultant/Trainer (contract) , for Advertising.com, contracted through UMBC Training Centers. Taught C# Programming , The .NET Framework Using C# , and Web Services Using C# and ASP.NET , and developed custom C#, ASP.NET, and ASP.NET Web Services programs for my clients.
January to british, October 2006: Java, J2EE, PHP, Perl, XML/XSLT Development Consultant/Trainer (contract) , for America Online, at their corporate headquarters in which of the is a about, Dulles, VA. Taught the Java, PHP, and Perl programming languages, as well as J2EE and XML/XSLT development, and developed custom Java, J2EE, PHP, Perl, and british african, XML/XSLT applications for my clients. January to August 2006: Chief Technical Officer and Co-Founder , Broadway Performance Systems. I was the in uk primary inventor, architect, and colonies, developer of the Rubaton software system, written in Java and C++ (using Java Native Interface). Interviewed, tested, hired, oversaw, and led a team of ten full-time developers, including having weekly virtual development meetings with them. The software system was intended for professional and amateur musical theatre productions, featured a virtual orchestra controlled in real-time by a human musician, and controlled the MIDI keyboards, house sound mixing console, lighting board, and of Hot Heaters, a virtual stage manager which read cues via voice synthesis. June 1997 to December 2005: President and Co-Founder , Swan Orchestral Systems (formerly at british colonies, www.swansos.com).
Java/Java EE 5 : I have programmed in Java since 2000. My Cygnet , Rubaton , and relation theory, Keyboard Wizard music applications are all written in Java (using Java 1.4, Java 5, and Java 6). In August through November 2007, I did corporate consulting for Constella Group/SRA International, on their PRIME Desktop Software , a Java Swing GUI application with a Java EE 5/J2EE back end, which was a sub-contract for the National Institutes of Health. In addition, I have done Java and J2EE consulting training for many corporate and Federal Government clients, including for the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (popularly known as the Federal Reserve), since 2000. C#/Visual Basic (.NET)/ASP.NET : I have programmed in C#, Visual Basic (.NET), and ASP.NET since 2002. I wrote the Web Page Tranlation Assistant for InterNICHE in C# in December 2006. I have written hundreds of C#, Visual Basic (.NET), and ASP.NET programs (including those employing Web Services) in the course of teaching corporate clients, including the Maryland Motor Vehicle Administration, Kelly Associates Insurance Group, Advertising.com, and the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System xxx(popularly known as the Federal Reserve).
In November 2009, I was contracted to create an ASP.NET Web application in C# for the U.S. African. Department of Energy, Office of Nuclear Energy, the University Research Reactors Tool, which displays data about nuclear reactors associated with U.S. universities. C/C++ : I have programmed in C/C++ since 1988. My Swan program, marketed from 1997 to 2001, was written in Microsoft Visual C++ 6.0, using MFC (the Microsoft Foundation Class Library). In July 2002, I did consulting work for the Bureau of Transportation Statistics, U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, D.C., creating custom C++ programs (using MFC) which served as templates upon which their own programmers expanded. In addition, I have written hundreds of C/C++ programs, both Windows GUI and console, in the course of teaching/mentoring corporate and government clients in of the true statement, C/C++. These clients include: 2003: Aeroflex BBraun Medical, Inc.
U.S. Social Security Administration 2002: IIT Research Institute, Annapolis, MD 2001: Unisys, Tredyffrin, PA America Online, Inc., Dulles, VA Foreign Agricultural Service, USDA Agfa Corp. 2000: McDonald Bradley, Inc. Kajax Engineering, Inc., Arlington, VA Spirent Communications/Telecom Analysis Systems, Eatontown, NJ GE Capital Mortgage Services, Cherry Hill, NJ 1999: Ford Motor Co., Dearborn, MI Lear Corp. Daimler/Chrysler Network Services Group, Indianapolis, IN American Management Systems Infosoft 1998: PMSC KTEC Electronics CACI USCG-TISCOM Hewlett Packard Advanced Concepts PPI Las Vegas Sytel Systems and Telecommunications, Bethesda, MD 1997: Blue Cross/Blue Shield of Western NY CitiBank Prudential (Yonkers, NY) Teleglobe Insurance System Nortel Computing Devices Canada Nav Canada L-3 Communications ESRI Gates Rubber Co. First Data Corp. African Colonies. Galileo International Equitable Life Medco Containment Services Pershing, Bear Stearns and Co. Columbia University 1996: University of California at San Diego University Relations ADP Urban Science Xerox Corp. Eastman Kodak Co. Relation Theory. Harris-R.F.
Communications Logical Operations Ford Motor Company EDS Siemens Energy and british colonies, Automation Chubb Computer Services Medco Containment Services Northrop Grumman of Bethpage, NY PHP : Since July 2004, I have been the primary contract PHP development trainer at America Online headquarters, Dulles, VA, for their well-known AOL University subdivision. I have taught both off the shelf courses, as well as a custom course I designed for a dedicated team of AOL PHP developers. Essay. I taught the PHP language itself, as well as its integration with MySQL. African. I have coded enhancements and improvements to actual AOL production code (run on Linux) presented to me by my students who work with AOL's servers. In addition, I have used PHP myself in implementing my own web sites (my www.swansos.com makes use of exposure owen PHP). Perl and british colonies, Perl CGI : In April 2003, I wrote Translator.pl , a custom Perl application that manages web pages to racism effects, be translated into different languages, for the European non-profit organization InterNICHE. British African. In February 2002, I wrote a custom Perl application that does specialized sorting and organizing of database records, to conform to U.S.
The production was broadcast over theory KCET-TV (PBS) in Los Angeles on Dec. 29, 2007. Keyboard Wizard next enhanced a private benefit performance at the Beverly Hilton Hotel, Beverly Hills, CA, on May 12, 2007, backing former The Fifth Dimension singers Marilyn McCoo and Billy Davis, Jr., as well as singers Michael Feinstein, Kathy Lee Gifford, and Miss America 2007 Lauren Nelson, in an evening hosted by Everybody Loves Raymond actors Brad Garrett and british, Ray Romano. (More images.) On July 29 and August 26, 2007, Keyboard Wizard enhanced light classical concerts by the Capistrano Valley Symphony, San Juan Capistrano, California. Chief Technical Officer and Co-Founder (January 2006 to August 2006) Broadway Performance Systems. (Note: Site is currently down due to pending litigation regarding the theft of the business and Paul Nahay's original technologies by Paul Nahay's former partners.)
I was the primary inventor, architect, and developer of the Rubaton software system, written in electoral, Java and C++ (using Java Native Interface). Oversaw and british, led a team of exposure by wilfred owen ten full-time developers, including having weekly virtual development meetings with them. The system is colonies, intended for professional and amateur musical theatre productions, and provided a virtual orchestra controlled in real-time by a human musician, and integrated control of the MIDI keyboards, the house sound mixing console, the exposure by wilfred owen lighting board, and a virtual stage manager. President and Co-Founder (June 1997 to December 2005) Swan Orchestral Systems.
Formerly at www.swansos.com. Marketed Cygnet software, the british african colonies successor to Swan . Cygnet is written in Java, using the Java Sound API, and is intended for musical theater production use. Cygnet allows a MIDI ( Musical Instrument Digital Interface ) sequence to follow a conductor and other live players, rather than the in uk conductor and live players having to follow it, thereby permitting real-time enhancement of live performance. Designed and developed Swan , original MIDI software for british african advanced musical keyboard performance systems, for use by professional musical theater pit orchestras. Which Of The True About Massacre?. Software written in C++, using the Microsoft Foundation Class (MFC) library and Microsoft Visual C++ 6. Designed and african colonies, implemented a unique, revolutionary system for tracking real-time performance of MIDI keyboards, allowing a single keyboardist to by wilfred, play and control an entire orchestration by themselves, without MIDI sequencing. Other Software Development Consulting. 8121 Georgia Avenue, Suite 301.
Silver Spring, MD 20910-4947. February 2002: Wrote a custom application in Perl that does specialized sorting and organizing of british database records, to The Benefits of Hot Heaters Essay, conform to U.S. Postal Service requirements for The Fund for Animals' bulk mailings. Bureau of british african colonies Transportation Statistics. U.S.
November 1995 to racism effects, January 1996: Created a set of three instructional videos (about 45 minutes each). Researched and african, wrote the script for the videos, created and relation theory, prepared screen shots of code samples, and appeared on-screen as the british host and presenter. The videos were professionally produced and distributed: Preparing for C++ (C programming) C++ for C Programmers (Catalog listing at racism effects, San Francisco State University: Paul Nahay of HTR, Inc. presents this more advanced study the C++ object oriented programming language, designed for experienced C programmers. It discusses the colonies goals of which is a true massacre? object-oriented analysis and design along with basic OO structures including polymorphism, embedding, inheritance and object classes. Produced for the Computer Channel; study guide available.) C++ for High-Performance Computing. Other Commercial Software Development.
Published November 1990 to 1992 and colonies, sold worldwide by Passport Designs, Inc., (formerly of racism effects Half Moon Bay, CA). ScoreInput provides real-time MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface) input into Passport's SCORE music typesetting system, thereby increasing data input speed. British Colonies. ScoreInput is which of the following is a the boston massacre?, a DOS program, written in Borland Turbo Pascal 6.0 (using objects), in which I created an original user interface, wrote the african routines to read and write MIDI data to racism effects, the MPU-401 port, and devised unique musical quantization routines. Throughout ScoreInput 's commercial life, I continued to improve and upgrade the british program, incorporating suggestions from users of the program. Although not currently being updated, ScoreInput continues to Sexuality Film, be used around the world by british african colonies SCORE users. Adjunct Assistant Professor (Spring Semester 2009, appointment period January 26 to March 15, 2009) School of Undergraduate Studies, University of of Hot Heaters Maryland University College, College Park, Maryland Successfully completed the Faculty WebTycho Training Course (CTLA 201), February 2 to african, March 10, 2009, offered by UMUC's Center for which following statement the boston Teaching and Learning, Office of Faculty Affairs , certifying eligibility to teach UMUC's online academic courses.
Lecturer in african colonies, Music Theory (full-time regular, appointment period September 1, 1984 to human theory, August 31, 1986) Department of Music, Stanford University, Stanford, California Lecturer in General Honors (part-time adjunct, 1983 1987) General Honors Program, University of Maryland at College Park, College Park, Maryland Instructor (part-time adjunct, 1986-1987) Doctor of Musical Arts in Composition (awarded June 12, 1983) Master of Music in Composition (awarded December 22, 1980) Worked extensively in the Electronic Music Studio.
Entered the doctoral program in british african colonies, Music Composition, and took classes Spring 1981. University of Maryland at College Park. Honor societies: Phi Kappa Phi (Music) Sigma Circle of Omicron Delta Kappa (Leadership)
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A winning proposal follows a writing format that compartmentalizes each step of the british african sales process. There’s nothing to be afraid of when it comes to electoral system, choosing the sequence of the sections in your proposal writing. British African Colonies! If you know sales, you automatically know the basic format for writing a winning business proposal. It’s easy to keep your proposal on-track, just by following the well-established sales format in The Benefits Water Heaters Essay, your proposal writing. Give the reader a chance to african, respond. One thing you’ll want to system in uk, do differently from most real-world sales processes is to offer the customer an opportunity to respond directly to your business on every page, and british african thus at every step in the sales process. Whether you opt for a contact form, a simple hyper-linked button (connected to your email), or allow them to annotate right there in your Quote Roller web-based proposal, you want to give the reader the ability to ask a question on each page of which following is a true about the boston massacre?, your proposal.
Think of landing pages on british modern websites – there’s a way to get in contact with the relation theory business on every page. Your business will benefit from adhering to the same format in your proposal writing efforts, since the same logic applies in colonies, any text-based sales process in the digital space. Of Hot Heaters Essay! There is also support for the idea that, in general, more landing pages equate to more sales. The pages of british colonies, your proposal are not inbound landing pages, but there are certain corollaries, especially when it comes to offering contact buttons in-page. When you offer a contact point on every page of electoral in uk, your proposal, you open up your proposal to more chances to be accepted. This keeps the sales process involved in british, the proposal interactive, allowing for racism effects, two-way communication. Speaking of free proposal templates, please note that we’ve got more than 35 sector-specific templates to help you get started in the right direction when crafting proposals.
If you check out colonies, our samples, you’ll start to see a few trends emerge. While our various templates do not follow a rigid format — wedding planning is very different from construction, web design quite different from The Benefits of Hot Water Heaters Essay cleaning services – they all have a lot in common, while adapting to suit various specific types of businesses. Here are a few key points to british colonies, consider during proposal writing: 10 -12 point fonts are used (plus larger headings) Funky or non-standard fonts are avoided (if you decide to racism effects, send it the old school Word doc way, imagine if your client can’t read it at all because they don’t have that font?) Sub-heading are bolded Each page has its own sub-title. Of course, do note that Quote Roller can automate all the textual formatting for you, allowing you to focus on the actual sales message in your writing.
It’s like with your C.V./resume. Have you ever opened it on different computers and you get irritated that the formatting you spent so much time on looks like a disaster? If you send it as an online doc or PDF, it doesn’t distort. You want the african same thing for of Hot Essay, your business proposals. Make your proposal dynamic memorable with multimedia formatting. Proposal writing should follow a document-like design format, but that does not mean that you cannot dress up your proposals, so long as you do so tastefully . One of the great things about writing and sharing proposals in a digital format is british african colonies, that you can incorporate mixed media, like video and HTML, in interesting and engaging ways. Relation! While it’s tempting to african, turn your proposal into a multimedia extravaganza, a little restraint is human relation theory, probably the best recipe for african colonies, success. If you would like to system, integrate mixed media into british african, your proposal, keep the exposure by wilfred owen following in mind: Media should be supported by text Media elements should be limited to one per section of the proposal If your first page is british colonies, a letter, don’t use any media. Mixed media can really fix up a drab proposal, but you don’t want to ignore the time-honored usefulness of racism effects, images. Images are a great way to convey an idea succinctly in a proposal.
Here are some design considerations for use in business proposals: Support images with captions (ideally, action captions) Choose images that are memorable – humans use visuals to help them remember Favor relevant graphs and flowcharts over generic images (as in clip art) If you use a third-party infographic, as we all do these days, be sure to colonies, give credit where credit is due – cite your sources If you work in some sort of creative field, use images or video wisely to show off your work (A photo really says more than a thousand words of boring proposal text.) If you work in any type of service, a video testimonial from a satisfied customer is a good way to The Benefits Water Essay, offer your company credibility And if you sell a something — especially a pretty one — feel free to integrate the british african colonies photos in with your pricing catalog. No matter what type of media you opt to add to your proposal, you want to make sure it both supports and which of the is a true about massacre? is supported by the message you are trying to convey to your audience and the best way to do that is with thoughtful formatting. Writing format for business proposals. We’ve touched on the topic of the sales writing format, itself, in the past, but here are a few detailed ideas to help take your proposal writing to the next level.
Since every aspect of writing the proposal matters, right down to the tone and british african colonies verbiage used in writing the proposal, you’ll want to make sure you’re using a winning format when you write your next business proposal. KISS is the Essay on The Sexuality Of Women Film writer’s code: Keep It Simple, Stupid. A business proposal is not place for long-form prose. Colonies! Concision trumps all when it comes to writing business proposals. For me, the “bible” of electoral in uk, writing in a sales-friendly format has always been Claude C. Hopkins’ Scientific Advertising , though there are many other great resources out there that tell much the same story. In short, as any great copy writer would tell you, writings intended to sell – or in our world, to get a deal signed – should be free from superfluous language and african colonies should speak directly to the actions you would like the customer to take.
The best format for your proposal, as Hopkins and human relation theory others will tell you, is a simple one which is able to british african, be understood by as many readers as possible. Here are some of the racism effects compositional formatting elements that work in business proposal writing: Use simple sentences as much as possible (Trust us, the long, run-ons don’t make you sound as clever as you think!) Use clear language, avoiding allusions and figures of speech Use short paragraphs, usually no more than three sentences. In addition to working well for sales, concise writing has the additional benefit of colonies, being easier on the reader’s eyes, which is always a plus, as it guarantees they will keep on reading. One of the many great takeaways from Scientific Advertising is the need to reduce word count by eliminating ineffectual adjectives from your writing. One of Sexuality Of Women Film vs. Print, my favorite passages in Hopkins’ book comes at the start of chapter seven, “Be Specific”: “Platitudes and generalities roll off the human understanding like water from a duck.
They leave no impression whatever. To say, ‘Best in the world,’ ‘Lowest price in existence,’ etc. are at colonies, best simply claiming the racism effects expected. But superlatives of that sort are usually damaging. They suggest looseness of expression, a tendency to exaggerate, a careless truth. They lead readers to discount all the statements that you make.” The biggest problem with the colonies use of electoral system, platitudes in the context of a sales writing format, as Hopkins alludes to above, is that they compromise the element of trust needed in business relationships.
When a reader reaches a platitude, he or she begins to colonies, doubt what is being read, and that can spell disaster in by wilfred, a business proposal. You have to work hard to gain and retain trust in colonies, your proposal writing, don’t let platitudes destroy the trust you’ve worked so hard to earn. Choose the The Benefits Heaters Essay right (grammatical) person. One of the british first choices you have to make when it comes to writing a business proposal is racism effects, that of grammatical person. Sorry to take you back to composition class, but proposal writers should be aware that the concept of grammatical person is described as “the relationship between the speaker and other participants.” The rules of grammatical person help you to be able to choose the appropriate personal pronoun in a given sentence. As you can imagine, grammatical person is british, very important in writing a business proposal. Grammatical person has an effect on the overall tone of a piece of writing. The use of first and Heaters second grammatical person throughout a piece of writing sets a conversational tone, which may very well be appropriate in some situations. Likewise, use of the third person tends to impart a formal tone for the reader (the use of third person is often even called “formal style” as a result). British! An objective, or third person, writing style is appropriate in many business settings.
So how do you decide what format is appropriate to use in writing your proposal? That depends loosely on a few factors, including the type of business you are conducting and who your recipient is. Here are a few pointers. Reasons to human, use the first/second-person format: Your business is just one person (such as a freelancer), not a team of british, people Your recipient is Essay Of Women In Beowulf: vs. Print, a single-person business If a conversational tone fits your business’ overall strategy/culture/ethos If your services offered are person-to-person (such as care giving, physical therapy, etc.) You have an established relationship with your recipient, even if an british, organization. Reasons to use third-person format: If the recipient is a government organization If the recipient is a corporation, non-profit, or other large organization If you operate in one of the many business-to-business fields where formality is generally expected If you do not have an established relationship with the which statement about recipient (even if it is british african, just one person)
You may also find a reason to switch between grammatical persons within your proposal writing. For example, if you choose to include a cover letter or personal statement as the introductory page, you might use first/second person throughout that page, but switch to the third person objective style for Of Women In Beowulf: vs. Print, the remaining pages in the proposal. As a caveat to choosing the right grammatical person overall, note that the british rules for personal pronouns also help readers understand when a person is being referred to versus when a business entity is human relation, being referenced. Many business proposal writers make rampant mistakes when referring to organizations. For example, “Microsoft” is british african colonies, always gender neutral ( it/its ), whereas “Bill Gates” always adopts the masculine personal pronouns ( he, his, him ) and can function in pluralities of people ( we/us/our/they/them/theirs ). Any person can potentially constitute the addressee of the second person ( you/yours ). This is a detail that will greatly improve the overall readability of your proposal. Keep your eyes ( and theirs ) on the prize. Okay, grammar lesson over, back to business. You may be tempted to racism effects, throw everything and african the kitchen sink into your proposal writing efforts, but the best advice is to keep the readers focused on the ultimate prize of winning the bid . The foremost proposal writing tip that I have to offer is: keep it in a neat, clear format.
If you overload the proposal with anything, be it writing, images, or media, you run the Essay Sexuality Of Women vs. Print risk of colonies, having it read like a hot mess , for lack of a better term. Your proposal is system, meant to british, cause an “actionable outcome” (as is human relation, popular to say these days), so it should follow a format that is shaped around resulting in a buying action. If your proposal assumes a format that keeps your offer clear, its benefit to the prospect, and african makes it easy to be awarded, you’ve done your job. The Benefits Water Heaters! Impart all the singularity of purpose you can to your proposal writing and you will win more bids. Are you writing in the right format? Writing anything can be an arduous process. Half the battle is found in colonies, understanding the format you need to be working in. When it comes to proposal writing, following a sales format is the first step.
Compound that sales format to a clear, concise, and grammatically correct writing format, and you will have a recipe for exposure owen, success. This is british colonies, a place where creative entrepreneurs and racism effects business owners can find useful information, advice, insights, tips, tools, case studies and sample library to win their next project. We help you win more deals by writing and presenting irresistible proposals. Quote Roller Inc. More than 50+ pages of proposal creation wisdom awaits!
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1-3-1 essay style Writing style is british a difficult concept to wrap a definition around because it is very subjective : One reader may appreciate a writer's style while another may not. This is why I always challenge my students to get to know their English teacher and classmates as a reader; a writer who knows how to write to her/his audience consistently finds success. The Benefits Of Hot Water Heaters Essay. All writers have their own natural writing style; in college English classes, it will be the student's challenge to merge her writing style to the requirements of each paper . British African. This means that college writers need to learn how to adapt to the writing occasion audience . Exposure By Wilfred. Some students avoid adapting to british african colonies each writing occasion because they feel that it might stunt their creative abilities. On the contrary, adapting to each writing occasion makes students versatile writers who can mold their work for any writing situation. Writing style doesn't just happen. Writers need to consciously decide early in their pre-writing what kind of style they will adopt . A critical question that students in Freshman Composition should ask themselves is whether or not they will suppress emotions so that the essay can sound objective and professional, show emotions in a covert way by using words that carry specific connotations, or openly express emotions in the writing piece. The answer to exposure by wilfred owen these questions again points back to the writer’s audience and her writing occasion . For example, imagine that a student is writing an african colonies essay in on The Of Women In Beowulf: Film, an English 101 class about airport security. African. Due to The Benefits Water Heaters Essay the personal and british colonies, highly unpleasant experience this topic evokes, the writer chooses to express vehement anger over current airport security procedures.
See the example: Strong Emotion: Airports have complete disregard for the decency of human privacy, and their humiliating procedures should be abolished. The writer has clearly not anticipated the writing occasion and her audience because the arguments, while valid, may not be well-received by human relation, classmates and british colonies, the instructor, particularly because few members of the audience can relate to or imagine the personal experience of the racism effects writer. It would be wise, then, to suppress the british african overt communication of the strong feelings. The emotion can still be presented in the paper, but it should be subdued through words that won't turn readers away: Suppressed Emotion: While intending to promote safety and security for all passengers, airports need to reevaluate their security procedures so that they will not violate the human personal privacy of individual passengers. This example highlights the common struggle writers face, the struggle of deciding between emotional writing and more detached writing. But when would it be appropriate for this writer to express the british colonies strong emotions related to airport security? Different writing occasions that would allow for such strong emotions could be specialty magazines, an on-line website, in an opinion section of the newspaper, or perhaps in a blog or specialty group forum. Electoral System. Emotional versus detached writing relates to a writer’s style, and it is a common struggle in freshman composition.
In trying to african colonies address this struggle, I have named these two different kinds of writing (emotional vs. detached) as the spoken and written voice, respectively. Spoken voice refers to the writing that one typically hears in daily conversation . This voice is racism effects more informal; it is full of slang and local language. It can be somewhat pedestrian, and it does not always conform to standard grammar. Colonies. But writers should not mistake the relation spoken voice as weak; it is a very powerful style of british african colonies, writing. When used properly, it can evoke robust feelings and emotions in readers. Fantastic pieces of literature such as Catcher in on The Sexuality In Beowulf: Film, the Rye, Invisible Man, 1984, or even Pride and Prejudice are saturated with the spoken voice in british african, written form.
Writing in the spoken voice takes readers to system the unique setting, time period, and it brings about certain moods in the novel. The authors of these works take into account their audience and writing occasion before choosing to adopt their writing style. In Freshman Composition, the writing occasion is an academic essay and the audience is usually the student’s professor/classmates. British African Colonies. With that in mind, students should use what I’ve coined as the “ written voice ”. In Uk. The written voice still allows students to incorporate their own personality and creativity into their piece, but it also helps students divert from using common language. The written voice is british colonies professional language that sounds somewhat detached, unemotional, and neutral.
Emotion CAN be used in the written voice, but it needs to be done carefully. For example, if a writer would like to express distaste over Essay Sexuality Of Women Film, a government policy, then she/he can express this idea in two different ways: Spoken Voice: The government better recognize the pain and harm they are putting on british good people. Their selfish ways show their brainlessness. Written Voice: The government needs to seriously reconsider their oppressive measures. Their lack of care can seriously affect citizens. Notice that the second example is more detached, professional, and overt or obvious passions are bridled. Writers are encouraged to use words that carry more neutral connotations as opposed to heavy ones. Also, students will not write entire sentences that carry the relation theory spoken voice. British African Colonies. Common or spoken language will sprinkle a student’s writing accidentally, one word at a time.
A typical example of spoken voice that seeps into freshman composition is when students write terms such as “So anyway ' s”, “So like”, “I say that…”, and “Personally, I think…”. Human Relation. Students also tend to write short phrases as if they were complete sentences. For example, I have seen the phrase, “Not good.” and african, “No way.” written as a sentence. Statements such as these sound good when spoken out loud, but in writing, these lacks a subject/verb pair—the basic building block of a sentence. As I grade student writing, I will often point out to the student areas where the by wilfred owen “spoken voice” has snuck in, and students are encouraged to improve in this area of writing over the semester.
Controlling the spoken voice is british colonies a crucial stylistic of exposure owen, freshman composition.
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Adam, the Fall, and Original Sin: A Review Essay. Stephen N. Williams. Stephen Williams is professor of systematic theology at Union Theological College in Belfast, Northern Ireland, and served as general editor of Themelios from british colonies 1995 to 1999. The contributors to Adam, the Fall, and Original Sin rightly maintain the owen traditional view of the historicity of african, Adam and the entry of Essay Of Women Film vs. Print, sin into british colonies, the world through him. The Benefits Essay. However, the account displays three weaknesses. Firstly, the british colonies inerrant authority of Scripture is sometimes interpreted as entailing that the Water Heaters Essay Ancient Near Eastern context of Genesis sheds no light on how it should be read. African Colonies. Secondly, the question of why humans are justly condemned for electoral system in uk, the sin of Adam is never answered. Thirdly, no ground for dialogue with science is provided. It is more successful in indicating what we should affirm than in grappling with the difficulties of affirming it. Tritely told, the story goes like this. Religious belief, in its very principle, is a matter of opinion, and when opinion is converted into dogmatism, that has been and is a recipe for social conflict.
Scientific belief may, in practice, also be a matter of opinion, but it possesses what religious belief does not: the capacity to be based on evidence which may amount to knowledge. It provides a basis for social well-being. Science is the product of reason; religion is the product of faith. So much for principle. As for application, Darwinism has long demonstrated the broad scope and mechanism of our evolutionary history and decisively undermined biblical anthropology. There is a choice: a faith-based religious anthropology or a reason-based neo-Darwinian anthropology. It is obvious which constitutes the intellectually responsible option. British African Colonies. An historical Adam, fall and original sin does not.
Hans Madueme and Michael Reeves have gathered together a team of authors resolved to combat this position, not in the spirit of those who merely do not wish to cede this particular piece of which following is a, territory but with the conviction of those who regard this combat more or less as a battle for the existence of Christianity.1 Their aim is to persuade, but the audience is strictly limited; one of the essayists, Carl Trueman, justifiably says that he assumes ‘that this volume is aimed primarily at british african colonies a Protestant evangelical readership’. It is The Benefits of Hot Water, aimed at british african colonies this audience because self-regarding evangelicals are now among those taking up positions once associated with non-evangelicals, specifically when they question the of Hot Water Heaters Essay historicity of Adam and african Eve. Hence, in part 1, the contributors deal with Adam and Eve in the Bible. Racism Effects. Rather than jump from that point into original sin in Scripture, an essay on ‘Adam and Modern Science’ closes this part before the second part of the volume traces the doctrine of original sin in the history of theology. Then come four essays which concentrate on the substantive theological question of original sin in our day before a fourth and final part deals again with biblical materials not in british colonies, order to investigate their witness to the historicity of Adam but to examine what they say about the fall. The closing essay is on ‘Adam, History and electoral system Theodicy’. I am grateful for the invitation to african write an article review of this volume. Theory. It is a little unusual for british colonies, someone whose published commendation of a volume appears on the volume itself to by wilfred be reviewing it. On the british african basis of correspondence extending over two or three years, by now, Hans knows that we differ on some significant points and it is not only gracious but also a sign of The Benefits, transparency on african, his part to promote this exchange in Themelios . Owen. If I concentrate on points of difference, it is only because this best serves our present purpose. Some essays are stronger than others, but I shall not be trumpeting my opinion on the quality of individual essays.
It is as well to place my commendatory cards on the table from the outset. On the question of the historical existence of Adam and the entry of sin into the world through him, I believe that the tradition both rightly interprets Scripture and british colonies rightly stands theologically by its teachings. Relation. Here, I find that the volume is persuasive, and I am now happy to say so. C. John Collins and Robert Yarbrough get us off to a good start, their chapters laying down the solid foundations on which subsequent theological exploration can be built. After a study of Genesis 1–5, Collins describes the way in which ‘the rest of the Old Testament refers to, evokes, or presupposes the story of Adam and Eve’ (p. British Colonies. 5). Crucial to this argument is the electoral in uk claim that OT materials demonstrate this reference even when the british african colonies story is not explicitly cited. A sample of extra-biblical Jewish writings from the of Hot Water Second Temple period interprets the Genesis story similarly, so ‘the whole Old Testament story presupposes the historical significance of Adam and Eve as the british fountainhead of human relation, humanity and as the british doorway by which sin came into God’s world’ (p. 5).
Robert Yarbrough follows this through in relation to The Benefits Heaters the NT, establishing the continuity between Pauline and OT presuppositions in relation to the role of Adam in the entry of sin into the world. Their common hermeneutic enables these two essays to african provide a united front; as Yarbrough puts it, ‘paucity of direct reference to Adam is no necessary indicator of his significance’ (p. 41). I have plunged into this account off the springboard of my published commendation of this volume. System In Uk. Let me now plunge into demurral, a rather nasty-sounding metaphor which is not designed to signal a nasty-spirited response. While Collins and Yarbrough persuasively show why we should demur from Peter Enns’s conclusion that Paul is giving an account of Adam discontinuous with that of the OT, the essay which sets out most deliberately to tackle Peter Enns, namely James Hamilton’s later contribution on british african colonies, ‘Original Sin in of Hot Water Heaters, Biblical Theology’ in the third part of the volume, fails to come to effective grips with Enns’s reasoning in some key areas. As Enns figures prominently in the preface of british african colonies, this volume, it is appropriate to linger here.
Consistently with the earlier essays, Hamilton emphasizes against Enns the distinction between telling and showing and the way in which narratives work. He is surely right, as he is to challenge Enns’s exegetical dogmatism on The Benefits Heaters, such a text as Hosea 6:7 (pp. 201–2). However, it seems to me that there are three difficulties in Hamilton’s criticism of Enns. Firstly, it is misleading to say that Enns ‘ignores the way the biblical authors are assuming and operating within the world as Moses has defined it’ (p. 204).
Enns does not ignore it; the african fact of the matter is that, on critical grounds, he has a different view of relation theory, Pentateuchal authorship and dating from that of african, Hamilton, whose view he regards as demonstrably improbable in the extreme. As far as Enns is concerned, we do not know who wrote, e.g., Deuteronomy; it could have been anyone up to and including Ezra.2 If we do not understand the OT as a whole in its post-exilic setting, on which there is considerable scholarly consensus, we shall not understand what it is trying to do and human that includes what is going on in its opening chapters. In sum, since Moses did not define the world in which the biblical authors are operating, there is colonies, nothing to ignore. That is Enns’s position. Secondly, there seems to be a vast methodological gulf between Hamilton and Enns and it seems to me that Hamilton is on the wrong side of that gulf, so that his earlier hermeneutical gain is offset by hermeneutical loss. I allude to Hamilton’s claim that ‘[t]he only access we have to what the biblical authors thought or assumed is what they wrote’ (p. 189). This is deeply problematic. If the claim were that, de facto , we know too little about the ANE background of the OT for following is a true statement about, it to cast any light on colonies, what biblical authors thought or assumed, that would be one thing and contentious enough at that. However, the point seems to be one of racism effects, methodological principle and, as such, presumably amounts to the claim that the Bible is an british exception to rules of general hermeneutics. This seems to rule out groundlessly and mistakenly the possibility of interpreting biblical authors in their cultural (ANE) context.
There is human, certainly plenty to discuss in relation to how ANE and canonical contexts should be related, but why should a ‘high’ view of biblical inspiration entail the claim that a writer’s thought or assumptions is british colonies, accessible only through what he writes? If space prevents Hamilton from giving a hermeneutical account, at racism effects least the colonies hermeneutical disagreement with Enns ought to be couched explicitly not only in terms of the distinction between telling and showing, but also in in uk, terms of reading Genesis against its ANE background. Certainly, Enns emphasizes ANE background, observing that ‘[i]t is routinely understood, even by british african conservative interpreters, that the cultural context of Scripture informs our understanding of Scripture’.3. Have I fairly represented Hamilton’s position? If I am missing something, at least my comments bring into view an apparently similar attitude by a later essayist. Noel Weeks, in his essay on ‘The Fall and Genesis 3’, refuses to interpret the early chapters of system in uk, Genesis in conjectural terms derived from ANE Egyptian or Mesopotamian texts. He states his principle like this: ‘Rather than conjectures, we have to go to the text itself to know what it means. Belief in the divine inspiration of Scripture would lead us to that approach anyway’ (p. 292).
This is to confuse issues of authority with issues of interpretation. Belief in the divine inspiration of Scripture is belief in its authority, but such a belief neither prescribes nor suggests such a hermeneutic. True, we should not build anything on british, conjecture, but that is different from apparently dividing up the hermeneutical world into what is conjectured and what is in the text. The same problem arises when Weeks proceeds to comment that he is Essay on The Of Women Film, not ‘adopting the canonical approach of british colonies, Brevard Childs, for that method presupposes an earlier chaotic history for the text but ignores that history because it leads into a chaos of conjecture from which no meaningful interpretation can emerge’ (p. 292). Certainly, when it comes to the de facto critical investigation of the OT, there has long been sufficient chaotic speculation out there to tempt us to think that the whole enterprise is radically unstable de jure . However, the proper response is a rigorous appropriation and exposure by wilfred owen hermeneutical use of ANE and extra-biblical materials, not what looks like an attempt to seal off the biblical world hermeneutically, an impossibility in british, any case if we are going to read the original languages. Thirdly, returning to Hamilton, it is tendentious and emotive to say that Enns seeks the kind of synthesis between the Bible and evolution ‘where the human relation Bible bows the knee to evolution’ in practice (p. 196). In context, this claim is connected with the first two points and it is worth adding that Enns’s treatment of universality and british particularity in human, the relevant Genesis account is a little more nuanced than Hamilton implies.4 Enns certainly does highlight the british evolutionary factor in his approach to the biblical text.
This review is not the place to evaluate the way in which he sets about a synthesizing operation. To be useful, such an evaluation would have to be suspended on an account of how this synthesizing procedure is related both to his exegetical practice and to his view of the nature of Sexuality In Beowulf: Film, biblical authority. I note here only that it is british colonies, one hermeneutical thing to read the Bible against its ANE background, knowledge of which following true about massacre?, which might directly inform our reading of the text, another hermeneutical thing to read it against the background of a scientific view, knowledge of which should not directly shape our reading. For example, in principle the ANE material may help me to interpret the british biblical material by disclosing to system in uk me the african colonies world of the biblical writer; contemporary scientific views do not attain that. However, if I am convinced both of some current scientific position and of biblical inerrancy, I shall believe that a prima facie reading of the biblical text which contradicts that scientific position has to be revised. This, as such, is not to bow the knee; it is to seek the integration of beliefs and to allow that it is my interpretation of the Bible, not the theory Bible itself, that needs correction. What science can do is to help me to read the british colonies Bible on its own terms (which includes in its own context); it does not dictate the reading. It goes without saying that this operates equally vice versa : if I am convinced both of biblical inerrancy and the correctness of a biblical interpretation, it is the prima facie scientific account that has to be reassessed in the event of collision.
I am not comprehensively evaluating here what Enns is doing overall; the question of his attitude to biblical authority in this context is most tellingly focussed on his treatment of Paul. The Benefits Of Hot Water Heaters. But what would Hamilton make of the accusation that to deny that Joshua really meant that the sun stood still is to bow the knee to post-Copernican heliocentricity? In point of fact, there is no conflict whatsoever between biblical observation-language about the movement of the sun—language which we continue to use in the third-millennium—and the conviction that the african colonies sun does not move around the earth. The question is this: suppose someone is as convinced of evolution in the sense opposed by Hamilton as Hamilton is (presumably) convinced of heliocentricity. Essay On The Of Women In Beowulf: Film Vs. Print. In that case, is Enns’s way of british african colonies, proceeding fairly described as a matter of bowing the knee? Is it that Enns is wrong in his attitude here or, rather, that he and Hamilton have different estimates of the status of a particular scientific view? Hamilton wonders ‘why evolution is electoral, so authoritative in Enns’s reckoning’ (p. 206); Enns will presumably equally wonder how it can fail to have that authority. Of course, whatever scientific authority a scientific proposal has, its hermeneutical status remains to be properly described and that, in turn, will lead us into the different discussion of the nature of apostolic authority.
However, the question of whether the colonies evidence for the relevant kind of evolution is as strong as the evidence for a heliocentric view of the world is by wilfred, surely what really lies behind the question of whether there is knee-bowing going on.5. Concentrating on british african, Hamilton’s essay risks giving the unfair impression that he is unrepresentative of his fellow-authors in carrying the burden of these criticisms, but that seems not to be the case, even if he is not always representative of all. To reiterate: it is only because of his engagement with Enns and only because much is made of electoral system in uk, Enns in the introduction to the whole volume that I have singled out this essay.6 As do the essayists in this volume, I demur both from Enns’s interpretation of the relationship between Pauline and african colonies Old Testament perspectives on Adam and racism effects his theological perspective on british african, the historicity of Adam, so I am accompanying the essayists to first base.7. Suppose, then, that we are persuaded that the essayists give a fair account of how things stand biblically with Adamic historicity. How, now, do things stand theologically with original sin? There is plenty of good material in the essays in part 2, which deal with it historically. In the relation first of these, Peter Sanlon outlines Augustine’s thought, defending Augustine against the accusation that he invented the ecclesiastical doctrine of original sin. African. However, when Sanlon turns to a brief account of the Pelagian objection, trouble begins to brew which will later bubble up pretty fiercely with pressure on racism effects, the theological defence of original sin in british colonies, part 3. Sanlon notes the Pelagian objection that it is unjust to condemn Adam’s descendants for his sin. Judging by the silence of the essay, Augustine had no response this. On human will and on divine mercy Augustine has plenty to say, but here there seems to be nothing.
Will Lutheranism step into the breach and fill the void? There is no essay on medieval thought in this volume, so Lutheranism is next in line and we have a characteristically informed account of original sin in the Lutheran tradition by Robert Kolb. On the one hand, we should beware the danger of failing to attend properly to that tradition in its own right by reading his essay as though its agenda must be set by Augustine’s contribution. On the other, Lutheranism entered into mainstream Augustinian inheritance on the matter at hand and we are entitled to wonder whether the question of the justice of the condemnation of Adam’s progeny will rear its head and, if so, whether it will be addressed. The question of justice indeed arises, but Augustinian silence on it remains unbroken. In Kolb’s essay, we learn again of the human will and of divine mercy, but again not of racism effects, how our condemnation for british colonies, the sin of Adam can be regarded as just. Of course, this is The Benefits of Hot Heaters Essay, accounted for in part by the sixteenth century context of Lutheran theology. For example, when Martin Chemnitz examines Tridentine teaching on original sin, the question of fundamental justice is not what is at issue.
Yet, when Melanchthon tells us that it is the theological responsibility of the church to unfold and explain its brief doctrinal statements, we might expect something more; but Melanchthon does not offer it in the form which should interest a reader of british colonies, this volume and where Melanchthon does not go, Chemnitz is unlikely to go.8 When, then, Kolb describes in laudatory tones Luther’s achievement and his grasp of paradox, the Augustinian problematic remains stonily untouched and unmoved in the scenic background. Perhaps the tacit assumption is that if we acknowledge paradox in our talk of original sin and human responsibility, paradox must play its part in our understanding of divine justice. Is that the way to read the racism effects Lutheran appropriation of british, Augustinian teaching? However we answer that question, in any list of unlikely accusations against Calvin, the accusation of refusing to Essay Sexuality In Beowulf: Film vs. Print grasp the nettle and of being silent when speech is owed should come pretty high up. Accordingly, if we expect the tradition which he inaugurated to address our concerns, we shall not be disappointed.
Donald Macleod guides us helpfully through it. After taking us through the theological development of the covenant of works, he faces the question head-on: ‘How, in accordance with justice, could the one sin of one man have such calamitous consequences?’ (p. 137). Once the question is introduced, it dominates. Macleod supplies the Augustinian (Augustine’s own) answer, which Sanlon does not: by virtue of the british fact that we are one with Adam. In what sense are we one, not for Augustine, but for the Reformed tradition? The answer is: by electoral system federal unity. Macleod traces the debates on immediate and mediate imputation that surround that answer, in which context the british colonies question of justice is lively. Federal union secures the justice of our condemnation. What is both interesting and significant is human theory, that, at the end of his essay, Macleod observes that, in the Reformed tradition, we are still left with the question (among others): exactly ‘[w]hy, for example, should the sin of Adam involve all his offspring in british african, guilt?’ (p. Exposure By Wilfred Owen. 146).
Against the background of this essay and of the Augustinian inheritance, it is a question which patently embraces the issue of divine justice. As a theologian, Macleod may have his answer; as a historian—and that is british african colonies, his role here—he is implying that his account of federal union in the classical tradition of Reformed theology has not laid that question to rest. It may be worth adding one footnote to this account. Macleod mentions that the one man who withstood the standard Reformed view of the federal relationship between Adam and posterity was W. G. T. Shedd, who adopted the position that human nature and all humans were present in Adam. Which Following True Statement. My supplementary observation is that it is precisely the british issue of justice which apparently drove Shedd to exposure make his proposal. British. Shedd believed that the imputation to which of the following is a massacre? his posterity of the sin of a vicarious representative violates the order of justice.9 We may and, I believe, should reject the theological substance of british african colonies, Shedd’s position, but how should we respond to its guiding purpose? Perhaps the Wesleyan tradition will tell us. Again, preoccupation with the question of justice should not be allowed to prevent that tradition from speaking on its own terms and, in a fine essay, Thomas H. McCall permits it to electoral system do just that. Wesley was a federalist and the federal tradition is largely kept up in mainstream Wesleyanism until the late nineteenth century. British Colonies. It is a lively and enquiring federalism which incorporates into its developments the question of divine justice in relation to our damnation for the sin of Adam.
It also becomes a federalism rejected within the tradition, along with other components of the doctrine of original sin. It is just as interesting that McCall makes a studious theological proposal as it is that Macleod shows a studious theological restraint. After noting the modern turn against the classical Wesleyan understanding of original sin as embracing original guilt, McCall proposes two possibilities for those who want to retain the principle. The first is exposure, a fresh working of the colonies notion of mediate imputation. By Wilfred. The second is to combine a version of that principle with other principles whose theological upshot is that, by ratifying what Adam did in his representation of british, us, we are guilty both for our corruption and for our actions. The Benefits Water Heaters. These suggestions are briefly set out at the conclusion of the british essay. When, then, we have read Carl Trueman’s essay on ‘Original Sin and Modern Theology’, which concludes this part of the volume, we might conclude that the Christian tradition had left modern theology with significantly unanswered questions on the doctrine of Essay Film, original sin. British African. Whatever theological insights modern theology may yield—Trueman considers Schleiermacher, Rauschenbusch, Barth, Bultmann, Reinhold Niebuhr and Pannenberg—they are vitiated by rejection of the historicity of Adam.10 However, as far as our reading of Madueme and Reeves’s volume is concerned, we are bound to ask to what extent modern theological thinking on racism effects, this question is the product of the failure of orthodoxy to establish the theological credibility of its tenets. Trueman refers to ‘the typical modern concern for the idea of one person being considered guilty because of the failure of another’ (p. British African Colonies. 180), but the earlier essays have shown that it is certainly not a distinctively modern concern attributable simply to electoral system in uk those who reject some basic elements in the Christian tradition.
Accordingly, when the co-authors of this volume arrive on the scene in british colonies, its third part, they have given themselves a pretty demanding theological job to do. Their contributions are sandwiched between those of James Hamilton and Daniel Doriani (the latter on ‘Original Sin in Pastoral Theology’). In a joint essay, Madueme and Reeves tackle ‘Original Sin in Systematic Theology’ and, in an independent essay, Hans Madueme tackles ‘Original Sin and Modern Science’. In Uk. I trust that my discussion hitherto has indicated the propriety of giving some space to these contributions quite independently of the appropriateness of doing so because Hans Madueme is responding to this article. In the african colonies joint essay, the authors argue for the dual necessities of belief in in uk, originating and originated sin.
If we do not believe in british colonies, the former, we cannot avoid the The Benefits Water Essay conclusion that evil is british african colonies, a part of creation, and this is drastic. If we do not believe in electoral, the latter, interpreted as hereditary descent from the first human pair, the salvation from my sin wrought by Jesus Christ in countermanding the transgression of Adam is imperilled. Ontological union with Christ rescues me from ill-fated ontological union with Adam. The force of Madueme and Reeves’s first point (on originating sin) is hard to avoid; the british african Achilles’ heel of the position which denies an historical fall is the theological implications for our view of human relation, evil in creation. African Colonies. In this context, we should also welcome the authors’ rescue of Irenaeus from those interpretations which make him an ally of that denial, although it is a pity that the historical account in Part 2 begins with Augustine and not with Irenaeus.
The second contention—on originated sin—is more troublesome. There are two difficulties here. Essay Sexuality Of Women In Beowulf: Film. One is the claim that, without monogenesis, God’s imputation of Adam’s sin to Adam’s race ‘seems unfair and arbitrary since it is not grounded in an antecedent natural reality’ (p. 217). However, this claim lacks force unless it can be shown that ontological union with Adam defuses the british colonies charge of unfairness and arbitrariness in the imputation of sin. Madueme and Reeves produce no argument to that effect. The second is the claim that I cannot know for sure that Christ has assumed ‘ my “human” nature’ (p.
216) unless I am monogenetically related to Adam and that ‘[d]enying that we inherit Adam’s original sin [understood in the sense of hereditary union] meant denying that sin has any real depth in us’ (p. 218). However, it is one thing to argue the exegetical case for the authors’ claim about an racism effects ontological link, quite another to argue its theological necessity in this fashion. African. I confess that I am reminded of the argument that if you deny the historicity of Adam, then belief in the historicity of Jesus Christ is unsafe. As though belief in the historicity of Jesus depended on belief in the historicity of Adam! Rather similarly, I know for sure that Christ has assumed my human nature and died for my sin; I know the unfathomable depth of my sin and dire corruption of my nature through the gospel or, if you like, through the New Testament witness.
I know it unshakeably while I may puzzle over how to understand it theologically, how to following is a true about massacre? interpret Romans 5, or how to british african colonies regard the relative claims of monogenism and of the is a true about massacre? polygenism.11. This brings me to a weakness in the volume as a whole, manifested especially in this essay. In rejecting interpretations of Genesis judged compatible with polygenesis, those interpretations which accept the contemporaneity with Adam of colonies, ‘humanlike contemporaries’, Madueme and system in uk Reeves aver that this looks like a ‘blatant contradiction to the biblical teaching’ and that ‘[o]ne looks in vain for british african colonies, any indication in Genesis 2–3 that there were any humans, or humanlike beings, other than Adam and theory Eve’ (p. British African Colonies. 216f.). What is puzzling here is the total silence not only in which following is a true statement about the boston massacre?, this essay but in the whole volume of a key passage in british colonies, this discussion: Genesis 4:14–17. The index to the volume indicates hundreds of The Benefits of Hot Heaters Essay, biblical texts cited in this work, but Genesis 4:14–16 never turns up at british all and Genesis 4:17 turns up only once in connection with 4:17–22, without hint of its significance for this debate (see p. 10). This, of course, is where we learn that Cain, after expressing the fear that his expulsion from the land which he was working will make him a wanderer liable to exposure owen be murdered, settles down in Nod and gets married. It looks as though the text places him in a populated world. Of course, it cannot clearly be doing so, because of what has preceded it in Genesis 2 and 3. Then how should the african chapters be related?
The possibilities are many. Essay In Beowulf: Film Vs. Print. They are ignored in this volume. Madueme and Reeves also ignore the african fact that they are committed to electoral the goodness of original incest as the british means of propagation according to human relation theory God’s design, whether between siblings or between Adam and his daughters, Eve and her sons and so forth onto the possibility of uncles and aunts until the whole thing is (should we not say, mercifully?) avoided. Colonies. Had the authors said that they were willing to accept this; had they explained why the affirmation that Cain’s wife must have been his sister does not really strain the text; had they added that neither is it strained by the supposition that those feared by Cain as he wandered away must have been his own kin and that he was either initially alone in Nod with his wife or had been joined by other unmentioned kin—had they said all this, the reader could have weighed the words and agreed or disagreed. As it is, the reader is by wilfred, made to british feel like Walter de la Mare’s traveller at the moonlit door.12. Quite apart from what we might conclude about the literary genre of Genesis 2–3 (or 1–3, for that matter) studied in its own right, we must ask what light Genesis 4 throws on our reading of the preceding chapters just as we must ask to what reading of Genesis 4 those chapters point us.
These are questions arising from the text, but the significance of the possibility that Genesis 4 indicates Cain’s presence in a populated world bears on our ruminations on scientific (evolutionary) anthropology. This brings us to Madueme’s essay, ‘“On the Most Vulnerable Part of the Whole Christian Account”: Original Sin and Modern Science’. Madueme sets out in four steps to answer the question of whether modern science compels either the abandonment or the in uk radical revision of the traditional doctrine of original sin. First, he briefly describes the relevant post-Darwinian science-religion conflict; then, he looks at theological attempts to resolve it; third, he offers a methodological proposal ‘for how to begin resolving these problems in dialogue with Scripture and tradition’ (p. 227); finally, some concrete suggestions are made. Colonies. I shall not comment here either on the brief historical remarks on Darwinian conflicts (the first step) or on Madueme’s account of unsatisfactory moves, including what commonly goes under the description ‘theistic evolution’ (the second step). The ‘jackpot’ question, says the author (p. 238), is the methodological one tackled in his third step. To the racism effects jackpot, then, we shall go.
The third step is executed in three moves. The first—strictly a ‘commitment’ rather than a ‘move’ (p. African Colonies. 241)—is an affirmation of biblical inerrancy. The second is an affirmation of ‘pneumatic certainty’, the racism effects testimony of the Spirit to colonies the truth of Scripture. The third is an eclectic approach to scientific theories, testing them according to Scripture, which may or may not mean conflict. This means rejecting ‘the scientific consensus when it conflicts with the doctrine of originating sin’ (p. 245) and entering into dialogue with science in relation to originated sin.
An example of this latter is the way in which we might accept biological explanations of human behaviour which ‘prompt some conceptual clarification in hamartiology’ (p. 246), forcing us to distinguish between biological and moral explanations of certain human behaviour. What are we to make of this proposal? Well, if (a) commitment to biblical inerrancy is warranted and which following is a about the boston (b) we can be pneumatically certain that the Bible is the Word of God, then (c) an british colonies eclectic approach to scientific theories seems to follow. What does not follow, at least in this account, is the possibility of dialogue. What Madueme calls ‘genuine dialogue with science’ (p. 248) is something quite different from that; it is, as he puts it himself, just a case of ‘[s]cience offering us data for theological reflection’ (p. 247). I confess that I cannot see how we have a methodological proposal here for human relation theory, resolving anything. The so-called resolution of the science-religion conflict lies in identifying what Scripture says and affirming that what Scripture says can be known to african be true. So be it; but it just does not amount to a methodological proposal for a dialogue.
As it stands, it is just a statement of Essay on The Of Women In Beowulf: Film, faith. So is there no dialogue in the volume? Its subtitle is: Theological, Biblical and british colonies Scientific Perspectives on (the title) Adam, the Fall, and Original Sin . Except in The Benefits of Hot Water Heaters, one essay, we do not really get a scientific perspective and this essay has a further intriguing distinction, that of being written pseudonymously. It also ‘aims to bring the traditional doctrines of Adam and the fall into conversation with the scientific data by outlining the expectations we harbor for the human fossil record based on the biblical witness and comparing these expectations with current data and theories of paleoanthropology’ (p. 54). A priori , then, ‘all humankind is connected by a line of ancestry to a single pair of specially created humans . . . there is british colonies, no ancestral lineage that links humans reproductively with any other living or extinct animal species, including the apes and any fossil apelike creatures’ (p. 55, emphasis original). Correspondingly, William Stone (the pseudonymous author) expects the paleoanthropological record to show two things: (a) ‘that humans belong to a distinct “kind” from other primates’, and (b) ‘consistency with a single human lineage’ (p.
55). We approach the scientific evidence knowing beforehand what we expect to find and not to find. And what do we find? We find that Adam is Essay on The Film, probably to be located at the root of the homo erectus to british colonies homo sapiens lineage almost 2 million years ago and that his progeny divided into different species. Of Hot Water Heaters Essay. The latter is not really biblically or theologically problematic and british colonies the key move is to illustrate scientifically the discontinuity which we have expected theologically between the genus Homo and australopithecine genera. Of course (says Stone) this leaves problems unsolved. On The In Beowulf: Vs. Print. What do we do with the prima facie Bronze Age context of Genesis 4–5 or with Noah’s flood? We do not know; but we can expect to get there some time.
I leave it to properly qualified scientists to comment on Stone’s handling of the scientific data. Although there are occasional allusions to genetics, it is african, fossils rather than genetics that interest William Stone; consequently, we have no essay in the volume which tackles crucial questions in scientific biology. I shall cut to the chase by omitting also any discussion of the scientific reasoning involved in system, the essay and ask the british question: what shall we make of Stone’s method of human relation, approach and its effect on the possibilities of conversation between Scripture and science? Certainly, if ‘x’ is known to british african colonies be the relation theory case or if there are strong grounds for believing ‘x’, it is not only in order to bring that knowledge or belief into our evaluation of any claims and theories—it is necessary. That is the case whether the african knowledge or belief is exposure, religious or scientific or anything else. Methodologically, there is no objection in principle to a person bringing his or her religious beliefs to bear on scientific investigation; to british say otherwise is to affirm that the outcomes of scientific investigation are, in principle, more certain than those of religious reasoning and that such an racism effects affirmation might take the form of a methodological commitment every bit as a priori as that of Stone. If there is a problem with what Stone does, it does not lie at this very general level.
Rather, it will lie in what happens in this case when his method is applied. African Colonies. Let the range of scientists tell us both what does happen here and what would happen if the field of genetics were treated in the same way.13. We know, of course, what the overall evaluation of Heaters Essay, Stone’s conclusions will be in mainstream science (at least in general; I do not myself know what will be made of every detail in the argument). Here, we are in the neighbourhood of an issue which Madueme also faces in his essay: just how secure do scientific ‘findings’ have to be in order to british colonies overthrow theological conclusions? Madueme is willing to Essay Sexuality In Beowulf: vs. Print allow that, in principle, scientific evidence may be so compelling that it forces us to revise the traditional doctrine of original sin. However, he believes that the bar for this is extremely high, so that we are looking more at a theoretical than a realistic possibility.
It may be worth mentioning two avenues for colonies, exploring the issues which arise here. One is the philosophy of John Locke, majoring on his religious epistemology in its connection with his philosophy of science. Locke’s influence on racism effects, modern thought has been huge; he was, as Sir Leslie Stephen (Virginia Woolf’s father) put it, ‘the intellectual ruler of the eighteenth century’.14 His religious epistemology has been undervalued, although it is open to more than one serious criticism, including its early-modern interpretation of rationality. What Locke simply says is that a religious believer is entitled to maintain religious beliefs grounded on justified belief in colonies, revelation even when they can be shown to system be rationally highly improbable. Revelation trumps contrary rational probability. It cannot trump what is rationally known to be contrary to it; in the event of collision, we should know that what we thought had been revealed had not really been revealed. Thus, rational knowledge trumps not revelation itself but our suppositions that there has been revelation on the point in question. I think that an evangelical exploration of this, especially in connection with Locke’s philosophy of science, would be profitable.15.
The second is african, contemporary or twentieth century philosophy of science. Some of racism effects, us will demur both from the exegesis of british african colonies, Genesis in this volume which rules out ‘theistic evolution’ and Sexuality Of Women Film from the authors’ refusal to accept the scientific evidence for the integration of humankind into evolutionary history.16 Yet, all of us need to attend to issues in the philosophy of british african, science, particularly as they have taken shape since the work of Karl Popper.17 Both Madueme and Stone aspire to dialogue; in that case, surely what is racism effects, needed is an incursion into the relationship of (what we might broadly term) philosophy of religion and philosophy of science.18. Stone’s enterprise is driven by a conviction which is not his alone, though it is impossible to say whether it is shared by all the other authors—a conviction that the doctrine of original sin is either drastically redefined or lost if humans are located along an evolutionary line extending back to pre-human or non-human ancestors. This is not necessarily so. When Scripture talks about ‘man’ or humankind, it is tempting to colonies assume that it means what anthropologists mean when they use that language.
However, anthropologists do not demarcate species by identifying a point at which the first humans became addressed by God, called by God, answerable to God. That is Scripture’s interest in humankind to the point of being essential to its definition. There will be a neurological correlation to this summons, but, unless we accept some form of mind-brain identity theory, the relation theory spiritual summons is british african colonies, hidden, as is the apostasy of the fall. Racism Effects. What is definitive of humanity by biblical standards is scientifically invisible, just as God and british salvation are invisible, and an evolutionary pre-history does not in the least affect this. Polygenism is a separate question; theistic evolutionists can be committed monogenists. Electoral System In Uk. I think that Madueme is right to point out the dangers in british, this area of accommodation to in uk the latest scientific picture, dangers which are grave indeed if even someone of Henri Blocher’s stature has to make retractions. British. Madueme is also right to note the possibility of adhering to the historicity of Adam without commitment to the chronological matter of where, on exposure by wilfred, the evolutionary time-line, Adam appears (p.
237–38). Mention of Blocher takes us into the last part of the volume. In his essay on ‘The Fall and Genesis 3’, Noel Weeks thinks that it is a struggle for Blocher to combine reference to an historical Adam with symbolic trees in Eden and african colonies that Blocher ‘seems reduced to saying that he is certain something happened but that translating from the symbolic to the actual is beyond us’ (p. 299n37).19 As a matter of Water Heaters, fact, there is neither struggle nor reduction here. History symbolically rendered is scarcely alien to Scripture. Weeks says that Blocher has not ‘dealt with interpretations that see the story as “symbolic” in some nonhistorical form because such readings are pure arbitrary imposition unless they are anchored in something within the text itself’ (p. 305).
Actually, Blocher spends his time anchoring his readings within the text itself. If Weeks insists that Blocher and others go outside the text in order to interpret trees as symbolic, then we are not only taken back to our earlier remarks about hermeneutics and ANE context, but Weeks has to tell us why he is not being arbitrary in taking the trees non-symbolically. What Collins says about other scholars in british african colonies, his opening essay applies to Weeks: he is ‘conflating historicity with a literalistic scheme of The Benefits Water Heaters, interpretation, without argument’ (p. 9n17). However, Thomas Schreiner’s essay on Romans 5:12–19 does expose the difficulties with Blocher’s reconstruction of the doctrine of original sin and those of us who are willing to african colonies entertain the proposition that Henri Blocher’s theological ability is unexcelled on the contemporary scene will conclude that, if the doctrine of which following is a true, original sin remains a riddle after he has examined it, riddle it will remain for some time to come. Schreiner’s exegetical argument results in african colonies, a modification of on The Sexuality In Beowulf:, Murray’s advocacy of the imputation of Adam’s sin and he opposes Blocher’s challenge to the traditional federalist interpretation of Romans 5.20 Whatever we make either of british colonies, Schreiner’s interpretation of his interlocutors or of the relative exegetical merits of the positions concerned—and Schreiner conducts his arguments well—he is on The Of Women vs. Print, surely correct to protest that Blocher’s interpretation does not fulfill its aim of relieving the problem of divine justice in condemning his progeny for Adam’s sin.
The final chapter of Blocher’s Original Sin is focussed on british, presenting a theological interpretation of original sin which has (prominently) amongst its goals the aim of turning aside this allegation of divine injustice. Blocher holds that, if Scripture does not teach the imputation of alien guilt to Adam’s descendants, nothing should hinder the expression of our biblically informed moral sense of injustice at such a proposal. Indeed, Blocher grants that infants are guilty and deprived of fellowship with God and is aware that this is open to the charge of injustice, if it is Adam that brought them into this condition. His discussion reveals his awareness that his own solution will not satisfy. Even so, he advances as the ‘least inadequate’ analogy the fact that children born during a war are at war with the other nation.21 His underlying supposition is that the which following about the boston human race has an organic spiritual solidarity and Adam was placed at its head. Blocher is not convincing. British African Colonies. In the situation of Essay on The Of Women In Beowulf: Film vs. Print, war, we do not regard children as guilty for the fact that their leaders have brought the african colonies nation into war; we do not condemn them, even if they cannot but be implicated in action undertaken against their nation. Of Hot Essay. Of course, Blocher is subtle and we have to figure carefully all the angles of his discussion. Nonetheless, it is hard to gainsay the fairness of Schreiner’s observation: ‘It is difficult to african see how anyone who struggles with God’s justice in exposure, the matter of Adamic headship will find Blocher’s solution much of an improvement over the theory of an imputed guilt’ (p. 277). Yet, for himself, Schreiner does not demonstrate divine justice on his interpretation either, so we are left with a volume which has come to an end with this question unanswered.22.
In conclusion, I go back to first base and to commendation. Adam was an historical figure through whom sin entered the world. Yet, I do not see that we have got beyond first base and that the authors have found a way of defending this conviction beyond saying: ‘The Bible says’. It goes without saying that no one who seriously takes the Bible to be the Word of british african colonies, God will disdain that response. However, when more is attempted, more is of the following true statement about the boston, expected. In sum, it seems to me that there are at least three (familiar) areas which need evangelical attention if we are to go beyond first base. We need (a) an british colonies in-depth engagement with different ways of understanding the literary genre of the early chapters of Genesis; (b) a renewed attempt to explain, if it is possible, the justice of of Hot, condemning his progeny for the sin of Adam;23 and (c) a philosophy of science which explores carefully the british african work and legacy of Karl Popper. Let me solemnly assure readers that the easiest thing in the world is to write a review suggesting to exposure owen all concerned what should be done. Let me also assure them that those who have the temerity to african take up the which of the following statement about the boston massacre? task organized by Hans Madueme and Michael Reeves would do well to emulate their spirit of humble faithfulness to Scripture and earnest desire to get to grips with their subject. Added Note: Revisiting B. B. Warfield on Creation and Evolution. At this point, I am following Noll and Livingstone’s reading of Warfield, but I am grateful to Brian Tabb for drawing my attention to Fred G. Zaspel’s criticism of it in “B.
B. Warfield on Creation and Evolution.”24 Zaspel argues that their description of Warfield as an evolutionist at best goes far beyond the colonies evidence, at system in uk worst ignores some of the evidence and at all events must be rejected. He claims that, while Warfield granted that theistic evolution could be consistent with Christianity and did not rule it out, he himself rejected that position.25. The disagreement invites careful scrutiny of Warfield’s work and what follows is not a detailed adjudication but a general judgement with an eye to my observations on Hans Madueme’s reading. Zaspel’s challenge surely fails. Four reasons of unequal weight can be given for african, this.
First, what Zaspel means by ‘theistic evolution’ is not altogether clear. He says that ‘[e]ven the theistic evolutionist cannot explain ultimate origins in terms of evolution. . . ’,26 but I have never heard of a theistic evolutionist who even tried to do so and, were the attempt to be made, I should not know what ‘theistic evolutionism’ meant. Exposure Owen. I can only read Zaspel’s remark in its own right as a tautology, but the tautology does not serve his argument. However, perhaps this is a minor point. Madueme himself has no problem with describing Warfield as a theistic evolutionist, but he believes that specifically human evolution is excluded in british african colonies, this case (pp. Human Relation Theory. 228–29).27. Second, practically the first thing which Noll and Livingstone say in their introductory essay is that ‘Darwin, Darwinism and evolution . Colonies. . . were distinct’ for Warfield,28 but Zaspel collapses the last two. Thus he moves from quoting Warfield on the improbability of by wilfred, ‘any form of evolution which rests ultimately on the Darwinian idea ’ (my italics) to british african colonies the denigration of evolution in general.29 Unfortunately, it is impossible to investigate all the aspects of Zaspel’s case here, because, at a certain juncture, he gives the wrong reference for on The Sexuality In Beowulf: vs. Print, a citation from Livingstone’s work.30. Thirdly, Zaspel’s case turns largely, though not entirely, on the need to attend closely to Warfield’s precise and careful formulations. British African. This is human theory, a welcome insistence and Warfield’s writings on evolution are an impressive model of careful theological reflection and expression.
However, Zaspel’s principled approach rebounds on him in british african colonies, practice for he delivers a major component of his thesis only at the cost of doing precisely what he accuses Noll and Livingstone of doing, which is to be inattentive to Warfield’s actual wording. Thus, he ascribes Noll and Livingstone’s expository confidence to their interpretation of two pieces by Warfield. The first is racism effects, his review of Orr’s God’s Image in Man . According to Zaspel, in this review Warfield ‘ evidently (my italics) sees the biblical account of british colonies, death as an obstacle to evolution’.31 Actually, Warfield does not imply, still less say, any such thing. What he says is that ‘ [p]erhaps ’ (my italics) Orr overstates the matter when he says that ‘“there is Essay Sexuality Of Women In Beowulf: Film, not a word in Scripture to suggest that animals . . . African Colonies. came under the law of death for man’s sin.”’32 Warfield’s response to Orr is: ‘The problem of the on The vs. Print reign of death in british african colonies, that creation which was cursed for man’s sake and which is to be with man delivered from the bondage of relation theory, corruption, presses on some with a somewhat greater weight than seems here to be recognized.’33 As a matter of fact, Zaspel has earlier represented both Orr and british african colonies Warfield in excessively vague terms to the point of misrepresentation. He speaks of Warfield’s praise of of the following is a true statement about the boston, Orr for british african colonies, his ‘courage to relation recognize and assert the irreconcilableness of the two views’ and colonies of Warfield’s positive evaluation of Orr on exposure by wilfred owen, this account.34 Zaspel does not tell us what the two views in british african, question were but he does say that consideration of what Warfield says, ‘by itself, at least, would have led Livingstone and Noll to a very different conclusion.’35 However, what Orr was contrasting here was a Christian world-view and nineteenth-century evolutionary philosophy exemplified, e.g., by Ernst Haeckel. It is on this that Warfield is commenting positively and both the Noll/Livingstone account and their conclusion are entirely harmonious with it.36. Fourthly, as for the second of the by wilfred owen two pieces on which Noll and Livingstone apparently depend, Zaspel grants that there is a case for their reading. However, he is not convinced of it and he believes that it cannot stand against the contrary weight of evidence in Warfield’s corpus.
The piece in question is Warfield’s celebrated essay on ‘Calvin’s Doctrine of the Creation’. But, against Zaspel, it is british african, surely not probable that anyone as redoubtably Calvinistic as was Warfield and which following is a true statement about massacre? who rejected evolution would have prosecuted so robustly (and contentiously) the colonies case that Calvin taught a doctrine of evolution and was a theistic evolutionist.37. This is not necessarily to human dispose of british african colonies, everything which Zaspel says: e.g., the weight which he places on Warfield’s 1888 lecture essay on ‘Evolution and Development’ compels anyone who wishes to adjudicate this disagreement in detail to give meticulous attention not only to what the word ‘evolution’ comprehends in Warfield’s writings but also to the hermeneutical principles with which we approach Warfield’s texts. For myself, I should not be too surprised if Warfield had the last laugh on all of us, if this is not to electoral system treat a serious issue too flippantly. Perhaps in african colonies, his later writings (the focus of the by wilfred owen debate) he did not show his hand at british colonies all, neither overtly rejecting human evolution nor overtly declaring it, not giving away even his leanings one way or the other. Until the laughter echoes loud and human relation theory clear or until another case is put forward for Zaspel’s conclusion, there is no need to british african colonies demur from Noll and Livingstone’s conclusion.  Hans Madueme and Michael Reeves, eds., Adam, the Fall, and Original Sin: Theological, Biblical and Scientific Perspectives (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2014). Page references to this volume will usually be given in the text.
 Peter Enns, The Evolution of Adam: What the exposure by wilfred Bible Does and colonies Doesn’t Say About Human Origins (Grand Rapids: Brazos, 2012), 15. The Benefits Of Hot. ‘In a book on evolution’ it is british african colonies, ‘important for us to see the Pentateuch as a postexilic work’ (p. 26).  Note exactly what Enns says about the relation of universality to Israelite history in particular in the early chapters of Genesis, e.g., on the universal setting of Genesis 1–11 (Ibid., 65). He says that he is ‘not suggesting that the Adam story can only be read as a story of Israel’s origins’ (p. 66) but it seems that he could also have moved the adverb and said that he is ‘not suggesting that the Adam story can be read only as a story of Israel’s origins’.
 Enns explicitly draws this familiar comparison in the ‘Introduction’ to The Evolution of Adam , xvi. Of The Is A True Statement About Massacre?. He is simultaneously aware that ‘evolution uniquely strikes at central issues of the Christian faith’, p. xiv.  Enns’s work is also the british subject of frequent allusion in Collins’s essay, but the index to the volume does not give a complete list of the footnote references to Enns.  Full justice to Enns’s volume will not be done without a study of his Inspiration and The Benefits Incarnation: Evangelicals and the Problem of the Old Testament (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2005).  At least this is so in the context of Chemnitz’s Loci Theologici , trans. J. A. O. Preus, vol.
1 (St. British African. Louis: Concordia, 1989). For Melanchthon’s comment, reproduced in Chemnitz’s work, see p. 272.  Dogmatic Theology , 3rd ed. (Phillipsburg, NJ: Presbyterian Reformed, 2003), IV. 5.  Within the space of one essay, Trueman was bound to Essay Sexuality Film be brutally succinct and selective. Even so, his succinct one page on Pannenberg, e.g., will give us no idea of what he might have to teach us and his selection strangely omits Emil Brunner.
Compare, for example, Henri Blocher’s engagement with Pannenberg (and with Brunner, for that matter) throughout his important Original Sin: Illuminating the Riddle , New Studies in british colonies, Biblical Theology 5 (Leicester: Apollos, 1997).  In much the same way as Madueme and Reeves do not show how their theological understanding of relation theory, original sin is british, necessarily required in order to maintain belief in it, so the logic of Doriani’s account of ‘Original Sin in Pastoral Theology’ often requires only a conviction that sin is deep, not a belief about human, original sin. See, e.g., pp. 259–60.  See his unfading poem ‘The Listeners’. We might, of course, add consideration of Genesis 6:1–4 to that of Genesis 4. I should say that I am not definitely committed to the belief that 4:14–17 introduces us to a populated world.
Quite apart from the difficulty of british, interpreting dogmatically compressed narratives, Cain might have been thinking of a period of hundreds of years during which he could be hunted down from a distance.  It is worth adding that Stone’s biblical-theological principles require less in the way of scientific evidence than he supposes. Those principles do not require, as he supposes, that the paleoanthropological record ‘show that humans belong to a distinct “kind” from other primates’—only that it does not contradict the claim about the distinction of humankind (p. 55).  History of English Thought in the Eighteenth Century , vol. 1 (London: Smith, 1876), 86.  See Locke’s An Essay Concerning Human Understanding , ed. Peter Nidditch (Oxford: Clarendon, 1975), IV.14–20.  This need not be evidence which supports a neo-Darwinian synthesis; meta-Darwinism is The Benefits of Hot Water, another player in the game.
See T. B. British Colonies. Fowler and D. Essay Sexuality Of Women Film Vs. Print. Kuebler, The Evolution Controversy: A Survey of Competing Theories (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2007). David Stove’s Darwinian Fairytales (Aldershot: Avebury, 1995) is compelling reading in this connection. Madueme wrongly places Warfield on the side of those who reject human evolution (p. 229). He cites Warfield’s 1888 lecture ‘Evolution or Development’ (reprinted in african, B. B. Warfield, Evolution, Science and Scripture: Selected Writings , ed. Mark Noll and David Livingstone [Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 2000]), which the editors say represents Warfield at following true ‘his most skeptical about evolutionary theory’ (p. 114). Further, Madueme fails to colonies refer to the different line taken in human relation, Warfield’s review of James Orr’s God’s Image in Man . British Colonies. See ‘Added Note: Revisiting B. On The Sexuality In Beowulf: Film Vs. Print. B. Warfield on british african, Creation and Evolution’ at the end of this article.  Bryan Magee’s ‘Conversation with Karl Popper’ in Magee, Modern British Philosophy (St Albans: Paladin, 1973), 85–107 is a most useful way in, as is his Popper (Glasgow: Fontana, 1973). Popper’s work as a whole deserves our attention in this context, including the way in which his philosophy of science is informed by his interpretation of the significance of Einstein’s challenge to Newton. Pannenberg comes to terms with Popper in his argument that the ‘real task’ of theology ‘is to examine the validity of the thesis of faith as a hypothesis’, Theology and the Philosophy of owen, Science (London: Darton, Longman Todd, 1976), 296.
Popper was a great admirer of Charles Sanders Peirce, to whose thought Alister E. British Colonies. McGrath frequently alludes in on The Sexuality Of Women, his various writings on science and religion. See, e.g., Darwinism and the Divine: Evolutionary Thought and Natural Theology , 198–99. As I mentioned Stove’s work on Darwinian Fairytales , so mention should be made of his critical Popper and After: Four Modern Irrationalists (Oxford: Pergamon, 1982) but note should be taken of the self-imposed limits of Stove’s criticism of Popper and others in this work. In connection with Popper, of continued importance for philosophers and theologians alike is W. W. Bartley’s essay on The Retreat to Commitment (Chicago: Open Court, 1999).  Madueme refers to Alvin Plantinga (p. 240n72) whose work on religious epistemology is colonies, certainly pertinent in this context.
For dialogue, see Alister McGrath’s The Foundations of Dialogue in Science and Religion (Oxford: Blackwell, 1998).  Weeks refers to Henri Blocher, In the Beginning: The Opening Chapters of which of the true about massacre?, Genesis , trans. David G. British African. Preston (Leicester: Inter-Varsity, 1984).  I am happy to confess my admiration for John Murray’s work as well as that of Henri Blocher, but the convolutions of Murray’s formulations seem to me to by wilfred obscure the reasoning in The Epistle To The Romans: The English Text With Introduction, Exposition and Notes , NICNT (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1968), 189n22.  In fairness to Schreiner, it is not his brief. In his closing essay on ‘Adam, History, and african colonies Theodicy’, William Edgar apparently does not try to Essay on The Of Women In Beowulf: make headway on this one either.
 We should consider approaching this by exploring the proposition that we all would have done what Adam did. African. This would involve both setting out the logic of putting our post-lapsarian individual selves in the place of another human being and observing the distinction between saying that, contingently, any one of us would have done the same and saying that sin was inevitable for racism effects, humanity.  Fred G. Zaspel, ‘B. B. Warfield on Creation and british Evolution’, Them 35.2 (2010): 198–211.  For a brief response, see David N. Livingstone’s Dealing With Darwin: Place, Politics, and Rhetoric in Religious Engagements with Evolution (Baltimore: Maryland, Johns Hopkins, 2014), 251n121. See Livingstone’s discussion of by wilfred owen, Warfield on pp. 185–93.
 Zaspel, ‘B. B. Warfield on Creation and Evolution’, 201.  ‘Theistic evolution’ is actually better called ‘evolutionary creationism’, but the latter will seem a contradiction in terms in a climate where creationists may regard theistic evolution as a contradiction in terms.  Noll and british Livingstone, ‘Introduction: B. B. Warfield as a Conservative Evolutionist’, in which true statement about the boston massacre?, Warfield, Evolution, Science and Scripture , 13.  Zaspel, ‘B. B. Warfield on british, Creation and Evolution’, 203.  The words which he quotes are not found at the point of reference (ibid., 207n38).  Warfield, Evolution, Science and Scripture , 235–36.  Zaspel, ‘B. B. Warfield on Creation and Evolution’, 208.
 Warfield, Evolution, Science and The Benefits Water Heaters Essay Scripture , 231. See James Orr, God’s Image in Man and Its Defacement in the Light of Modern Denials (London: Hodder Stoughton, 1906), ch. 1.  Only an excerpt of Warfield’s article on british african colonies, ‘Calvin’s Doctrine of the Creation’ is included in Evolution, Science and Scripture , 293–314.